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Health Vocabulary Words

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Lifestyle disease
cause partly by unhealthy behaviors and party by other behaviors
Risk factor
anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems
Sedentary
not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis
Health
the state of well being in which all of the components of health; physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and envio are in balance
Value
strong belief or ideal
Wellness
achievement of a person's overall health
Health literacy
knowledge of health information needed to make good choices about your health.
Public health
practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community
Advocate
to speaks out or argues in favor of something.
PSA
created to educate people about an issue.
Life Skills
tools for building a health life
Coping
dealing with troubles or problems in an effective way.
Consequence
results of actions are decisions
Media
Public forms of communication
Resource
something you can use to help achieve a goal.
Consumer
a person who buys products or services.
Collaborate
to work together with one or more people.
Peer pressure
a feeling that you should do something because that is what your friends want
Direct pressure
the pressure that results from someone doing something who tires to convince you to do something you normally would not do.
Indirect pressure
the pressure that results from being swayed to do something because people you look up to are doing it.
Refusal skill
strategies to avoid doing something you don't want to do.
Self esteem
A measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident of one.
Self-concept
A measure of how one views his/herself.
Integrity
The Characteristic of doing what is right.
Passive
A person who has a communication style that does not offer opposition when challenged or pressured.
Aggressive
To be hostile; unfriendly.
Assertive
to express oneself in a direct, respectful way.
Empathy
the ability to understand another person's feelings or behaviors.
Mental health
state of mental-health, which one can cope with the demands of daily life.
Self-actualization
achievement of the best a person can be
Emotion
feeling that is produces in response to life experiences.
Defense mechanism
an unconscious thought or behavior used to avoid experiencing unpleasant emotions.
Mental disorder
an illness that affects a person's thoughts and actions.
Symptom
change that a person notices in his or her body or mind
Depression
sadness and hopelessness that keep a person from carrying out every day actvities.
Stress
The body and mind's response to a demand.
Stressor
any situation that puts a demand on the body or mind.
Epinephrine
One of the hormones that are released by the body in times of stress
Eustress
positive stress
Distress
Negative stresses that can make a person sick or keep a person from reaching a goal.
Resiliency
the ability to recover form an illness, hardship, and or other stresses/
Asset
A skill or resource that can help reaches a goal.
Prioritize
To arranges items in order of importance.
Grieve
To express deep sadness.
Wake
A ceremony that is held to allow family and friends to view or watch over the deceased person before the funeral.
Funeral
A ceremony in which a deceased person is buried or cremated.
Memorial Service
A ceremony to remember the deceased person.
Suicide
The act of intentionally taking ones own life.
Violence
any physical force that is used to harm people or damage property.
Tolerance
the ability to overlook differences and accept who they are
Bullying
scaring or controlling another person by using threats or physical force/
Negotiation
a bargain or compromise for a peaceful solution to a conflict
Peer mediation
a technique in which a trained outsider who is our age helps people in a conflict come to a peaceful resolution
Neglect
occurs when a caretaker fails to provide basic needs.
Abuse
a physical or emotional harm to someone.
Domestic violence
The use of force to control and maintain power over a spouse in the home
Hazing
harassing newcomers to a group in an abusive and humiliation way.
Sexual abuse
any sexual act without consent
Incest
sexual activity between family members who are not husband and wife.
Sexual harassment
any unwanted remark, behavior, or touch that has sexual content.
Sexual assault
Any sexual activity in which force or threat of force is used.
Date rape
sexual intercourse that is forced on a victim by someone the victim knows.
Physical fitness
the ability of the body to carry out daily physical activities without getting out of breath, sore, or overly tired.
Chronic disease
a disease that develops gradually and continues over a long period of time
Health related-fitness
describes qualities that are needed to maintain and promote a healthy body
RHR
number of times the heart beats per minute
Target heart rate zone
normally between 60 and 85 percent of your maximum heart rate.
FITT
formula made up of four important parts of fitness training.
A
number of times and exercise is repeated.
Set
a set number of repetitions followed by a resting period
Dehydration
a state in which the body has lost more water then has been taken in.
Overtraining
exceeding of the FITT formula
Dietary supplement
any product that is taken by mouth that can contain a dietary ingredient.
Anabolic steroids
synthetic versions of the male hormone.
Sleep deprivation
lack of sleep
Circadian rhythm
the body's internal system for regulating sleeping and waking patterns
Insomnia
An inability to sleep even if one is physically exhausted
Sleep apnea
A serious sleeping disorder in which there are interruptions in normal breathing patterns during sleep.
Nutrition
the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food.
Nutrients
substances in food that provide energy or help form tissues
Carbohydrates
a class of energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber
Fats
a class of energy-giving nutrients
Proteins
a class of nutrients made up of amino acids
Vitamins
a class of nutrients that contain carbon and are needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth.
