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Lifestyle disease

cause partly by unhealthy behaviors and party by other behaviors

Risk factor

anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems


not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis


the state of well being in which all of the components of health; physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and envio are in balance


strong belief or ideal


achievement of a person's overall health

Health literacy

knowledge of health information needed to make good choices about your health.

Public health

practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community


to speaks out or argues in favor of something.


created to educate people about an issue.

Life Skills

tools for building a health life


dealing with troubles or problems in an effective way.


results of actions are decisions


Public forms of communication


something you can use to help achieve a goal.


a person who buys products or services.


to work together with one or more people.

Peer pressure

a feeling that you should do something because that is what your friends want

Direct pressure

the pressure that results from someone doing something who tires to convince you to do something you normally would not do.

Indirect pressure

the pressure that results from being swayed to do something because people you look up to are doing it.

Refusal skill

strategies to avoid doing something you don't want to do.

Self esteem

A measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident of one.


A measure of how one views his/herself.


The Characteristic of doing what is right.


A person who has a communication style that does not offer opposition when challenged or pressured.


To be hostile; unfriendly.


to express oneself in a direct, respectful way.


the ability to understand another person's feelings or behaviors.

Mental health

state of mental-health, which one can cope with the demands of daily life.


achievement of the best a person can be


feeling that is produces in response to life experiences.

Defense mechanism

an unconscious thought or behavior used to avoid experiencing unpleasant emotions.

Mental disorder

an illness that affects a person's thoughts and actions.


change that a person notices in his or her body or mind


sadness and hopelessness that keep a person from carrying out every day actvities.


The body and mind's response to a demand.


any situation that puts a demand on the body or mind.


One of the hormones that are released by the body in times of stress


positive stress


Negative stresses that can make a person sick or keep a person from reaching a goal.


the ability to recover form an illness, hardship, and or other stresses/


A skill or resource that can help reaches a goal.


To arranges items in order of importance.


To express deep sadness.


A ceremony that is held to allow family and friends to view or watch over the deceased person before the funeral.


A ceremony in which a deceased person is buried or cremated.

Memorial Service

A ceremony to remember the deceased person.


The act of intentionally taking ones own life.


any physical force that is used to harm people or damage property.


the ability to overlook differences and accept who they are


scaring or controlling another person by using threats or physical force/


a bargain or compromise for a peaceful solution to a conflict

Peer mediation

a technique in which a trained outsider who is our age helps people in a conflict come to a peaceful resolution


occurs when a caretaker fails to provide basic needs.


a physical or emotional harm to someone.

Domestic violence

The use of force to control and maintain power over a spouse in the home


harassing newcomers to a group in an abusive and humiliation way.

Sexual abuse

any sexual act without consent


sexual activity between family members who are not husband and wife.

Sexual harassment

any unwanted remark, behavior, or touch that has sexual content.

Sexual assault

Any sexual activity in which force or threat of force is used.

Date rape

sexual intercourse that is forced on a victim by someone the victim knows.

Physical fitness

the ability of the body to carry out daily physical activities without getting out of breath, sore, or overly tired.

Chronic disease

a disease that develops gradually and continues over a long period of time

Health related-fitness

describes qualities that are needed to maintain and promote a healthy body


number of times the heart beats per minute

Target heart rate zone

normally between 60 and 85 percent of your maximum heart rate.


formula made up of four important parts of fitness training.


number of times and exercise is repeated.


a set number of repetitions followed by a resting period


a state in which the body has lost more water then has been taken in.


exceeding of the FITT formula

Dietary supplement

any product that is taken by mouth that can contain a dietary ingredient.

Anabolic steroids

synthetic versions of the male hormone.

Sleep deprivation

lack of sleep

Circadian rhythm

the body's internal system for regulating sleeping and waking patterns


An inability to sleep even if one is physically exhausted

Sleep apnea

A serious sleeping disorder in which there are interruptions in normal breathing patterns during sleep.


the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food.


substances in food that provide energy or help form tissues


a class of energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber


a class of energy-giving nutrients


a class of nutrients made up of amino acids


a class of nutrients that contain carbon and are needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth.


are a class of nutrients that are chemical elements that are needed for certain processes.

