Double Jeopardy
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Terms in this set (20)
Jus SoliLatin phrase that means "law of the soil" - grants citizenship to nearly all people born in the U.S. or in American territoriesDiscriminationDiscriminationExists when people are treated unfairly because of their race, gender, ethnic group, age, physical disability or religionTranscriptSummary record of the meeting must be givenSelf-incriminatioFifth Amendment says that no one "shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself" protection against self incrimination. Fifth Amendments also protects defendants against confessions extorted by force or violence.AmnestyA pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offensePrivate Lawdeals with situations between private individuals, legal persons (companies) or groups. part of a civil law legal systemCivil Rights Movementmass protest movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern United States that came to national prominence during the mid-1950s. (This movement had its roots in the centuries-long efforts of enslaved Africans and their descendants to resist racial oppression and abolish the institution of slavery.)Rational Basis testA test used to determine whether a law or governmental regulation or action violates the equal protection clause. For example, laws that affect persons on account of their race, a "suspect class," are subject to strict scrutiny and must be justified by the government with a compelling reason.separate but equal doctrinethe doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) that African Americans could constitutionally be kept in separate but equal facilitiessecurity classification systemthe provision that information on government activities related to national security and foreign policy may be kept secret