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45 mm of Hg
The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the interstitial space of peripheral tissues is approximately:
The cartilage that makes up most of the anterior and lateral surface of the larynx is the _______ cartilage.
inspiratory reserve volume
________ is the amount of air that you can take in over and above the tidal volume.
in a mixture of gases such as air, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
Dalton's law states that:
The term ________ describes the result from an injury to the chest wall that causes air to leak into the pleural cavity.
The elastic cartilage that shields the opening to the larynx during swallowing is the ________ cartilage.
Waves of muscular contractions that propel the contents of the digestive tract from one point to another are called:
digestion of cholesterol fats
The functions of the oral cavity, include all of the following, EXCEPT:
increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine
Plicae circulares and intestinal villi:
common bile duct and pancreatic duct
The duodenal ampulla (Ampulla of Vater) is formed by the fusion of the:
Immunoglobulins that are a single molecule and are mainly responsible for resistance against viruses, bacteria, and bacterial toxins are:
promotes an increased susceptibility to immune system failure
All of the following are true of the secondary or anamnestic response of humoral immunity, EXCEPT THAT IT:
neutrophils invade the surrounding areas, releasing chemotaxic substances
During a primary humoral response to antigens all of the following occur, EXCEPT:
Lymphocytes that attack foreign cells or body cells infected with viruses are ________ cells.
Immunity that results from the natural exposure to an immunogen in the environment is called ________ immunity.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes the disease known as AIDS selectively infects _______ cells.
Immunoglobulins that are composed of five single molecules joined together, and are the first andtibodies to be produced in response to infection, are:
constant (fixed) regions
The various classes of immunoglobulins are differentiated on the basis of their:
urine with a lower specific gravity
In response to increased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys produce:
Each of the following systems of the body is involved in the process of excretion to some degree, EXCEPT the ________ system.
Substances larger than ________ are normally NOT allowed to pass through the filtration membrane:
bundles of tissue that lie between pyramids and extend from the renal cortex toward the renal sinus
Renal columns are:
4, 3, 2, 6, 1, 5, 7, 8
The following is a list of the blood vessels that carry blood to the kidney:
1. afferent arteriole
2. arcuate artery
3. interlobar arter
4. renal artery
6. interlobular artery
7. efferent arteriole
8. peritubular capillary
approximately 50 percent of the waste products
The cells of the proximal convoluted tubule normally reabsorb all of the following, EXCEPT:
absorption of ions, organic molecules, vitamins, and water
The primary fuction of the proximal convoluted tubule is:
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