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Scripture Vocab May 2011

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Aaron
Brother of Moses, he is Moses' "spokesman" or "mouth piece"
Abba
What Jesus calls YHWH. Means "Papa" or "Daddy"
Abraham
Patriarch, founding father, father of Isaac and Ishmael and wife of Sarah. His name means "the father is exalted."
Abram
Abraham's name before it was changed
Abrek
Egyptian cry of homage
Abyss
Aka chaos, primeval waters at Creation
Acts of the Apostle
written by Luke
adam
means man
adama
means earth
Adonai
"Lord" in Hebrew, means "slave or property owner"
Agnus
Latin for lamb
Alexander the Great
Led the Hellenistic Invasion
Amos
First writing prophet
Andrew
one of the first apostles in Matthew
Angel
a "messenger of God"
Anthology
A collection of various forms of literature
Anthropomorphism
attributing to God, human characteristics.
Apocalypse
a prophetic rebelation
Apocrypha
refers to "hidden" texts that are important parts of Christian history, but are not part of the canon.
Apollos
What was the name of the other man whom some in the church at Corinth were saying they followed?
Apostle
"one who is sent"
Apostles
Followers associated most closely with Jesus
Ark of the Covenant
the wooden container that held the twelve commandments
Ascension
the rising of the body of Jesus into heaven on the 40th day after his Resurrection
Asenath
wife of Joseph
Asher
son of Jacob and Zilpah
Assyrian Invasion
the attack on the Northern Kingdom of Israel by the nation of Assyria
Athanasius
In 364, he choose the books of the New Testament and compiled them together
Atheism
belief in no god
Ba'al
Canaan's god of fertility
Babylonian Captivity
A period of time in which the Jews were removed from Isreal and taken as slaves
Baker
was in jail with Joseph and the cupbearer
Baptism of John
the event in the life of Jesus that begins the Gospel of Mark
Bar
son of
Benjamin
means child of joy
Benoni
means child of pain
Bethel
abode of God
Bethlehem
house of bread
Bible
the sacred writings of the Christian religions
Bilhah
maidservant of Rachel who gave birth to Dan and Naphtali
Birthright
The inheritance of the eldest son earned at birth
Blasphemy
an insult to something holy
bow shot
An ancient way to measure distance
Brazier
means "oven"
Bridal week
The week after a couple are wed in which the wife is expected to become pregnant
Bris
The celebration of circumcision
Call Story
A scene in which a major biblical character first encounters God
Canaan
"land of milk and honey"
Canon
The official list of books in the Bible
Catholicas
Greek word for universal
Centurion
(ancient Rome) the leader of 100 soldiers
Chaos
Waters at creation (also known as abyss and primordial waters)
Charis
Greek for "God's saving will"
Chi-rho
The first two letters of the Greek word for Christos; a symbol of Jesus Christ
Christ
a title given to Jesus that means "anointed one"
Christian Sabbath
sunset Saturday- sunset Sunday every week which is meant to be treated as a day of rest
Christian Scripture
The official name of the New Testament
Christological
The adj. form of Christology
Christology
the branch of theology concerned with the person and attributes and deeds of Christ
Christos
Greek for anointed one
Church
one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
Church Order Discourse
4th Discourse
Circumcision
Physical sign of the covenant
Cistern
A dry well
Citation
Way to locate passages within the Bible
City of David
Another name for Bethlehem
Commentary
A book with complete exegesis of the Bible
Characteristics of God
Communal, Consistent, Covenental, Unitive, Good, Liberating, Reveals, Dynamic
Concubine
A secondary wife or sex partner
Consort
Another name for a secondary wife or sex partner
Constantine
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
Consumate
When a couple first has sexual intercourse after being wed
Contextualism
When a person observes SIL, redaction, etc. when reading scripture
Cosmic Christ
aka pre-existent Christ
Council of Jerusalem
first Council called around 50 AD, determined that Gentiles could convert to Christianity without first becoming Jewish
Council of Nicea
meeting of bishops in 325 where they formulated the Nicene Creed
Covenant
an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Covenant Ritual
Gen. 15 Ex. Circumcision
Something repeated in order to maintain a covenant
Cows of the Nile
hippos
Creation
When everything came into existence
Creed
a list of beliefs
Cup bearer
was in jail with Joseph and the baker
Curse
the opposite of a blessing
Cut a Covenant
A ceremony that sealed an agreement or covenant. In this ritual, both parties would walk between the split carcasses of an animal(s) to pledge their life in faithfulness to the covenant.
