Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
When a couple first has sexual intercourse after being wed
When a person observes SIL, redaction, etc. when reading scripture
aka pre-existent Christ
Council of Jerusalem
first Council called around 50 AD, determined that Gentiles could convert to Christianity without first becoming Jewish
Council of Nicea
meeting of bishops in 325 where they formulated the Nicene Creed
an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Gen. 15 Ex. Circumcision Something repeated in order to maintain a covenant
Cows of the Nile
When everything came into existence
a list of beliefs
was in jail with Joseph and the baker
the opposite of a blessing
Cut a Covenant
A ceremony that sealed an agreement or covenant. In this ritual, both parties would walk between the split carcasses of an animal(s) to pledge their life in faithfulness to the covenant.
Life repeats and a spirit is "recycled"
Cyrus of Persia
Persian king who defeated Babylonia and thereby freed the Jews. Responsible for the Diaspora
Son of Jacob and Bilhah
D of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym of the major prophets)
Signals the coming of God
2nd, and the greatest, king of the Isrealites
Days of Ornamentation
The last three days of Creation
Days of Separation
The first three days of Creation
Another name for the Ten Commandments
The belief in a God that does not reveal
The idea that the second coming would probably not occur within the lifetime of those waiting for it, but that it would in fact occur in the future.
Destruction of Jerusalem
term meaning "second canon," It includes the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, and parts of Esther and Daniel
Means "Second Isaiah"
Greek for "second law." 5th book of the Old Testament
the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.
The only daughter of Jacob who was raped
An example of this can be when the intestines of an animal that was cut during holocaust are thrown onto the ground and read to predict the future etc
a Greek word for a community of people; also means Church
adj of ecclesiology
the theological investigation into the nature and function of the Church
a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation
Brother of Jacob. Means "red and hairy"
The descendants of Esau
an ancient empire west of Israel
Means "God of Vision"
Means "God of the Mountian"
a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols. He challenged the prophets of Ba'al
a non writing prophet of the northern kingdom, carried on the mission of Elijah and performed many works of wonders and becomes known for his healing power
hebrew word for god as "Creator"
Means God is with us
Based on faith, not science
Youngest son of Joseph/Zapenath-Paneah and Asenath, his name means "God has made me fruitful"
Another name for Bethlehem
oldest son of Isaac; twin of Jacob; his name means "red and hairy"
adj. form of eschatology
the theological investigation into the nature and function of eschaton
The return of Christ, the end of the world, the apocalypse, the future
An apocalyptic group. They believed God would usher in his kingdom through a dramatic, even catastrophic event.
mother goddess born from chaos, in charge of all things, lays the 'Universal Egg of creation' on the ocean
Greek word which means "good news."
the opposite of the Good characteristic of God
an explanation of a text; a critical interpretation
To criticize or explain text
example for liberator and communal god
departure of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery under the leadership of Moses
the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities
To be kicked out of the community without food or shelter Ex. the Habiru
outside of the Bible and outside of the NT pointing to the existence of Jesus.
Another major prophet. E of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym) prophet who sees a valley full of dry bones, which he sees turned into "Sons of Abraham" before his eyes
sign to continue to the end of a chapter after a citation
derived from experience and reflection
Type of criticism which focuses on the structure, genre etc of text
Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
Four Key Points of Isaiah
1. the king is the agent of YHWH's righteousness 2. the king has superhuman qualities 3. the king receives the spirit of YHWH to make hima virtous ruler 4. the Messianic age will be a restoration of paradise
the citation of OT scripture in certain passages of Matthew, where the OT is said to have been "fulfilled" in something that Jesus did or experienced.
A literal take on scripture. Also known as literalism
Seventh son of Jacob who was mothered by Zilpah
The place in Israel where Jesus grew up.
Gen. 12: 10-20
Citation of the pericope of Abram and Sarai's time in Eygypt
"I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your offspring and hers. He will strike at your head while you strike at his heel."
Citation for covenant of circumsicion
Citation where Abraham is told to sacrifice Isaac
Citation of the call story of Abram
account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor
the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation. Means beginning or origin
"Let us make man in our image"
Prologue to the bible
A Christian that was not originally Jewish
The first son of Moses
Greek for knowledge
The first Christian heresy
Hosea's wife, depicted as a harlot, and their marriage symbolic of the failing marriage of God (husband) and Israel (wife)
Region in Egypt where Jacob and his family lived
Formed from the word "Evangelion" and means "good news"
occurred afteer the Diaspora and before the Roman Occupation; is when Alexander the Great tried to conquer the world (and failed)
Pre-Israelite Hebrews. Unacceptable in society
Sarah's servant, the mother of Ishmael
Father of Sheckem
Realm where one is at the greatest level of union with God
sunset Friday- Sunset Saturday every week and is treated as a day of rest
another name for the Old Testament
one who inherits
the infulence of Greek culture
the crime of holding a belief that goes against the church
someone who goes against accepted religious beliefs
opposed to an established religious belief
the puppet king
These books deal with the history of Israel. Part of the OT
An approach to literature that uses history as a means of understanding a literary work more clearly. Examines the SIL.
