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AP Gov Unit 2
Terms in this set (44)
A marginal district is one in which
the winner in an election gets less than 55% of the vote
Which of the following statements about revenue bill is correct?
They must originate in the House
The role of a conference committee in Congress is to
reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate
Congressional standing committees are best described as
permanent subject-matter committees
Which of the following forms an "iron triangle"?
Executive department, Congressional committee, interest group
A "cloture motion" passed in the Senate does which of the following?
Cuts off debate on a bill
The Office of Management and Budget has the primary responsibility for doing which of the following?
Preparing the budget
Each state has ______ senators, each of whom serves a ______-year term
Members of the House are apportioned to states based on __________. They serve __________-year terms.
Why were Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton impeached but not removed from office?
The House officially charged them with wrong-doing, but a Senate trial failed to convict them
According to the trustee model of representation legislators are entrusted to _______.
use their judgement when making decisions
What is the purpose of a discharge petition?
to force a vote on a House bill that is otherwise stuck in committee
What is an example of logrolling in Congress?
supporting someone else's bill in exchange for future support of your bill
A ________ is a tactic used to inform the leadership that a senator may have objections to a bill
To execute this power, the president is required to receive a two-thirds approval vote from the Senate
negotiation of treaties with other nations
Presidents often use _______ to sidestep to constitutional "advice and consent" of the Senate that is required for formal ratification of treaties.
Under the spoils system, who was awarded jobs in the federal bureaucracy?
those who helped candidates win elections
________ are rules created by government agencies that determine how laws are implemented.
Under amendments to the Hatch Act, federal employees are prohibited from
running for partisan office
Which of the following is an example of the merit system?
agencies hiring people based on their performance on entrance exams
A writ of ___________ is a request submitted to the US Supreme Court to review a lower court decision
A(n) ___________ brief provides legal rationale of an interest group in hopes of swaying the Supreme Court's decision
Which of the following can modify or reverse a decision of the Supreme Court?
If a judge believes that she should only strike down laws that clearly violate the Constitution, she likely believes in which of the following?
A senator realizes a Senate vote on an immigration bill is coming up. The senator examines public opinion polls on the issue and carefully reads her inbox for constituents' views on the bill and the issue. The senator is following which model of representation?
Which of the following statements about congressional reapportionment and redistricting is true?
districts must be drawn so that, within a state, every person's vote is roughly equal to every other person's vote
Which of the following powers did President Obama use in the scenario?
The informal power to issue an executive order
Which of the following is the best argument that President Obama exceeded his authority in the situation described?
the action expands presidential power beyond its constitutional limits
Which of the following cases could be used as precedent in the Shelby ruling?
Baker v. Carr (1962)
Which of the following is an example of judicial review by the Supreme Court?
overturning a president's executive order about immigration because the order violates the Constitution
Why is Marbury v. Madison significant?
It established the power of judicial review, affirming that the Supreme Court is coequal with other branches
What is the most logical inference from the table, using date from the five years shown?
The Supreme Court has been accepting fewer cases for review
Which of the following best describes an inference that can be drawn from the table?
The Justices have decided over time that they should devote more of their limited resources to resolving a smaller number of increasingly hard cases
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the US House of Representatives and the US Senate?
Which of the following statements best summarizes the author's argument?
People are protected from a dangerous president by elections every four years and a process the legislature can undertake
Which amendment to the Constitution has made some of the arguments in the passage above moot or irrelevant
Which type of power did President Trump exert in issuing this executive order?
Which of the following describes President Trump's perspective in the executive order?
people who have already immigrated from the named countries may be untrustworthy
With which statement would supporters of this executive order most likely agree?
the president should make protecting the nation from foreign terrorism a top priority
Which of the following accurately describes the data presented in the table?
homeland security was a high federal priority requiring many workers during these years
What conclusion can you draw form the patterns of change represented in the table?
the size of the federal bureaucracy is fairly stable
Select the pair of answers that best explains why the incumbency advantage is higher in the House of Representatives than it is in the Senate
Select the pair of examples that matches the presidential role with the correct enumerated constitutional power
Select the pair of answers that matches a branch of government with the correct check on the bureaucracy
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