Cyclic History
Life repeats and a spirit is "recycled"
Cyrus of Persia
Persian king who defeated Babylonia and thereby freed the Jews. Responsible for the Diaspora
Dan
Son of Jacob and Bilhah
Daniel
D of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym of the major prophets)
Darkness
Signals the coming of God
David
2nd, and the greatest, king of the Isrealites
Days of Ornamentation
The last three days of Creation
Days of Separation
The first three days of Creation
Decalogue
Another name for the Ten Commandments
Deism
The belief in a God that does not reveal
Delayed Eschaton
The idea that the second coming would probably not occur within the lifetime of those waiting for it, but that it would in fact occur in the future.
Destruction of Jerusalem
70 A.D.
Deuterocanonical
term meaning "second canon," It includes the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, and parts of Esther and Daniel
Deutero-Isaiah
Means "Second Isaiah"
Deuteronomy
Greek for "second law." 5th book of the Old Testament
Diaspora
the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.
Dinah
The only daughter of Jacob who was raped
Disciple
means "student"
Divination
An example of this can be when the intestines of an animal that was cut during holocaust are thrown onto the ground and read to predict the future etc
Ecclesia
a Greek word for a community of people; also means Church
Ecclesiological
adj of ecclesiology
Ecclesiology
the theological investigation into the nature and function of the Church
Eden
a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation
Edom
Brother of Jacob. Means "red and hairy"
Edomites
The descendants of Esau
Egypt
an ancient empire west of Israel
El
Singular, masculine
El Roi
Means "God of Vision"
El Shaddai
Means "God of the Mountian"
Eliezer
Abraham's servant
Elijah
a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols. He challenged the prophets of Ba'al
Elisha
a non writing prophet of the northern kingdom, carried on the mission of Elijah and performed many works of wonders and becomes known for his healing power
Elohim
hebrew word for god as "Creator"
Emmanuel
Means God is with us
Empirical
Based on faith, not science
Ephraim
Youngest son of Joseph/Zapenath-Paneah and Asenath, his name means "God has made me fruitful"
Ephrath
Another name for Bethlehem
Epistle
Means "letter"
Esau
oldest son of Isaac; twin of Jacob; his name means "red and hairy"
Eschatological
adj. form of eschatology
Eschatology
the theological investigation into the nature and function of eschaton
Eschaton
The return of Christ, the end of the world, the apocalypse, the future
Essenes
An apocalyptic group. They believed God would usher in his kingdom through a dramatic, even catastrophic event.
Eurynome
mother goddess born from chaos, in charge of all things, lays the 'Universal Egg of creation' on the ocean
Evangelion
Greek word which means "good news."
Evil
the opposite of the Good characteristic of God
Exegesis
an explanation of a text; a critical interpretation
Exegete
To criticize or explain text
Exodus 20:2
example for liberator and communal god
Exodus
departure of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery under the leadership of Moses
Experience
the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities
Exposure
To be kicked out of the community without food or shelter Ex. the Habiru
Extra-biblical
outside of the Bible and outside of the NT pointing to the existence of Jesus.
Ezechiel
Another major prophet. E of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym) prophet who sees a valley full of dry bones, which he sees turned into "Sons of Abraham" before his eyes
ff
sign to continue to the end of a chapter after a citation
Faith
derived from experience and reflection
Form Criticism
Type of criticism which focuses on the structure, genre etc of text
Former Prophets
Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
Four Key Points of Isaiah
1. the king is the agent of YHWH's righteousness
2. the king has superhuman qualities
3. the king receives the spirit of YHWH to make hima virtous ruler
4. the Messianic age will be a restoration of paradise
Fulfillment Citation
the citation of OT scripture in certain passages of Matthew, where the OT is said to have been "fulfilled" in something that Jesus did or experienced.
Fundamentalism
A literal take on scripture. Also known as literalism
Gad
Seventh son of Jacob who was mothered by Zilpah
Galilee
The place in Israel where Jesus grew up.
