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Fentin Chapter 14 Colin Coles
Terms in this set (58)
the selling or buying of a position in a Christian Church
relating to a style of church architecture that developed in Medieval Europe. featuring ribbed vaults, stained glass windows, flying buttresses, pointed arches, and tall apires.
issued a call for a "holy war", a crusade to gain control of the Holy Land
Most respected Muslim leader in the 1100s. Wished to chase the Crusaders back to their own territory.
Richard the Lion-Hearted
The English King
a long effort by the Spanish to drive the Muslims out of Spain
one of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
a Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of Heresy- especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s
a medieval association of people working at the same occupation, which controlled its members' wages and prices
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farmland was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these were successively planted with a winter crop, and left unplanted
the expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries
a medieval merchant-class town dweller
the everyday language of people in a region or country
a scholar who argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by logical arguments.
scholars who gathered and taught at medieval European universities
William the Conqueror
Conquered England in 1066
English king added to holidays by marrying Eleanor of Aquitaine from France
a unified body of law formed from rulings of England's royal judges hat serves as the basis for law in many English speaking countries today, including the United States.
"Great Charter"- a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John in A.D 1215
a body of representatives that makes laws for a nation
undistinguished duke from the Middle of France; succeded Louis the sluggard
One of the most powerful Capetians who ruled from 1180-1223
an assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France.
a city in France where popes would live for the next 69 years.
during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome; split in a church
English man who preached that Jesus Christ, Not the pope was the true head of the church.
a professor in Bohemia, taught that the authority of the bible was higher than that of the pope.
a deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid 14th century, killing millions of people. 1/3 of the population died
Hundred Years' War
a conflict in which England and France battled on French soil on and off from 1337 to 1453. Edward the 3rd launched it which bought a change in warfare.
Joan of Arc
a teenage French peasant girl who felt moved from God to rescue France from its English Conquerors.
Pope Leo IX
One of the popes that enforced church laws against simony and the marriage of priests
St. Francis Assisi
Founder of the Franciscans and a founder of poor Clares
30,000 in the year 1212 trying to recapture Jerusalem
In Spain these called Muslims controlled most of the country until the 1100s
Pope Gregory XI
Issued a bull that set up the tribunal court system to try heretics
established in 1481 by Ferdinand & Isabella
bloody massacre Jews were subjected to
1492- Ordered Jews to leave Spain
The leader of the Greek orthodox church that asked Urban II for help
What was at stake in the crusade
Pope Urban II
This pope issued a plead that resulted in the first crusade;
Today known as Istanbul
The first enemy city confronted by the crusades
Planned a a surprise attack of the crusades with 50,000 soldiers
Battle of Dorylaeum
Between the Seljuk Turks and the crusades in 1097 |Major battle of the Crusades|
The city targeted by Baldwin during the crusades
The city attacked after Edessa and was considered almost equal to Jerusalem
He was the Seljuk leader of Antioch
Christians would committ the most evil atrocity of the crusades
The pope that moved from Rome to Avignon
Machine gun of middle ages
In this battle the longbow not Chivalry won the day
Merchants (Related to the bubonic plague)
Helped spread the plague
Pope Innocent IV
allowed the use of torture
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