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63 terms

ss exam 4 voc

STUDY
PLAY
normalcy
returning the country to stability and prosperity; getting things back to the way they were before WWI
teapot dome scandal
a scandal under harding's administration in which government officials were accused of taking bribes to allow oil to be mined from federal lands; example of how president harding was seen and remembered as
model t
a sturdy and reliable car built by henry ford
assembly line
a system begun by henry ford to decrease the time it took to make cars that used conveyer belts to move parts and partly assembled cars from one group of workers to another. workers would stay in place
flappers
young women that cut their hair short and wore makeup and short dresses, opened to challenge traditional ideas of womanhood by going to bars, smoking, drinking, going to speakeasies, etc; spirited young women of 20s who bobbed their hair, wore short dresses above the knee, masculine behavior, which showed a rebellious attitude
red scare
a widespread fear of communism and communists
prohibition
the outlaw of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages; 18th amendment
speakeasies
illegal bars where liquor was sold
bootleggers
seized control of illegal alcohol business; they made their own alcohol, or smuggled it from canada or mexico; transported it to speakeasies
2st amendment
repeal of 18th amendment because of the increase in crime and didn't do what they wanted; didn't stop americans from drinking
scope's trial
a highschool science teacher was put on trial for teaching evolution which is gradual changes of a species (humans) overtime; tennessee people were fundamentalists
talkie
motion picture with sound
jazz age
an explosion in the popularity of jazz music, new orleans, bend of rag time and blues
"buying on margin"
the process of purchasing stock with credit, hoping to sell at a high enough price to pay the loan and make a profit
black tuesday
one of the largest us stock market drops, so many people wanted to sell their stocks, and so few wanted to buy that the stock prices collapsed; everyone was selling but no one was buying worst day of stock market; great depression began
business cycle
the rhythm in which an economy expands and contracts its production; ups and downs of economy
boom
when things were good
bust
when things were bad
great depression
a severe economic crisis that lasted for the entire decade of the 1930s
"the only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
a quote by roosevelt in his first inaugural address in which he explained that it was only feat of the future that could keep americans from moving forward; economy would recover
new deal
roosevelt's legislative plan to end the great depression that included dramatic reforms of government agencies and powers; new programs to battle the depression and aid economic recovery; relief, recovery, and reform
fireside chat
radio programs in which roosevelt explained his plan for recovery from the great depression in which he spoke directly to the american people; spoke in friendly family style
civilian conservation corps
provided jobs for hundreds of thousands of people through projects such as planting trees and improving national parks; hired by federal government
civil works administration
employed more than 4 million americans building roads and airports
tennessee valley authority
a governmental agency designed to bring jobs by building dams and generators, bringing electricity to rural areas of the tennesee river valley
works progress administration
governmental agency to provide jobs for unemployed americans which employed some 8.5 million people of tens of thousands of projects all over the country building bridges, parks, roads, airports, museums, etc.
social security act
provided some financial security for the elderly, the disabled, children, and the unemployed; the pension plan: to help pay for these programs, the law placed a new tax on workers and employers
national labor relations board
passed in response of the fact that the supreme court declared the national industrial recovery act unconstitutional; sometimes called the wagner act after its sponsor, senator robert f. wagner of new york; it allowed workers to join labor unions and take part in collective bargaining; TO OVERSEE UNION ACTIVITIES
dust bowl
parts of the great plains that were swept by massive dust storms and suffered a severe drought; drought lasted for years; about 50 million acres were covered; over planting may have led to this
Nazis
hitler's national socialist german worker's party
appeasement
a policy of avoiding war with an aggressive nation by giving in to its demands
pearl harbor
us naval base in Hawaii that bombed by japan and most airplanes ad ships were destroyed.
"a date which will live in infamy"
told through radio chats by fdr in which he asked congress to declare war on Japan
internment
forced relocation and Japanese-americans imprisoned; interned because of fear; over 100,000
d-day
major invasion by US of german-occupied france; largest sea to land invasion
bataan death march
a forced march of american and filipino soldiers captured when trying to escape by the japanese bataan peninsula to prison camps; marched over 60 miles
iwo jima
one of the war's fiercest battles; last a month; japanese were dug into caves; solders were constructed to fight until death; US victory
holocaust
a program of mass murder in which the Nazis and Hitler tried to kill all Jaws in the name of Aryan supremacy (perfect race); 6 million jews murdered
genocide
the extermination of an entire group of people
atomic bomb
bomb used on Japan which forced them to surrender; produce radiation
USS Missouri
treaty that ended WWII was signed on board of the ....
bay of pigs
cuban exiles landed by boat here in a plan to overthrow castro from office; castro's forces quickly responded, killing many people; US had supported the cuban exiles; disastrous invasion attempt supported by US
cuban missile crisis
a threat to national security that occurred when the soviet union placed nuclear missiles in cuba; the US navy formed a blockade around cuba to prevent soviet ships from bringing in more weapons; kennedy demanded that the soviet union turned around with missiles or there would be war; soviet union turned around
26th amendment
lowered the federal voting age from 21 to 18
watergate
five reporters were arrested while breaking in to the democratic national committee's offices; a scandal in which nixon resigned being accused of illegal activity; kennedy knew about it
iran hostage crisis
iranian students attacked the US embassy in Tehran, the capital of iran, seizing about 90 american hostages; lasted 444 days; released on ronald raegan's unaguration
berlin wall
a barrier between communist east and west berlin; stood as a symbol of cold war
520
richard nixon was reelected president with ___ electoral votes
525
ronald raegan was reelected president with ___ electoral votes
nationalism
a strong sense of pride and loyalty to one's nation or culture
militarism
the aggressive strengthening of armed forces. It was very common in Europe at the moment because of nationalism
trench warfare
defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches. ankle deep mud, narrow trenches, spread of disease, and freezing cold weather
dog fights
first time airplanes would fight in a war
stalemate
a situation in which neither side can win a decisive victory
U-boats
German submarines that launched torpedoes against allied supply ships, causing heavy losses
Lusitania
a British ocean liner that was sunk by a German U-boat. This incident fueled anti-German feeling in the US
Zimmermann Note
A secret telegram to Mexico sent by the German cabinet member in which he promised that Germany would help Mexico recapture areas that Mexico had lost during the Mexican-American War.
selective service act
required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register to be drafted
communists
people who favor the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property. The government has control of economy and people's life.
armistice
end of WWI. truce or cease-fire agreement between warring nations
Wilson's fourteen points
Woodrow Wilson's idea. List of specific proposals for postwar peace. League of Nations was one of them
League of Nations
International assembly of nations that settle international disputes and encourage democracy. Part of Wilson's plan. Part of the treaty that ended WWI. President Harding would reject this.
reparations
payments for war damages. Were set at $33 billion. Germany had to pay but never did