Gen. 12: 10-20
Citation of the pericope of Abram and Sarai's time in Eygypt
Gen. 15
"I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your offspring and hers. He will strike at your head while you strike at his heel."
Gen. 17
Citation for covenant of circumsicion
Gen. 22
Citation where Abraham is told to sacrifice Isaac
Gen. 12:1-4a
Citation of the call story of Abram
Genealogy
account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor
Genesis
the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation. Means beginning or origin
Gen. 1:26
"Let us make man in our image"
Gen. 1-11
Prologue to the bible
Gentile
Non-Jew
Gentile Christian
A Christian that was not originally Jewish
Gershom
The first son of Moses
Gnosis
Greek for knowledge
Gnosticism
The first Christian heresy
Gomer
Hosea's wife, depicted as a harlot, and their marriage symbolic of the failing marriage of God (husband) and Israel (wife)
Goshen
Region in Egypt where Jacob and his family lived
Gospel
Formed from the word "Evangelion" and means "good news"
Greek Invasion
occurred afteer the Diaspora and before the Roman Occupation; is when Alexander the Great tried to conquer the world (and failed)
Habiru
Pre-Israelite Hebrews. Unacceptable in society
Hagar
Sarah's servant, the mother of Ishmael
Harlotry
prostitution
Harmor
Father of Sheckem
Heaven
Realm where one is at the greatest level of union with God
Hebrew Sabbath
sunset Friday- Sunset Saturday every week and is treated as a day of rest
Hebrew Scripture
another name for the Old Testament
Heir
one who inherits
Hellenism
the infulence of Greek culture
Heresy
the crime of holding a belief that goes against the church
Heretic
someone who goes against accepted religious beliefs
Heretical
opposed to an established religious belief
Herod
the puppet king
Historical Books
These books deal with the history of Israel. Part of the OT
Historical Criticism
An approach to literature that uses history as a means of understanding a literary work more clearly. Examines the SIL.
Holocaust
The process of cutting a sacrifical animal in half and then burning it
Horeb
Means "Mountain of God"
Hosea
an allegorical and literal book of love and commitment. a prophet who married an unfaithful wife. He forgave his wife for her sins and redeemed her when she lived in poverty and disgrace. Just as he forgave his wife, God forgives us when we commit adultery against him by putting anything other than him first in our lives.
Host
Means an army ready for battle
Household gods
Ex. God of Abraham, God of Israel, God of Jacob
Human Universal
Something that applies to every human unconditionally
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Hypostatic Union
The union of the two natures of Jesus in one body
Idiom
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
Imminent Eschaton
The idea that the second coming would occur within the lifetime of the apostles
Impale
to pierce with a sharp stake through the body
Incarnation
God becomes "incarnate" or "in flesh" so he becomes human in Jesus
Infancy Narrative
a story about the birth and early life of Jesus
Irene
Greek for peace
Isaac
Son of Abraham. His name means "laughter"
Isaiah
The I of JEDI (JEDI being an acronym for the major prophets)
ish
male
isha
female
Ishmael
Abraham's son by Hagar, Sarah's servant. Name means "God has heard"
Ishmaelites
The descendants of Ishmael
Israel
Jacob's new name which means "one who struggles with God"
Issachar
Ninth son of Jacob, mothered by Leah
Issue
Refers to sperm
Jacob
Son of Isaac
Jacob's ladder
the dream that Jacob had of angels ascending and descending on a ladder to heaven (shows the renewal of the covenant with Abraham)
James bar Alpheaus
He is often identified with James the Less and commonly known by that name in church tradition. One of the Twelve Apostles
James bar Zebedee
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James the Greater.
James the Greater
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Brother of John the Apostle. He is also called James bar Zebedee
James the Just
Jesus' assumed brother and leader of the Church in Jerusalem
James the Lesser
One of the Twelve Apostles who is also known as James bar Alpheaus
Jamnia
Where the Pharisees went
Jeremiah
The J in JEDI (JEDI being an acronym of the major prophets)
Jerome
Translated the Bible into Latin
Jerusalem
Capital of Israel
Jesus
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
Jethro
father-in-law of Moses; a Midianite priest
Jewish Christian
jews who believed the prophesies were fulfilled in jesus
John the Baptist
cousin of Jesus who preached repentance; Jesus was baptized by him in the river Jordan. Hypothesized to be an Essene
John the evangelist
The "beloved disciple" - the ONLY apostle present at the foot of the cross. Was given Mary to care for.
