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Patriarch, founding father, father of Isaac and Ishmael and wife of Sarah. His name means "the father is exalted."
refers to "hidden" texts that are important parts of Christian history, but are not part of the canon.
What was the name of the other man whom some in the church at Corinth were saying they followed?
A period of time in which the Jews were removed from Isreal and taken as slaves
sunset Saturday- sunset Sunday every week which is meant to be treated as a day of rest
Characteristics of God
Communal, Consistent, Covenental, Unitive, Good, Liberating, Reveals, Dynamic
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
Council of Jerusalem
first Council called around 50 AD, determined that Gentiles could convert to Christianity without first becoming Jewish
an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Cut a Covenant
A ceremony that sealed an agreement or covenant. In this ritual, both parties would walk between the split carcasses of an animal(s) to pledge their life in faithfulness to the covenant.
Cyrus of Persia
Persian king who defeated Babylonia and thereby freed the Jews. Responsible for the Diaspora
The idea that the second coming would probably not occur within the lifetime of those waiting for it, but that it would in fact occur in the future.
term meaning "second canon," It includes the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, and parts of Esther and Daniel
the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.
An example of this can be when the intestines of an animal that was cut during holocaust are thrown onto the ground and read to predict the future etc
a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols. He challenged the prophets of Ba'al
a non writing prophet of the northern kingdom, carried on the mission of Elijah and performed many works of wonders and becomes known for his healing power
Youngest son of Joseph/Zapenath-Paneah and Asenath, his name means "God has made me fruitful"
An apocalyptic group. They believed God would usher in his kingdom through a dramatic, even catastrophic event.
mother goddess born from chaos, in charge of all things, lays the 'Universal Egg of creation' on the ocean
the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities
Another major prophet. E of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym) prophet who sees a valley full of dry bones, which he sees turned into "Sons of Abraham" before his eyes
Four Key Points of Isaiah
1. the king is the agent of YHWH's righteousness
2. the king has superhuman qualities
3. the king receives the spirit of YHWH to make hima virtous ruler
4. the Messianic age will be a restoration of paradise
the citation of OT scripture in certain passages of Matthew, where the OT is said to have been "fulfilled" in something that Jesus did or experienced.
"I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your offspring and hers. He will strike at your head while you strike at his heel."
Hosea's wife, depicted as a harlot, and their marriage symbolic of the failing marriage of God (husband) and Israel (wife)
occurred afteer the Diaspora and before the Roman Occupation; is when Alexander the Great tried to conquer the world (and failed)
An approach to literature that uses history as a means of understanding a literary work more clearly. Examines the SIL.
an allegorical and literal book of love and commitment. a prophet who married an unfaithful wife. He forgave his wife for her sins and redeemed her when she lived in poverty and disgrace. Just as he forgave his wife, God forgives us when we commit adultery against him by putting anything other than him first in our lives.
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
the dream that Jacob had of angels ascending and descending on a ladder to heaven (shows the renewal of the covenant with Abraham)
James bar Alpheaus
He is often identified with James the Less and commonly known by that name in church tradition. One of the Twelve Apostles
James bar Zebedee
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James the Greater.
James the Greater
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James bar Zebedee
John the Baptist
cousin of Jesus who preached repentance; Jesus was baptized by him in the river Jordan. Hypothesized to be an Essene
John the evangelist
The "beloved disciple" - the ONLY apostle present at the foot of the cross. Was given Mary to care for.
Joseph of Nazareth
"Father" of Jesus who was told to be descended from Abraham and David in Matthew's genealogy
A division of the Hebrew Bible containing the three "major" prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel) and the Book of the Twelve.
any approach to a scriptural text that locates its primary sense in the "literal" meaning of words
a term used to specify the distinct types or categories into which literary works are grouped; also known as a genre
First son of Joseph by his Egyptian wife, Asenath, and his name means "God has made me forget"
the opening words of a prophetic speech, attributing what follows to God, as in "Thus says the Lord..." or "The Lord said..."
the messiah will bring peace among all nations, perfect harmony and abundance in nature, all Jews return from exile to Israel, universal acceptance of the Jewish god and religion, no sin or evil; all Israel will obey the commandments, reinstatement of the temple
A belief or movement focused on the Messiah or Anointed One who would deliver the Jewish people and usher in an era of peace. For Christians, the same beliefs were directed towards Jesus Christ. Military term
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
The Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Navel of the Earth
Concept that the Earth is flat and that heaven lies directly about the _____________________________
a historic town in northern Israel that is mentioned in the Gospels as the home of Joseph and Mary
the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation
the Hebrew patriarch who saved himself and his family and the animals by building an ark in which they survived 40 days and 40 nights of rain
depicted as a primal serpent coiled himself around the Universal Egg to incubate and hatch it. Impregnated Eurynome.
the name for the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs. Big influence on many writings in the New Testament beginning with the martyrdom of Stephen
"Seperated ones" They believed in strict overservance of the Law which they thought kept them from sin, lukewarm religious practice, and Gentile influence.
of or relating to the period in Jewish history after 539 BC (after the Babylonian Captivity)
Primary Theological Conclusions
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
an ancient Essene monastery on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea. Near it were found the Dead Sea scrolls
The exiles and former exiles who remained faithful to YHWH during the time of captivity and who were expected to restore Jerusalem.
Mostly priests and aristocrats who cared for Temple practices and worship, they centered their activities in Jerusalem.
(Deutero-Isaiah) Prophet of the Exile. Knew the Cyrus would return the Jews home. Preached the restoration of Isaiah.
Jewish terrorists who stabbed people with knives and hated everything Roman (a.k.a. Zealots)
Women that had sexual intercourse in temples on the alters in a way to praise the god of fertility, Ba'al. All of their children would be sacrificed by holocaust.
the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
laid by Eurynome in dove form on the ocean, hatched after Ophion coils around it 7 times, creation hatches from the egg
characteristics that can be observed in every human culture and society such as ethich, gestures, and superstitions
Valley of the Dry Bones
representation of the house of Israel, long gone, but a symbol of hope for bringing them back to life
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