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SAD PERSONS for suicide contemplation.
A-Age (teenager or elderly)
E-Ethanol or drug use
S-Sickness (chronic, >3 Rx meds)
N-No spouse (divorced, widowed)
S-Social support lacking
SIG E CAPS depression screening.
I-interest lost (anhedonia)
P-psychomotor retardation or agitation
MLF = MS
Lesion in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) results in medial rectus palsy on attempted lateral gaze.
Bacteria FROM JANE for bacterial endocarditis.
R-Roth's spots (retinal hemmorrhages with white or pale centers)
O-Osler's Nodes (Painful palpable pads fingers/toes)
M-Murmur (usually regurg in mitral/aortic)
J-Janeway lesions (non-tender macular lesions palms/soles)
N-Nail bed hemorrhage
I'M DAMN SHARP for lupus.
I-Immunoglobulins (anti-dsDNA, anti-Sm, anti-phospholipid
M-Mucositis (oropharyngeal ulcers)
S-Serositis (pleuritis, pericarditis)
R-Renal disorders (wire-loop nephritic)
BALSAT for Parkinson's treatment.
B-Bromocriptine (dopamine receptor agonist)
A-Amantidine (block muscarinic/increase dopamine release)
L-Levo-dopa (prodrug converted to dopamine by aromatic amino acid decarboxylase)
S-Selegiline (MAO-b selective inhibitor)
A-Anti-muscarinic (decrease tremor/rigidity) like benztropine
T-Tolcapone (COMT inhibitor, COMT usually breaks down L-dopa to 3-0 methyldopa)
RIPE for TB treatment.
Rifampicin (inhibs DNA dependent RNA polymerase)
Isoniazid (decreases mycolic acid synthesis)
Pyrazinimide (disrupts membrane function--give in first 2 months to treat bacilli within macrophages...the macrophage PYRates)
Pyridoxine (vit B6 to inhibit isoniazid induced neuropathy)
Ethambutol (inhibs arabinolycan-->cell wall)
BAATS for sub-arachnoid hemorrhage.
A-Adult polycystic kidney disease
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