Upgrade to remove ads
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 15
Terms in this set (40)
What is senescence?
Some aging is the result of senescence; other changes are the result of ________ _______.
What is the double standard for the appearance of aging men and women?
Older women tend to be viewed in unflattering terms, while aging men are more frequently perceived as displaying maturity that enhances stature
Why are women more prone to declining height?
Due to osteoporosis
Where does strength primarily decrease in middle adulthood?
Back and leg muscles
When does visual acuity begin to decline in middle adulthood?
around age 40
What is visual acuity?
The ability to discern fine spatial detail in both close and distant objects
What is presbyopia?
A nearly universal change in eyesight during middle adulthood that results in the loss of near vision
what is glaucoma?
the pressure in the fluid of the eye increases
What are some reasons for hearing loss?
1. Environmental factors
2. loss of hair cells in the inner ear
3. eardrum is less elastic
what is presbycusis?
the loss of the ability to hear sounds of high frequency
what is sound localization?
problems identifying the direction and origin of a sound
True or False? Reaction time increases during middle adulthood.
What can slow the increase of reaction time in middle adulthood?
Lifestyle choices such as exercise
what is the female climacteric?
the trasition from being able to bear children to being unable to do so
what is menopause?
cessation of menstruation
what is perimenopause?
The period beginning around 10 years prior to menopause when hormone production begins to change
what is the male climacteric?
The period of physical and psychological change relating to male reproductive system that occurs during late middle age
what are four characteristics of the male climacteric?
1. there is a decrease in production of testosterone and sperm, but can still father children
2. enlargement of the prostate gland
3. problems with urination, including difficulty starting to urinate and frequent need to urinate during the night
4. erectile dysfunction
when does arthritis typically begin?
after age 40
when is diabetes most likely to occur?
in people between the ages of 50 and 60
what is hypertension?
high blood pressure
what is the most frequent disease found in middle age?
true or false? stress has a significant impact on health in middle age.
what are four direct physiological effects of stress in middle adulthood?
1. elevated blood pressure
2. decrease in immune system functioning
3. increased hormonal activity
4. psychophysiological conditions
what do psychoneuroimmunologists study?
the relationshio between the brain, immune system, and psychological factors
stress produces what three main consequences?
1. direct physiological outcomes
2. engaging in unhealthy behaviors
3. indirect health-related behaviors
what are three genetic risk factors for heart disease?
1. it runs in the family
2. men are more likely to suffer, and the risks increase with age
what are 4 environmental and behavioral risk factors for heart disease?
1. cigarette smoking
2. high fat and cholesterol
3. lack of physical exercise
4. psychological factors
what are characteristics of the type A behavior pattern?
competitiveness, impatience, and tendency toward frustration and hostility
what are characteristics of the type B behavior pattern?
Noncompetitiveness, patience, and lack of aggression
what are characteristics of the type D behavior pattern?
insecurity, anxiety, and negative outlook related to risk for heart attack
what is crystallized intelligence?
the store of information, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience and can apply in problem-solving situations
What is fluid intelligence?
reflects information processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory
true or false? crystallized intelligence declines with age.
false; fluid intelligence declines with age.
what is selective optimization?
concrete on specific skill to compensate for losses in other areas
what is expertise?
acquisition of skill or knowledge in a particular area
What is the difference between an expert and a beginner?
Beginners use formal procedures and rules, while experts rely on experience and intuition
What are the three components of memory?
1. sensory memory
2. short-term memory
3. long-term memory
True or false? sensory and short-term memory show no weakening, but long-term declines with age.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 18
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 19
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 1
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chap. 15: Physical/Cognitive Develop. in Middle Ad…
Lifespan Developmental Psychology Chapter 15
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Nutrition Chapter 14 pt 2
Nutrition Chapter 14
Nutrition Chapter 13: Pregnancy
Nutrition Chapter 10
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Bio First Set
La Historia de Viviana y su Gran Adventura Mexicana
Physics test 3