Nutrient deficiency

the state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health.


are the recommended nutrient intakes that will meet the needs of almost all health people


recommended daily amounts of a nutrient that are used on food labels to help people see how a food fits into their diet.

Food guide pyramid

a visual tool for planning your diet that divides foods into six food groups

Nutrient density

a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides.


a diet in which few or no animal products are eaten.


the body's physical response to the need for food.


the desire, rather than the need, to eat certain foods


the minimum amount of energy required to keep the body alive when in a rested and fasting state


heavy for one's weight


the state of having excess body fat for one's weight


passing down of traits from parent to child

Body composition

measure of the proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to bone and muscle.


an index of weight in relation to height that is used to assess healthy body weight

Weight management

program of sensible eating and exercise habits that will help keep your weight a ta healthy level

Fad diet

diet that requires major changes in your eating habits.

Body image

How you see and feel about your appearance.

Anorexia nervosa

eating disorder that involves starvation and low body weight.

Bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder in which the individual repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then vomits or uses laxatives.

Binge eating

eating of a large amount of food in one sitting


behavior that involves vomiting or misusing laxities to rid the body of food

Food allergy

an abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the body's immune system

Lactose intolerance

a reduced ability to digest the milk sugar lactose

Food-borne illness

an illness caused by eating or drinking a food that contains toxins or diseases


the transfer of contaminates from one food to another


drug found in beer, wine, and liquor that causes intoxication


the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol produced my drinking alcohol.


any substance that causes a change in a persons physical or psychological state


any drug that is used to cure, prevents, or treats an illness.

Side effect

any effect that is caused by drug and that is different from the intentional effect


a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine


medicines that can be bought without a prescription


drugs and medicines that affect the brain and change how we think, or feel.

Generic medicine

a medicine that is made by accompany other than the company that developed the original medicine

Active ingredient

the chemical component that gives a medicine its action

Drug interactions

occur when a drug reacts with another drug, food, or dietary supplement to increase or decrease the effect of one of the substances

Drug tolerance

develops after repeated drug use when the user finds that it takes more of a drug to feel the same effect felt when first using the drug.


amount of alcohol in a person's blood.

Binge Drinking

the act of drinking 5 or more drinks in one setting


disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue

Alcohol abuse

drinking to much alcohol


a disease that causes a person to lose control of his or her drinking behavior


helping an addict avoid negative consequences of his or her behavior.


condition in which a family member or friend sacrifices his or her own needs to meet the needs of an addict.


set of physical or mental defects that affect a fetus that has been exposed to alcohol syndrome

Designated driver

A person who chooses not to drink in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive him himself or herself and others


the addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products


chemicals or agents that cause cancer


sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of airways and that contains many carcinogens

Carbon monoxide

a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the bloodstream.


a respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of the lungs because alveoli become blocked or lose their elasticity

Side stream smoke

the smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe

Mainstream smoke

smoke that is inhaled through a tobacco product and exhaled by a tobacco smoker.

Environmental tobacco smoke

a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and side stream smoke.


a from of medicine that delivers a small amount of nicotine to the body to help a person quit smoking.

Drug abuse

the international improper or usage use of a drug


taking of too much of a drug, which causes sickness, loss of consciousness, permanent health damage, or even death


the dried flowers and leaves from the plant Cannabis sativa.


drugs that are inhaled as vapors

Club drugs

are drugs designed to closely resemble common illegal drugs

Anabolic steroids

are synthetic versions of the male hormone testorerone


are drugs that temporarily increase a person's energy and alertness


drugs that cause relaxation and sleepiness


are a group of highly addictive drugs derived from the poppy plant that are used as pain relievers, anesthetics, and sedatives

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