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If a reaction in one direction releases energy, the reaction in the opposite direction does what? (2)
What is the term used to describe the energy needed to get a reaction started? (2)
The following is a food chain: algae > Zooplankton > Small fishes > Squid > Shark. What are algae called? (3)
Which of the following is NOT found in the nucleus: cytoplasm, nucleolus, chromatin, DNA?(7)
Which of the following is an organ of the digestive system: stomach, nerve tissue, muscle cell, epithelial tissue? (7)
List the three things that affect the rate at which photosynthesis occurs? (8)
a shortage of sunlight, water, temperature
Name the stage of cellular aerobic respiration that takes place in the cytoplasm. (9)
citric acid production
What did Griffith observe when he injected heat-killed disease causing bacteria and live harmless bacteria into mice? (14)
What happens during the process of translation? (14)
the cell uses information from mRNA to produce proteins
When lions prey on a herd of antelope, some of the antelope are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin's concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation? (15)
survival of the fittest
List three concepts of the modern theory of evolution. (15)
decent with modification, natural selection, competion among members of a population
What contribution was made by Charles Lyell? (15)
helped scientists recognize that the earth was billions of years old
What is an adaptation according to Darwin? (15)
an inherited characteristic that increases an organisms chance of survival
What contribution did Thomas Malthus make to Darwin's theory of evolution? (15)
darwin saw that was malthus was correctly identifing things
Traditional classifications tend to take into account primarily what? (18)
similarities in body shape
Organisms in the kingdoms Eubacteria and Archaebacteria were previously grouped in a kingdom called ______________. (18)
Why do biologists use a classification system to group organisms? (18)
to study the diversity of life
Animals that are warm-blooded have body hair, and produce milk are grouped into what class? (18)
What do scientists consider when they perform cladistics analysis? (18)
they identify those characteristics of evolutionary innovation
List three ways humans can use bacteria to their benefit. (19)
they are used in the production of food and drinks, digesting petroleum, synthesize drugs and chemicals
What are multicellular protists and unicellular protists grouped together? (20)
they are two similar to be different kingdoms
In an amoeba, what do you call the small cavity within the cytoplasm that stores food? (20)
List the characteristics of an animal. (26)
multicellular, eukaryotic heterotroph, whose cells lack cell walls
What are the specialized cells that use flagella to move a steady current of water through a sponge? (26)
Name the process by which organ systems maintain a relative constant internal environment. (35)
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