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Lit Comp Midterm Study Guide Revolutionary Writing
Terms in this set (39)
the recurrence of words, phrases, or lines, in a speech or a piece of writing.
Ex: the war in inevitable-and let it come! I repeat, sir, let it come!
a series of words, phrases, or sentences that have similar grammatical form.
Ex: declared too soon, or delayed too long.
a play made to an audiences sense of reason.
a reference in a speech or other work of literature to something else (a character from a movie or other piece of literature, a place, a historic event, music, a piece of art, another work of literature.)
Ex: we are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren, til she transforms us into beasts.
a plea that speaks to the audiences hearts.
Ex: strong, powerful, tragic, equality, and freedom.
a brief saying or phrase that expresses an opinion or makes a statement of wisdom without the flowery language of a proverb.
Ex: Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered.
a question someone asks without expecting an answer. The question might not have an answer, or it might have an obvious question.
Ex: when shall we be stronger?
It was about this time I conceived the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection. I wished to live without committing any fault at any time; I would conquer all that either natural inclination, custom, or company might lead me into. As I knew, or thought I knew, what was right and wrong, I didn't see why might I might not always do the one and avoid the other. But soon I had found and undertaken a task of more difficulty than bad imagined. While my care was employed guarding against one fault, I was often surprised by another; habit took the advantage of inattention; inclination was someone inclination was sometimes too strong for reason. I concluded at length, that the mere speculative conviction that it was our interest to be completely virtuous, was not sufficient to prevent our slipping; and that the contrary habits must be broken, and good ones acquired and established, before we can have any dependence on a steady, uniform rectitude or conduct. For this purpose I therefore contrived the method.
Question: based on his daily scheme, it can be assumed that Franklin most valued
accomplishing good things
Eat not to dullness, drink not to elevation- don't overdue it.
Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation- don't join another person's conversation.
Let all your things have their places; let each part of its business have its time- keep up with your stuff.
Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail; what you resolve- do what you say you are.
Make no expenses but to do good to others or yourself; ie waste nothing- waste no money.
Loose no time; be always employed in something useful, cut off all unnecessary actions- manage your time wisely.
Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly; and if you speak speak accordingly- let it be true.
Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty- don't mistreat person
Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve- take risks
Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation- take care of yourself.
Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable- remain calm
Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or reputation- don't hoar around.
Imitate Jesus and Socrates-be humble, don't flaunt.
Franklin is rational in his thought process, as shown in his well thought out plan.
Franklin devotes a week to each of the virtues, believing that if he can strengthen one virtue through strict attention, he can retain that strength when he works on the other virtues. What does this most likely imply about Franklin's character?
Logical and orderly
The list of virtues that Franklin draws up suggests that he was
When Franklin first devised his project to attain moral perfection, he thought it would be difficult but possible to become perfect. What quality does this suggest that Franklin possessed?
Franklin's aphorisms appeared in Poor Richards Amanack as well as other writing's. As you read the following aphorisms in these questions, consider what message Franklin is trying to convey. In the aphorism he that lies down with dogs shall rise up with fleas, dogs represent?
In comparison to other books about Franklin, the autobiography probably gives readers the best insight into
Your abilities are not worth much if you do not develop and use them.
Which of the following statements best explains the meaning of the aphorism genius without education is like silver in the mine.
A tiny ember left unextinguished causes a great forest fire.
Which of these experiences best illustrates the meaning of Franklin's aphorism a small leak will sink a great ship?
To convey general insights or truths.
Based on aphorisms shown in the questions above, what is the overall purpose of Franklin's aphorisms in poor richards almanack?
Brief and witty
Based on the aphorisms shown in the questions above, the style that Franklin used when writing poor richards almanack was
The colonists must endure
What is the main message Paine tries to convey through the crisis?
He hoped to incite fury so the colonists would unite and fight for their rights.
Paine justifies America's war against the British, comparing it to a man defending his property from a thief. What action was Paine likely searching for in using this metaphor?
Which of the following words would Paine most probably use to describe the situation at the time that he wrote this essay?
If you gain something too easily, it will not seem that important to you
What general observation does Paine express in the statement What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly?
Those who support the Revolution only when it is convenient.
Paine uses "summer soldier" and "sunshine patriot" to refer to
Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery.
In which of these sentences does Henry appeal to emotions in order to persuade his audience that the time for action is at hand?
The war with Britain.
What is the "storm" that Henry predicts is approaching?
Henry's tone or attitude in this speech could best be described as
The colonists must fight for their freedom from Britain.
Which of the following is the main idea of this speech?
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