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Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 16
Terms in this set (48)
What are normative-crisis models?
the approach to personality development that is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age-related crises
what are life events models?
suggest that timing of particular events in adult's life, rather than age per se, determine course of personality development
What is the generativity-versus-stagnation stage?
the stage during middle adulthood in which people consider their contributions to family and society
what us generativity?
looking beyond oneself to continuation of one's life through others
what is stagnation?
focusing on the triviality of life
George Valliant suggests that middle adulthood is "keeping the meaning" versus _____
True of False? Middle adults who are rigid become increasingly isolated from others.
psychaistrist roger gould suggests that adults pass through a series of seven stages associated with ______ _____ ________.
specific age periods
according to Gould, at what age do people begin to feel a sense of urgency in terms of attaining life's goals?
late 30s and 40s
What does Levinson's seasons of life theory suggest?
that adult men pass through a series of stages beginning around age 20 and continuing into middle adulthood
According to Levinson, when is the midlife transition, or "time of questioning"?
Between age 40 and 45
What is a midlife crisis?
A stage of uncertainty and indecision brought about by the realization that life is finite
True or False? Most people experience a midlife crisis.
False. Despite the widespread acceptance, the evidence for a midlife crisis does not exist
What is neuroticism?
the degree to which a person is moody, anxious, and self critical
what is extroversion?
how outgoing or shy a person is
what is openness?
a person's level of curiosity and interest in new experiences
what is agreeableness?
how easygoing and helpful a person tends to be
what is conscientiousness?
a person's tendencies to be organized and responsible
what is the most frequent pattern of marital satisfaction?
when is marital satisfaction the lowest?
following the birth of children
when does marital satisfaction begin to grow again?
after children leave adolescence and reaches its highest point when kids have left home
what are 4 coping mechanisms that allow couples to remain together happily?
1. holding realistic expectations
2. focusing on the positive
4. avoiding suffering in silence
____ to ____ percent of people who divorce remarry
what is the marriage gradient?
societal norms push men to marry women who are younger, smaller, and lower in status than themselves
what are three motivations to remarry?
1. avoid the societal consequences of divorce
3. economic benefits
what is empty nest syndrome?
when parents experience feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, and depression resulting from when their children depart from home
what is a helicopter parent?
parents who intrusively intervene in their children's lives
what are boomerang children?
young adults who return, after leaving home for some period, to live in the homes of their middle-aged parents
what are three reasons that boomerang children return home?
1. many young adults cannot find jobs after college
2. difficulty making ends meet
3. breakup of a marriage
what is the sandwich generation?
couples in middle adulthood fulfilling needs of both their children and their aging parents
what are two reasons that the sandwich generation exists?
1. couples are marrying and having children later
2. parents are living longer
what are the three different types of grandparents?
________ grandparents are actively engaged in grandparenting and have influence over their grandchildren's lives
_______ grandparents are more relaxed and at as supporters and buddies to their grandchildren
_________ grandparents are detached and distant and show little interest in their grandchildren
There are ________differences in the extent to which people enjoy grandparenthood, and ________ differences in level of involvement
close to ______ percent of all marriages in the United States are characterized by continuing, severe violence
What are the three stages of spousal abuse, in order?
1. tension building (a batterer becomes upset and shows dissatisfaction initially through verbal abuse)
2. battering (abuse actually occurs)
3. Loving contrition (the batterer feels remorse and apologizes for their actions)
what is the cycle of violence hypothesis?
the theory that abuse and neglect of children leads them to be predisposed to abusiveness as adults
____/_____ abusers were not abused as children
True or False? English common law allowed husbands to beat their wives; this law was amended to permit beating only with a stick that was no thicker than his thumb.
True or false? The older workers are, the more overall job satisfaction they experience.
what is burnout?
a situation that occurs when workers experience dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, and weariness from the job
when does burnout occur most?
occurs most often in jobs that involve helping others and strikes those who are most idealistic and driven
true or false? middle-aged adults tend to stay unemployed longer than young workers.
what are 5 reasons who someone might change their career in middle adulthood?
1. their old job gave them little satisfaction
2. they achieved mastery of the old job's challenges
3. their job has changed in ways they do not like, or they have changed their job
4. they no longer enjoy what they do
5. they are unhappy with the status they have achieved
the average middle-aged person watches ____ hours of tv per week
adults spend about _____ hours a week socializing.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 18
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 19
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 1
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 2
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