Minerals
are a class of nutrients that are chemical elements that are needed for certain processes.
Nutrient deficiency
the state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health.
RDAs
are the recommended nutrient intakes that will meet the needs of almost all health people
DVs
recommended daily amounts of a nutrient that are used on food labels to help people see how a food fits into their diet.
Food guide pyramid
a visual tool for planning your diet that divides foods into six food groups
Nutrient density
a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides.
Vegetarian
a diet in which few or no animal products are eaten.
Hunger
the body's physical response to the need for food.
Appetite
the desire, rather than the need, to eat certain foods
BMR
the minimum amount of energy required to keep the body alive when in a rested and fasting state
Overweight
heavy for one's weight
Obesity
the state of having excess body fat for one's weight
Heredity
passing down of traits from parent to child
Body composition
measure of the proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to bone and muscle.
BMI
an index of weight in relation to height that is used to assess healthy body weight
Weight management
program of sensible eating and exercise habits that will help keep your weight a ta healthy level
Fad diet
diet that requires major changes in your eating habits.
Body image
How you see and feel about your appearance.
Anorexia nervosa
eating disorder that involves starvation and low body weight.
Bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder in which the individual repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then vomits or uses laxatives.
Binge eating
eating of a large amount of food in one sitting
Purging
behavior that involves vomiting or misusing laxities to rid the body of food
Food allergy
an abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the body's immune system
Lactose intolerance
a reduced ability to digest the milk sugar lactose
Food-borne illness
an illness caused by eating or drinking a food that contains toxins or diseases
Cross-contamination
the transfer of contaminates from one food to another
Alcohol
drug found in beer, wine, and liquor that causes intoxication
Intoxication
the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol produced my drinking alcohol.
Drug
any substance that causes a change in a persons physical or psychological state
Medicine
any drug that is used to cure, prevents, or treats an illness.
Side effect
any effect that is caused by drug and that is different from the intentional effect
Prescription
a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine
OTC
medicines that can be bought without a prescription
Psychoactive
drugs and medicines that affect the brain and change how we think, or feel.
Generic medicine
a medicine that is made by accompany other than the company that developed the original medicine
Active ingredient
the chemical component that gives a medicine its action
Drug interactions
occur when a drug reacts with another drug, food, or dietary supplement to increase or decrease the effect of one of the substances
Drug tolerance
develops after repeated drug use when the user finds that it takes more of a drug to feel the same effect felt when first using the drug.
BAC
amount of alcohol in a person's blood.
Binge Drinking
the act of drinking 5 or more drinks in one setting
Cirrhosis
disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue
Alcohol abuse
drinking to much alcohol
Alcoholism
a disease that causes a person to lose control of his or her drinking behavior
Enabling
helping an addict avoid negative consequences of his or her behavior.
Codependency
condition in which a family member or friend sacrifices his or her own needs to meet the needs of an addict.
FAS
set of physical or mental defects that affect a fetus that has been exposed to alcohol syndrome
Designated driver
A person who chooses not to drink in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive him himself or herself and others
Nicotine
the addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products
Carcinogens
chemicals or agents that cause cancer
Tar
sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of airways and that contains many carcinogens
Carbon monoxide
a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the bloodstream.
Emphysema
a respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of the lungs because alveoli become blocked or lose their elasticity
Side stream smoke
the smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Mainstream smoke
smoke that is inhaled through a tobacco product and exhaled by a tobacco smoker.
Environmental tobacco smoke
a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and side stream smoke.
NRT
a from of medicine that delivers a small amount of nicotine to the body to help a person quit smoking.
Drug abuse
the international improper or usage use of a drug
Overdose
taking of too much of a drug, which causes sickness, loss of consciousness, permanent health damage, or even death
Marijuana
the dried flowers and leaves from the plant Cannabis sativa.
Inhalants
drugs that are inhaled as vapors
Club drugs
are drugs designed to closely resemble common illegal drugs
Anabolic steroids
are synthetic versions of the male hormone testorerone
Stimulant
are drugs that temporarily increase a person's energy and alertness
Depressants
drugs that cause relaxation and sleepiness
Opiates
are a group of highly addictive drugs derived from the poppy plant that are used as pain relievers, anesthetics, and sedatives
Hallucinogens
drugs that distort perceptions and cause a person to see or hear things that are not real
Neonatal abstinence syndrome
drudge withdrawal occurring in newborn infants whose mothers were frequent drug users during pregnancy.
Recovering
the process of learning to live w/o drugs.
Intervention
involves confronting a drug user about his or her problem
Relapse
a return to using drugs while trying to recover from drug addiction
Infectious disease
is any disease that is cause d by an agent that has invaded the body
Pathogen
any agent that causes disease
Bacteria
tiny, single-celled organisms
Virus
tiny, disease-causing particles
Fungus
organisms that absorb and use the nutrients of living or dead organisms
Antibiotic resistance
a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
Inflammation
a reaction to injury becomes inflamed, and becomes infected
Lymphatic system
a network of vessels that carry a clear fluid through the body.
