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Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 19
Terms in this set (32)
what is functional death?
the absence of a heartbeat and breathing
what is brain death?
a diagnosis of death based on the cessation of all signs of brain activity, as measured by electrical brain waves
what is a miscarriage?
when pregnancy ends before the developing child is able to survive outside the mother's womb
what is SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome
the unexplained death of a seemingly healthy baby
what is the most frequent cause of death during childhood?
when do children develop a concept of death?
around age 5
how is death viewed in adolescence?
views of death are often unrealistic. there is a sense of invincibility
why does death in young adulthood create feelings of anger and impatience?
it is the prime time of life, death seems unthinkable
what are the most frequent causes of death in middle adulthood?
heart attack or stroke
at what stage of life is fear of death the greatest?
what are four causes of death in late adulthood?
3. heart disease
4. terminal decline/terminal illness
why is there not as much fear of death in late adulthood than middle adulthood?
they realize that death is imminent, there is an increasing number of deaths in their environment
what are thanantologists?
people who study death and dying
what is death education?
encompasses programs that teach about death, dying, and grief
Elisabeth Kubler-Ross identified what five basic steps as people move towards death?
what are two pros of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross' theory?
1. one of the first people to observe systematically hoe people approach their own deaths
2. increased public awareness and affected practices and policies related to dying
what are five cons of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross' Theory?
1. largely limited to those who are aware they are dying
2. less applicable to people who suffer from diseases in which the prognosis is uncertain
3. stage-like increments questioned
4. anxiety levels not included
5. some report feelings of yearning rather than anger or depression
what dies DNR stand for?
do not resuscitate
what three things does a DNR determine?
1. differentiates "extreme" and "extraordinary" measures from those that are simply routine
2. determines individual's current quality of life and whether it will be improved or diminished by a particular medical intervention
3. determines decision maker role
what are three legal documents that people draft while they are healthy and lucid?
1. living will
2. health-care proxy
3. durable power of attorney
what is a living will?
a written statement detailing a person's desires regarding their medical treatment in circumstances in which they are no longer able to express informed consent, especially an advance directive.
what is a heath-care proxy?
The Health Care Proxy allows you to choose someone you trust to make health care decisions on your behalf. Unlike a living will, a Health Care Proxy does not require that you decide in advance decisions that may arise
what are the two types of euthanasia?
2. voluntary active
what is passive euthanasia?
intentionally letting a patient die by withholding artificial life support such as a ventilator or feeding tube
what is voluntary active euthanasia?
actively assisting in the patients death
what is home care?
an alternative to hospitalization in which dying people stay in their homes and receive treatment from their families and visiting medical staff
what is hospice care?
care provided for the dying in places devoted to those who are terminally ill
why do people in western societies view death as an atypical event rather than an expected part of life?
life expectancy is long and mortality rates are low
what is bereavement?
acknowledgement of the objective fact that one has experienced a death
what s grief?
the emotional response to one's loss
what are the three stages of grief?
1. survivors' first stage of grief typically entails shock, numbness, disbelief, or outright denial
2. in the next phase, people begin to confront the death and realize the extent of their loss
3. finally, people who have lost a loved one reach the accommodation stage
what is complicated grief or prolonged grief disorder?
a type of mourning that continues unceasingly for months and years
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