Joseph of Nazareth
"Father" of Jesus who was told to be descended from Abraham and David in Matthew's genealogy
Joseph the Patriarch
First son of Jacob that was born by the wife he loved
Josephus
And Extra-biblical writer
Joshua
Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land
Judah
Fourth son of Jacob mothered by Leah
Judas Iscariot
disciple who betrayed Jesus
Judea
the southern part of the ancient Palestine succeeding the kingdom of Judah
Judeo-Christian
Old and New Testament values
Judges
Temporary leaders appointed by God to lead the people of Israel when enemies oppressed them.
Kerygma
Greek for "core" or "center"; Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again
Kin
group of people related by blood or marriage
Kinsfolk
people descended from a common ancestor
Kinsman of Isaac
god of Isaac
Knowledge
an understanding gained through study or experience
Koinonia
Greek for intimate relationship with God and implies equality
Kyrios
Greek equivalent of Adonai
Laban
Rebekah's Brother
Lacunae
space or cavity
Latter Prophets
A division of the Hebrew Bible containing the three "major" prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel) and the Book of the Twelve.
Moses
Lawgiver
Leah
Jacob's first wife
Levi
son of Jacob from whom Moses descended
Leviticus
the third book of the Old Testament
Linear History
The theory that history is on going and leads to a final end being eschaton
Literalism
any approach to a scriptural text that locates its primary sense in the "literal" meaning of words
Literary Criticism
the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
Literary Form
a term used to specify the distinct types or categories into which literary works are grouped; also known as a genre
Liturgas
Greek for "public assembly"
Liturgical
relating to public worship
Liturgy
the official public worship of the Church.
Lo-ammi
son of Hosea, name means "Not mine" To show Israel would no longer be God's people
Logos
a Greek term that means "word"
Lord's messenger
God's form on Earth. Also known as an "angel"
Lo-ruhama
Hosea's second child name meaning "she is not pitied"
Luke
author of acts of the apostles
M source
source from Matthew himself
Magi
the men in Matthew who brought the baby Jesus frankincense, myrrh, and gold.
Magisterium
the official teaching authority of the church
Major Prophets
Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah *cough cough* JEDI cough coughcough coughkiel, Daniel, and Isaiah *cough cough* JEDI *cough cough*
Malachai
Last book of the OT
Manasseh
First son of Joseph by his Egyptian wife, Asenath, and his name means "God has made me forget"
Mandrakes
plants which were thought to make people fruitful
Marduk
the chief Babylonian god
Mark
This was the first Gospel written
Martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
Martyrdom
death that is imposed because of the person's adherence of a religious faith or cause
Mashiah
hebrew for anointed one
Matriarch
"Founding Mother"
Matthew
This Gospel emphasizes Jesus Christ as King and was directed especially to the Jews.
Messenger Formula
the opening words of a prophetic speech, attributing what follows to God, as in "Thus says the Lord..." or "The Lord said..."
Messiah
English word for anointed one
Messianic Age
the messiah will bring peace among all nations, perfect harmony and abundance in nature, all Jews return from exile to Israel, universal acceptance of the Jewish god and religion, no sin or evil; all Israel will obey the commandments, reinstatement of the temple
Messianism
A belief or movement focused on the Messiah or Anointed One who would deliver the Jewish people and usher in an era of peace. For Christians, the same beliefs were directed towards Jesus Christ. Military term
Metanoia
radical change
Micah
a minor Hebrew prophet (8th century BC)
Midian
Moses fled here after killing an Egyptian
Midianites
In an area of odd redaction this tribes name is used rather than the Ishmaelites
Midwife
a woman skilled in aiding the delivery of babies
Minor Prophets
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Miriam
Moses' sister
Missionary Discourse
2nd Discourse
Monotheism
belief in one God
Monotheistic Panentheism
A belief in one God that is in control of all elements
Moses
The Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Myrrh
oil used for anointing/preparation for burial
Mystical Body
those who are members of the church, united with christ as head of the body
Mythos
Greek word meaning "myth, story, legend, plot"
Nabi
mouthpiece
Name Change
Form of Metanoia
Napthali
Jacob's 6th son, with Bilhah
Narrative [in Matthew]
Precedes each discourse [in Matthew]
Nature
That which makes something what it is
Navel of the Earth
Concept that the Earth is flat and that heaven lies directly about the _____________________________
Nazareth
a historic town in northern Israel that is mentioned in the Gospels as the home of Joseph and Mary
Nero
First Roman Emperor to persecute Christians
Nether World
Ex. Shoel
New Testament
the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation
Nile
major egyptian river runs north south close to red sea
Noah
the Hebrew patriarch who saved himself and his family and the animals by building an ark in which they survived 40 days and 40 nights of rain
Non-synoptic
Not similar
Northern Kingdom
Also called Israel
Northern Prophets
Elijah; Elisha; Amos; Hosea
Numbers
the fourth book of the Old Testament
Occidental
The Western way of thought
Old Testament
The first half of the Bible containing the Jewish Torah, Law and Prophets
Oracle
words of wisdom or advice given by God through a spokesperson
Oral Tradition
pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth
Oriental
The Eastern way of thought
Orphion
depicted as a primal serpent coiled himself around the Universal Egg to incubate and hatch it. Impregnated Eurynome.
