Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (26)
is the process of reinforcing behaviors that increasingly approximate a desired behavior.
a new response to an old stimulus
also called instrumental conditioning
adds a positive incentive for repeated behavior
takes away a negative state to increase behavoir
Presenting a stimulus that increases the probability of the behavior that came before it. (giving a reward for a behavior)
Primary reward conditioning (primary reinforcer)
the simplest kind of conditioning. the learned response is instrumental in obtaining a biologically significant reinforcer, such as food or a drink of water
(primary reinforcer- air, water, food, shelter)
Removing an aversive stimulus (something that causes pain or anxiety), which increases the probability of the behavior preceding it. negative reinforcement takes away something bad!
Examples of Negative reinforcement
Rat learns to push button when being shocked to stop the shock
using inhaler to remove unwanted bronchial constriction
Scratching an itch
the delivery of an aversive stimulus as the consequence of an action
Examples of positive punishment
Hit a dog on the nose for nipping at you; he stops nipping at you.
Putting a letter in student's file for being late to small group; they are no longer tardy for small group
taking away a positive stimulus as the consequence of an action
example of negative punishment
Taking the car away every time the teen comes home late, the teen will come home late less
Teen is caught underage drinking and gets grounded
Types of Scheduled Reinforcement
Fixed interval Variable interval
Reinforcement occurs after each response
A young girl receives a sticker on a chart for each morning she gets ready for school on time
Helps establish new behaviors but extinguishes quickly
reinforcement occurs after a fixed number of responses
A typist received a certain amount of money for each page typed
Produces a high response rate- but must only if the reinforcement is meaningful to the participant
R. occurs on a specified average number of responses
Slot machines are set to pay off on an average of a certain number of plays
Produces high rate of response. Resistant to extinction, because it is difficult to determine whether reinforcement has actually stopped or not
R. occurs after a fixed interval of TIME
A mother tells her son that she will check on him every 15 min. to see if he is doing his HW, if he is then he gets a reward.
Responses increase immediately before the reinforcement
R. occurs at a variable TIME interval.
Mother tells her son she will check on him at undetermined time intervals to see if he is working on HW
Produces slow, steady response rate
Reinforcement no longer occurs so behavior stops
temporary return of behavior in the absence of a reinforcer - will not continue unless reinforced again
gains reinforcing properties because of association with something already valued.
Money is the best example or coupon for free meal
"catch them being good"
Give a reward after a period of time in which the child does not do any "bad" behavior
If you want to see a behavior again, pay attention to it. If you want to discourage a behavior, ignore it.
Shaping clinical applications
successive approximation - training elements of complex behavior toward shaping a whole response.
Medical education: teaching from basics to details
uses positive secondary reinforcement; tokens can be exchanged for candy, privileges, etc.
Used by Sylvan learning centers, residential settings such as intellectual disability, traumatic brain injury
Discontinuing reinforcement so behavior stops
Time out with young children, being silent until patient stops yelling
A child is learning be being reinforced by the teacher's laughter to act in a funny way whenever the teacher calls on him in class. The teacher begins to ignore the child acting in a funny way and only smile at hime when he is behaving properly.
The ignoring of the "funny behavior" is an example of
b. negative feedback
d. adventitious reinforcement
e. positive reinforcement
Sets with similar terms
PSYCH 100 - FINAL EXAM (ch. 7)
PSY 101 Chapter 5
Behavior Modification: Chapter 4
Other sets by this creator
AP Psych Social Psychology
AP Psychology Personality
AP Psychology Language
AP Psychology Thought
Other Quizlet sets
fin3403 exam 4 conceptual
Human Geography: Exam 3 Homeworks; Zhang
PSY 210 - Chapter 8 LearnSmart
(FINAL) VIRAL GENETICS