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Carbon Cycle Terms
Carbon cycle introduction project--terms to know.
Terms in this set (51)
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other forms of matter are passed from one organism to another and from one part of the biosphere to another
Plant materials and animal waste used especially as a source of fuel.
All life forms on Earth
Plants (flora) and animals (fauna) living in a region
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
All living things, whether plant or chemical contain:
the number scientists say represents how much CO2 the atmosphere can hold before the harmful effects of global warming become unstopable
A primary greenhouse gas that gets emitted through human activities and mainly through the burning of fossil fuels.
carbon dioxide fertilization
Increased plant growth due to a higher carbon dioxide concentration.
carbon dioxide weather
becomes dissoved in rainwater making carbonic acid.
The incorporation of CO2 into organic compounds.
The removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
places of carbon accumulation, such as in large forests (organic compound) or ocean sediments (Calcium carbonate); carbon is thus removed from the carbon cycle for moderately long to very long periods of time
Any activity that emits Carbon Dioxide. (Automobiles, factories, fires...)
A chemical reaction that breaks down compounds into simpler products., - The breaking down of organic matter.
Destruction of forests
Conversion of productive lands to desert
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
dissolved carbon dioxide
travels in plasma to the lungs and is exhaled,
in the ocean, what form is carbon in?
, Transport of Carbon dioxide in blood.
gases released into the air, especially by cars and factories
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
(n.) - a state of constant change or a flow
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and ozone in the atmosphere which are involved in the greenhouse effect.
rich, dark organic material formed by decay of vegetable matter, essential to soil's fertility
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of which is in oceans
A-biotic - this is the carbon often known as C02. This is the carbon in the air. Inorganic carbon is used by plants with water and sunlight to make sugar (organic carbon = biotic) . Humans exhale (breath out) C02.
long term carbon cycle
CO2 cycles through the atmosphere, crust, and ocean. This cycle is the thermostat that regulates our climate
Petroleum, Natural Gas, Coal, Uranium, Propane, they can not be replenished, fuels which cannot be replaced
chemical weathering carbon dioxide dissolves in water, carbonic acid is formed creating chemical changes.
Relating mainly to carbon compounds derived from biological sources. Also refers to carbon sources other than simple carbonates and carbon dioxide, such as hydrocarbons.
Ground that is permanently frozen
An organism that harnesses light energy to drive the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxide.
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
~50% of earths primary production is through _________ in the _______, A PROCESS OCCURRING IN PLANTS, ALGAE, AND SOME BACTERIA THAT TRAPS THE SUN'S ENERGY AND CONVERTS IT TO ATP IN THE CELL.
Fuels that are able to be used again, wind, solar, hydrogen, etc.. does not cause climate change
The average time a given molecule of water will stay in a given water source
Animals take in oxygen and give off waste gases. For instance, a fish uses its gills to extract oxygen from the water. Bubbles are evidence that waste gases are expelled.
Plants respire carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. They take in Carbon Dioxide and release Oxygen.
decompostion of organic material in the soil that produces carbon dioxide that can escape to the atmosphere or be dissolved in groundwater
short term carbon cycle
Plants convert carbon in the air to organic matter
, Compound that results from the combination of carbon dioxide and water
A type of bacteria that breaks down inorganic compounds to create energy.
A combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another compound to form water and carbon dioxide. These reactions are exothermic, meaning they produce heat. An example of this kind of reaction is the burning of napthalene
dissolves into the ocean
The outermost layer of the Earth that is composed of soil.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biology Chapter 9
IB Biology HL Topic 8
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