The process of cutting a sacrifical animal in half and then burning it
Means "Mountain of God"
an allegorical and literal book of love and commitment. a prophet who married an unfaithful wife. He forgave his wife for her sins and redeemed her when she lived in poverty and disgrace. Just as he forgave his wife, God forgives us when we commit adultery against him by putting anything other than him first in our lives.
Means an army ready for battle
Ex. God of Abraham, God of Israel, God of Jacob
Something that applies to every human unconditionally
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
The union of the two natures of Jesus in one body
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
The idea that the second coming would occur within the lifetime of the apostles
to pierce with a sharp stake through the body
God becomes "incarnate" or "in flesh" so he becomes human in Jesus
a story about the birth and early life of Jesus
Greek for peace
Son of Abraham. His name means "laughter"
The I of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym for the major prophets)
Abraham's son by Hagar, Sarah's servant. Name means "God has heard"
The descendants of Ishmael
Jacob's new name which means "one who struggles with God"
Ninth son of Jacob, mothered by Leah
Refers to sperm
Son of Isaac
the dream that Jacob had of angels ascending and descending on a ladder to heaven (shows the renewal of the covenant with Abraham)
James bar Alpheaus
He is often identified with James the Less and commonly known by that name in church tradition. One of the Twelve Apostles
James bar Zebedee
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James the Greater.
James the Greater
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James bar Zebedee
James the Just
Jesus' assumed brother and leader of the Church in Jerusalem
James the Lesser
One of the Twelve Apostles who is also known as James bar Alpheaus
Where the Pharisees went
The J in JEDI (JEDI being an acronym of the major prophets)
Translated the Bible into Latin
Capital of Israel
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
father-in-law of Moses; a Midianite priest
jews who believed the prophesies were fulfilled in jesus
John the Baptist
cousin of Jesus who preached repentance; Jesus was baptized by him in the river Jordan. Hypothesized to be an Essene
John the evangelist
The "beloved disciple" - the ONLY apostle present at the foot of the cross. Was given Mary to care for.
Joseph of Nazareth
"Father" of Jesus who was told to be descended from Abraham and David in Matthew's genealogy
Joseph the Patriarch
First son of Jacob that was born by the wife he loved
And Extra-biblical writer
Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land
Fourth son of Jacob mothered by Leah
disciple who betrayed Jesus
the southern part of the ancient Palestine succeeding the kingdom of Judah
Old and New Testament values
Temporary leaders appointed by God to lead the people of Israel when enemies oppressed them.
Greek for "core" or "center"; Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again
group of people related by blood or marriage
people descended from a common ancestor
Kinsman of Isaac
god of Isaac
an understanding gained through study or experience
Greek for intimate relationship with God and implies equality
Greek equivalent of Adonai
space or cavity
A division of the Hebrew Bible containing the three "major" prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel) and the Book of the Twelve.
Jacob's first wife
son of Jacob from whom Moses descended
the third book of the Old Testament
The theory that history is on going and leads to a final end being eschaton
any approach to a scriptural text that locates its primary sense in the "literal" meaning of words
the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
a term used to specify the distinct types or categories into which literary works are grouped; also known as a genre
Greek for "public assembly"
relating to public worship
the official public worship of the Church.
son of Hosea, name means "Not mine" To show Israel would no longer be God's people
a Greek term that means "word"
God's form on Earth. Also known as an "angel"
Hosea's second child name meaning "she is not pitied"
author of acts of the apostles
source from Matthew himself
the men in Matthew who brought the baby Jesus frankincense, myrrh, and gold.
the official teaching authority of the church
Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah *cough cough* JEDI cough coughcough coughkiel, Daniel, and Isaiah *cough cough* JEDI *cough cough*
Last book of the OT
First son of Joseph by his Egyptian wife, Asenath, and his name means "God has made me forget"
plants which were thought to make people fruitful
the chief Babylonian god
This was the first Gospel written
one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
death that is imposed because of the person's adherence of a religious faith or cause
hebrew for anointed one
This Gospel emphasizes Jesus Christ as King and was directed especially to the Jews.
the opening words of a prophetic speech, attributing what follows to God, as in "Thus says the Lord..." or "The Lord said..."
English word for anointed one
the messiah will bring peace among all nations, perfect harmony and abundance in nature, all Jews return from exile to Israel, universal acceptance of the Jewish god and religion, no sin or evil; all Israel will obey the commandments, reinstatement of the temple
A belief or movement focused on the Messiah or Anointed One who would deliver the Jewish people and usher in an era of peace. For Christians, the same beliefs were directed towards Jesus Christ. Military term
a minor Hebrew prophet (8th century BC)
Moses fled here after killing an Egyptian
In an area of odd redaction this tribes name is used rather than the Ishmaelites