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Mnemonics

STUDY
PLAY
SAD PERSONS for suicide contemplation.
S-Sex (male)
A-Age (teenager or elderly)
D-Depression
P-Previous attempt
E-Ethanol or drug use
R-Rational thinking
S-Sickness (chronic, >3 Rx meds)
O-Organized plan
N-No spouse (divorced, widowed)
S-Social support lacking
SIG E CAPS depression screening.
S-sleep disturbance
I-interest lost (anhedonia)
G-guilt
E-energy loss
C-concentration loss
A-appetite/wt changes
P-psychomotor retardation or agitation
S-suicidal ideation

Depressed mood.
MLF = MS
Lesion in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) results in medial rectus palsy on attempted lateral gaze.
Bacteria FROM JANE for bacterial endocarditis.
F-Fever
R-Roth's spots (retinal hemmorrhages with white or pale centers)
O-Osler's Nodes (Painful palpable pads fingers/toes)
M-Murmur (usually regurg in mitral/aortic)
J-Janeway lesions (non-tender macular lesions palms/soles)
A-Anemia
N-Nail bed hemorrhage
E-emboli
I'M DAMN SHARP for lupus.
I-Immunoglobulins (anti-dsDNA, anti-Sm, anti-phospholipid
M-Malar rash
D-Discoid rash
A-Antinuclear Ab
M-Mucositis (oropharyngeal ulcers)
N-neurologic disorders
S-Serositis (pleuritis, pericarditis)
H-Hematologic disorders
A-Arthritis
R-Renal disorders (wire-loop nephritic)
P-Photosensitivity
BALSAT for Parkinson's treatment.
B-Bromocriptine (dopamine receptor agonist)
A-Amantidine (block muscarinic/increase dopamine release)
L-Levo-dopa (prodrug converted to dopamine by aromatic amino acid decarboxylase)
S-Selegiline (MAO-b selective inhibitor)
A-Anti-muscarinic (decrease tremor/rigidity) like benztropine
T-Tolcapone (COMT inhibitor, COMT usually breaks down L-dopa to 3-0 methyldopa)
RIPE for TB treatment.
Rifampicin (inhibs DNA dependent RNA polymerase)
Isoniazid (decreases mycolic acid synthesis)
Pyrazinimide (disrupts membrane function--give in first 2 months to treat bacilli within macrophages...the macrophage PYRates)
Pyridoxine (vit B6 to inhibit isoniazid induced neuropathy)
Ethambutol (inhibs arabinolycan-->cell wall)
BAATS for sub-arachnoid hemorrhage.
B-Berry Aneurysm
A-AVM
A-Adult polycystic kidney disease
T-Trauma
S-Stroke
AChE inhibitor poisoning DUMBBELSS
D-Diarrhea
U-Urination
M-Miosis
B-Bradycardia
B-Bronchoconstriction
E-Excitation (muscle and CNS)
L-Lacrimation
S-Salivation
S-Sweating

Usually caused by insecticides such as parathion or malathion.