Palestine
Another name for Canaan
Panentheism
Belief that trees and water or not water but that gods control trees and water, etc.
Pantheism
Belief in things in nature as god
Parable
A vivid short story told to convey religious truth; usually with a surprise ending
Parable Discourse
3rd Discourse
Passover
holiday commemorating the Exodus
Patriarch
Founding father
Paul
a Christian missionary to the Gentiles
Paulus
another name for saul
Pauline
of Paul
Pentateuch
the name for the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
Pentecost
Birthday of the Church
Pericope
a defined selection or passage from a larger literary work
Persecution
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs. Big influence on many writings in the New Testament beginning with the martyrdom of Stephen
Peter
disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles
Petrine
of Peter
Pharaoh
the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
Pharisee
"Seperated ones" They believed in strict overservance of the Law which they thought kept them from sin, lukewarm religious practice, and Gentile influence.
Pliny
Letter writer in ancient Rome; Extra-biblical writer
Pneumatology
The study of the person and work of the Holy Spirit
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Pompey
Roman General who won Palestine for Rome
Post-exilic
of or relating to the period in Jewish history after 539 BC (after the Babylonian Captivity)
Potiphar
Master over Joseph before throwing him in jail for supposed rape of his wife
Potiphar's Wife
Lied that she was raped by Joseph
Primary Theological Conclusions
God is:
One/Unitive
Liberator
Communal
Dynamic
Covenantal
Consistent
Good
Primordial water
Waters at Creation (also called chaos and abyss)
Prolific
abundantly fruitful
Prologue
introductory remarks in a speech, play or literary work, introductory action
Prophetic Books
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Prophets
the second of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures
Prophets of the Exile
Ezechiel and daniel
Prophets of the Northern Kingdom
Elijah, Elisha, Amos, Hosea.
Prostrate
stretched out and lying at full length along the ground
Psalm
Hebrew word for "song"
Puah
one of the midwives that refused pharaoh's order to kill the Hebrew babies
Q Source
Other writings about Jesus. Comes from the German word quelle
Qumran
an ancient Essene monastery on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea. Near it were found the Dead Sea scrolls
Rachel
the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin
Rameses
King of Egypt at the time of the Hebrew's Exodus
Rebekah
wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau
Redact
to edit
Redaction Criticism
analysis of a text in relation to the editing undergone
Remnant
The exiles and former exiles who remained faithful to YHWH during the time of captivity and who were expected to restore Jerusalem.
Resurrection
the rising of Christ on the third day after the Crucifixion
Reuben
Jacob's oldest son
Reuel
father of Zipporah
Act of Revelation
the speech act of making something evident
Book of Revelation
the last book of the New Testament
Righteousness
the condition of being right, moral, just, or legal
Ritual
any customary observance or practice
Ruah
"spirit" or "breath"
Roman Persecution
When Romans persecuted the Christians
Sacrament
That which makes something implicit, explicit
Sadducee
Mostly priests and aristocrats who cared for Temple practices and worship, they centered their activities in Jerusalem.
Saint Jerome
translated the bible into latin from Hebrew and Greek.
