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Unit 3 Quiz: Development of US Government
Terms in this set (35)
The original states : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia.
British colonies located along the Atlantic Ocean in North America.
Self-reliance and freedom from outside control. Being self governing.
As a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth.
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
The rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
The right of states to limit the power of the federal government.
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
Supporters of the U.S. Constitution at the time the states were contemplating its adoption.
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the states were contemplating its adoption.
People who opposed the Constitution.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Courts are independent of rulers, so they are more fair.
A system of judges and courts that is separate from other branches of government.
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
Review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
Federal vs. State
-U.S. Constitution: To promote the general welfare
-Reserve clause: Since health is not mentioned in the Constitution, primary responsibility belongs to the states
-Interstate commerce clause justifies federal role in some cases
-Power to tax and spend is widely used by federal government to control public health policy
President's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature.
Power of the executive branch to forgive a person of a crime and prevent the person from being re-tried.
A forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.
Makes laws, imposes taxes, and declares war
has the power to make (enact) the law.
The branch of government that raises revenue and is allowed to spend money and fund the government.
The branch of government that carries out laws.
Power to execute or carry out laws, command the military, make treaties, appoint the military, make treaties, appoint federal judges and ambassadors, grant pardons and reprieves for federal crimes, veto legislation, call special sessions of congress, and report on the State of the Union.
Interpret federal laws and U.S. Constitution, review the decisions of lower state and federal courts.
Interprets the constitution and other laws, reviews lower-court decisions. Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
Supreme Court Justices
9 justices, lifetime appointment, nominated by the president, approved by the Senate.
Decisions are legally binding.
President of the US
Head of the Executive Branch, serves 4 year terms, can serve max of 2 terms.
In charge of foreign politics. Can sign bills into laws but not make their own.
The legislature of the United States government, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Represents the citizens and makes laws.
Meeting in Philadelphia during 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirteen original states to write the Constitution of the United States after revising the Articles of Confederation.
Declaration of Independence
The document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain.
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War that gave power to the states and limited federal control.
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, provide specific freedoms and protections to citizens.
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soilders in their own homes.
1765; law that taxed paper printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea.
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans.
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
First US Ally int he war for independence
Siege of Yorktown
1781 battle in which French and American forces encircled and trapped British General Cornwallis's army, forcing the surender of 8,000 troops. Ended the war.
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
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