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in Gas, what is the State of exhaustion:
point where the body can
no longer return to homeostasis
explain the neuro-pathway
hypothalamus activates sympathetic nervous system, then the SN stimulates the adrenal medulla
in the neuro-pathway, what does the adrenal medula secrete
catecholamines (nor-epi, and epinephrine)
Neutrophil Primary roles
57 - 67%
Removal of debris
Phagocytosis of bacteria
Prepare the injured site for Healing
Eosinophil Primary roles
Allergy - Ingest antigenantibody complexes
Mediate vascular effects of histamine and serotonin in allergic reactions
Bind to and degranulate onto parasites (worms)
what is hydropic swelling
accumulation of water b/c of malfunction of Na/K pump, whic is ATP dependent
Cri du Chat, French word "cry of the cat" is caused by deletion of the short arm of chromosome _______.
Huntington syndrome- describe the features.
also called chorea, involentary movement of arms, mental deterioration. happens around age 40
What is autosomal recessive? Who is the carrier? who will get it
both parents must carry the genes. men and women can get it
complements- the 20 inactive proteins in circulation. When activated they release chemical to promote:
inflammation, chemotaxis, and lysis
what receptor triggers increased vascular permeability, vasodilation (flushing) urticaria formation (hives), smooth muscle constriction (bronchoconstriction), increase mucus secretion and pruritis (itching), and increased gut permeability
Type II Hypersensitivity
antibody attack antigen. ex:blood transfusion, Hemolytic Disease of the newborn
Type III Hypersensitivity -define
allergen can come from animals, plants, bacterial. not tissue specific
what Hypersensitivity is this about: The principal mediators are lymphocytes-release lymphokines that directly kill cells. 48 to 72 hours
what Hypersensitivity has these conditions: Contact dermatitis
Transplant rejection, graft versus host disease
Systemic Lupus erythematosus
chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs
s/sx of blood transfusion reaction
fever, chills, flushing, tachycardia, hypotension, low back pain , chest pain, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, anxiety, headache, shock, death.
how low does the T cell count have to be in order to be diagnosed as full blown AIDS?
< 200 cells/ μL
When infected (i.e.: from a needle stick) how long can it take for the test to be positive?
what class of drug can elevate plasma level of cholesterol & triglycerides, may cause new onset of diabetes, exacerbate existing diabetes by incr. blood glucose. Risk of bleeding in hemophiliacs, accelerate bone loss ->osteoporosis. Lipodystrophy also
name the 4 Normocytic-Normochromic Anemias
aplastic, post hemorhegic, hemolytic, Anemia of chronic disorder
what disorder has these manifistations: Stomach is empty
what drug -coats the stomach to prevent acids and ulcers. and you can mix the tablet as a "slurry"
what receptor sites in the stomach will cause vasoconstriction so severely so that ischemia will occur.
Alpha 1 adrenergic
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