Salaam
Means peace
Salvation History
the saving action of God throughout human history
Sarah
Means "princess". Wife of Abraham
Sarai
the original name of Sarah. Also means "princess"
Saul
the first king of the Israelites
Scripture
sacred writings
Second Isaiah
(Deutero-Isaiah) Prophet of the Exile. Knew the Cyrus would return the Jews home. Preached the restoration of Isaiah.
Secondary Theological Conclusion
God is blank sooooo
*blank* is blankblank is *blank*
Septuagint
Greek translation of the Old Testament
Sermon on the Mount
the first major discourse delivered by Jesus (Matthew 5-7)
Serpent
the form taken by satan in the garden of eden. Phallic symbol
Seti
Who was the son of Ramsses?
Seutonius
Roman biographer; Extra-biblical writer
Seven Disputed Books
another name for the Deuterocanonical Books
Shalom
Hebrew word for peace
Sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain
Sheol
The Hebrew place of the dead
Sheckem
son of Hamor; layed with Dinah (daughter of Jacob) by force; killed by Levi and Simeon
Shiprah
one of the midwives that refused pharaoh's order to kill the Hebrew babies
Sicarii
Jewish terrorists who stabbed people with knives and hated everything Roman (a.k.a. Zealots)
Sign
something which indicates something but does not participate in what it is indicating
Signet ring
A ring that held the stamp or seal of Pharaoh
Sin
an act that is regarded by theologians as a transgression of God's will
Sinai
The mountain where Moses received the Law from God
Simeon
2nd son of Jacob and Leah
Sitz im Leben
German for "situation in life"
Skin of Water
An animals stomach was used as a container for water and was called this
Solomon
Son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom. He built the great Temple
Son of Abraham, Son of David
Titles to make Jesus seem royal
Son of God
A name or title for Jesus.
Son of Man
a name for Jesus; the name Jesus most often uses for himslf in the Gospels
Soter
Means "to save"
Soteriological
adj. of soteriology
Soteriology
the theological investigation into the nature and function of salvation
Southern Kingdom
Judah, capital Jerusalem
Static
not active or moving
Southern Prophets
Obadiah, Joel, Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Micah, Isaiah and Jeremiah
Stephen
First Christian martyr
Symbol
Something that indicates something and participates in that which it indicates
Sycretism
the fusion of originally different inflected forms
Synoptic
similar
Tabernacle
a portable sanctuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant on their exodus
Tamar
Judah's daughter-in-law that served as his prostitute for a night
Temple prostitute
Women that had sexual intercourse in temples on the alters in a way to praise the god of fertility, Ba'al. All of their children would be sacrificed by holocaust.
Tetragrammaton
YHWH
The Fall
2nd story in Genesis
The Flood
4th story in Genesis
The Tower
5th story in Genesis
Theism
any belief in god or gods
Theology
any expression of god
Combo of "theos" and "logos"
Theology of Creation
1. God is Creator
2. creation is good
Theology of Human Nature
1. god is creator
2. human nature is good
Theology of Sin
1. sin is choice
2. sin is communal
Theos
Greek for "god"
Third Isaiah
Message was of hope. These chapters take place after return from exile.
Torah
the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
Tribal Monotheism
Believing in one god that is of a certain people only
Universal Egg
laid by Eurynome in dove form on the ocean, hatched after Ophion coils around it 7 times, creation hatches from the egg
Universal Monotheism
Believing in one god for all people
Universals
characteristics that can be observed in every human culture and society such as ethich, gestures, and superstitions
Valley of the Dry Bones
representation of the house of Israel, long gone, but a symbol of hope for bringing them back to life
Veritas
Latin for Truth
Vorgriff
Describes human want
Vulgate
Latin translation of the Bible
Weaning
process of substituting other foods for the milk produced by the mother
Wisdom Literature
Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes
Writing Prophets
Isaiah, Ezekial, Jeremiah, Daniel
Yahweh
the name of God that he revealed to Moses. means "I AM"
YHWH
the Hebrew letters for the name of God that he revealed to Moses
Zaphenath-Peneah
Joseph's Egyptian name
Zealots
Despised Roman rule and fomented violence to overthrow it.
Zebulun
6th son of Jacob born by Leah
Zebedee
the father of apostles James and John
Zilpah
Leah's maidservant, bore two sons to Jacob: Gad and Asher
Zipporah
Moses' wife