White blood cells
cells in the blood whose primary job is to defend the body against disease.
Vaccine
substances usually prepared from killed or weakened pathogens that is introduced into a body to produced immunity,
Symptom
the changes that you notice in your body or mind caused by a disease or disorder.
Meningitis and salmonellosis
Bacteria causing illnesses.
Hepatitis
more serious viral disease.
Amebic dysentery
an inflammation of the intestine cause by ameba
Lifestyle disease
diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by others
CVD
diseases and disorders that result from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels
Blood pressure
the force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel.
Heart attack
the damage and loss of function of an area of the heart muscle
Atherosclerosis
the disease characterized by the buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries.
Cancer
a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth
Malignant tumor
a mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue.
Benign tumor
an abnormal but usually harmless cell mass.
Chemotherapy
the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Insulin
a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream
Diabetes
a disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result
Diabetic coma
a loss of consciousness that happens when there is too much blood sugar and a build up of toxic substances in the blood.
Adolescence
the period of time between puberty and maturation
Hereditary diseases
diseases caused by abnormal chromosomes or by defective genes
Genes
segments of DNA located on a chromosome that code for a specific trait
Genetic counseling
the process of informing a person or couple of their genetic makeup
Human genome project
a research effort to determine the locations of all human genes on the chromosomes
Gene therapy
technique that places a healthy copy of a gene into the cells of a person
Autoimmune diseases
immune system attacks the cells of the body that the immune system normally protects.
MS
occurs when the body attacks myelin
Disabilities
physical or mental impairments or deficiencies that interfere with a persons normal activity
Tinnitus
a buzzing ringing, or whistling sound in one or both ears that occurs even when no sound is present.
ADA
wide-ranging legislation intended to make American society more accessible to people with disabilities.
Puberty
the period of human development during which people become able to produce children
Hormones
chemical substances made and released in one part of the body that cause a change in another part of the body
Testes
male reproductive structures
Menopause
the period of time in a woman's life when the woman stops ovulating and menstruating
Midlife crisis
the sense of uncertainty about one 's identity and values that some people experience in midlife
Alzheimer's disease
disease in which one gradually loses mental capacities to carry out daily act.
Life expectancy
average length of time and in. Is expected to live.
Marriage
lifelong commitment between a husband and a wife
Emotional intimacy
is the state of being emotionally connected to another person
Emotional maturity
the ability to assess a relationship or situation and to act according to what is best for oneself and for the other person
Divorce
a legal end to a marriage
Parental responsibility
the duty of a parent to proved for the physical, financial, emotional, and mental needs of the child
Discipline
the act of teaching a child through correction, direction, and rules
Siblings
brothers and sisters
Nuclear family
consists of a family in which a mother, father, and one or more children live together
Extended family
the people who are outside the nuclear family but are related to the nuclear family.
Family counseling
involves counseling to improve relationships. '
Sperm
sex cells that are produces by the male reproductive organs called testes.
Egg
sex cells produced by the female reproductive organs called ovaries.
Fertilization
the process by which a sperm and an egg and their genetic material combine to create a new human life.
Testes
the male reproductive organs that make sperm and testosterone
Penis
the male reproductive organ that removes urine from the males body and that can deliver sperm to the female reproductive system
Semen
mixture of sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive organs
Ovary
female reproductive organ that produces organs that produce eggs and estrogen.
Vagina
the female reproductive organ that connects the outside of the body to the uterus and that receives sperm during reproduction
Fallopian tubes
the female reproductive organs that transport an egg from the ovary to the uterus
Uterus
the female reproductive organ that provides a place to support a developing human
Menstrual cycle
a monthly series of hormone-controlled changes that prepare the uterine lining for a pregnancy
Sexual intercourse
the reproductive process in which the penis is inserted into the vagina and through which a new human life may begin.
Embryo
a developing human through the first 8 weeks.
Placenta
the blood vessel-rich organ that forms in the mother's uterus and that provides nutrients and oxygen to and removes wastes from the developing human.
Fetus
a developing human from the start to the ninth month until delivery.
Parental care
the healthcare provided for a woman during her pregnancy.
Sexual activity
any activity that includes intentional sexual contact for the purpose of sexual arousal.
Abstinence
the conscious decision not to participate in sexual activity and the skills to support the decision
STD
an infectious disease that is spread by sexual contact.
Protective factor
anything that decreases the likelihood of someone engaging in a risky behavior.
Epidemic
STDs are considered an epidemic among teens and young adults
Asymptomatic
showing no signs of a disease or disorder even though it may be present.
PID , gonorrhea, syphilis, HPV
the four most common baterial STDs