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23 terms

Pharmacolgy chapter 29

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Aerobic
organisms that need oxygen to survive
Anaerobic
Organisms that live in the absence of oxygen
Binary fission
Method of reproduction by which a single cell divides into two separate cells
Biology
The study of life
Enzyme
A protein that speeds up a reaction; reducing the amount of energy needed to make that action; a biological catalyst.
Facultative anaerobe
an organism that can live with or without oxygen
Heterotrophic
The ability to reproduce asexually
Microbial
MIcroorganisms, not visible without a microscope.
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms
Morphology
Appearance and Grain stain characteristics of an organism; studying organism without studying the function of them
Peptidoglycan
The substance that comprises bacterial cell walls, specifically of gram-negative or gram-positive microbes
Species
Latin meaning "kind"
Taxonomy
The science of classification and nomenclature of organisms
Vector
An entity by which infections are transferred, but the entity of transference does not have the disease and does not need to be living
Virology
Study of viruses
Virus
An organism that replicates by using the host's cell parts, including DNA, ribosomes and proteins
Spontaneous generation
The idea that some organisms were generated from other organisms or their by products
Robert Hooke
Invented the first microscope
Antoni van Leewenhoek
Created a more sophisticated microscope in 1674
The Five Kingdoms
Pnatae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Monera
Robert Whittaker
Conceived the idea of the Five Kingdoms
Entameoba histolytica
A parisitic organism that feeds on red blood cells.
Trichomonas vaginalis
A protazoan that causes infection in the urinary tract of males and females.