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final for vet tech intro

STUDY
PLAY
____ are abnormally shaped protein molecules that cause transmissible spongiform
prions
Visceral larva migrans is the disease associated with _____ larvae invasion
roundworm
The optic nerve is located in the ______
eye
_____ are the definitive hosts in tosoplasmosis
cats
Arthritis is a ______ disease
degenerative
_______ diseases can be transmitted from animals to humans
zoonotic
The _____ is responsible for clearing bilirubin from the blood
liver
Viscera describes _______
internal organs
Tumor cells can be spread through the _______ or ______
blood, lymph
_________ disease is a human disease classified as a transmissible spongiform
Creutzfeldt-Jakob
______ disease is another name for listeriosis
circling
The infectious agent of ______ fever can be inhaled which can put workers in slaughter facilities at a high risk
Q
______ is used to sanitize milk in an effort to kill pathogens that cause brucellosis and tuberculosis
pasteurization
A(n) ______ is the name of the diagnostic test performed after an animal has succumbed to disease
necropsy
Creatinine is cleared from the bloodstream by the __
kidneys
Vitamin ___ is one possible antidote to ingestion of rat or mouse poison that causes bleeding
K
The risk of tumors _____ with age
increases
It is also important to remember that a radiograph is a(n) ____ dimensional image
2
______ describes all of the processes that occur within the animal
metabolism
The ______ refill time of a healthy animal should be less than one or two seconds
capillary
Cutaneous larva migrans results from infection of ______ larvae
hookworm
Inflammation throughout the abdomen is called ____
peritonitis
In order to prevent _____, red meat should be cooked to an internal temperature of 160*F
food poisoning
A(n) _____ occurs when cells grow in an uncontrolled manner
neoplasm/tumor
______ that infects raccoons is also responsible for visceral larva migrans in humans
roundworm
Sudden or gradual onset would describe the ______ of the disease
course
Hydrophobia is another name for ______
rabies
Diabetes can be classified as a(n) _____ disorder
metabolic
Diseases that cannot be explained by current medical knowledge are called _______
idiopathic
The wilted leaves of a cherry tree contain ______ that can be quite toxic
cyanide
Hypothyroidism is a(n) ______ disease
metabolic
If ______ are present at the edges of the biopsy specimen, the chance is greater that the cancer will recur
neoplasms
A rigid support, which keeps a bandage from bending, is called a(n) _______
splint
______ is also called Bang's disease or undulant fever in humans
brucellosis
Being hit by a car can be catagorized as a _______ disease
trauma
Severe ______ is the most significant clinical sign of Salmonella
diarrhea
______ is produced as red blood cells are destroyed
Bilirubin
The third step in diagnosing a disease condition is performing a(n) ______ examination
physical
Salmonella is caused by a(n) _____ infection
bacterial
A lack of noise in the intestinal track could represent a twisted loop of ______
intestine
______ fever is caused by the gram negative Bartonella henselae
Cat Scratch
An enlarged prostate in a dog can be determiined by _______ examination
rectal
Circular hair loss and scaling are the clinical signs of ______, a fungal disease
ringworm
Mucous membranes of an anemic animal are _____ than normal
paler
Estrogen is a _______ type hormone
follicle-stimulating
The ______ is the only endocrine gland that can be palpated
thyroid
The general effect of the parathyroid hormone is to increase the blood level of ______
calcium
Growth hormone is another name for _____
anterior lobe
_____ and _____ work in tandem to regulate blood sugar
insulin, glucagon
The white portion of the eye is called the _____
sclera
______ organisms invade the brain in equine protozoal myeloencephalitis
protozoa
Cardia, body, and pylorus are the three regions of a ______ stomach
monogastric
The kidneys divide into _____ regions
3
Blood enters the kidney through the ______ artery
renal
The two types of bloat are _____ and free gas
frothy
Ascending, traverse, and descending are all parts of the ______
large intestine
The corpus luteum produces the hormone _____
progesterone
Sperm are manufactured in the ______
testes
In ruminants, fermentation occurs in the _____
reticulorumen
_____ epithelial tissue lines the bladder
transitional
Amylase, which is found in saliva, digests _____
starch
The _____ and respiratory systems control pH of the blood
kidneys
_____, released by the fetus, stimulates parturition
cortisone
Blood or protein in the urine can indicate a ______ infection
bladder
The hormone ______ stimulates milk letdown
oxytosin
A refractometer measures ______ in urine
specific gravity
Hair serves as a modification of the _____
epidermis
_____ tissue is attacked by foot and mouth disease
epithelial
______ disease is another name for Monday morning syndrome in horses
tying up
______ is the singular form of bronchi
bronchus
The muscles between the ribs are called the _______ muscles
external intercostal
A fibrous joint in the skull is also called a ______
suture
The opening in the larynx is called the ______
glottis
Blood can be divided into fluid and _____ parts
cellular
Prematurely born animals often lack sufficient _____ and therefore have difficulty inflating their own lungs
blood flow
Erythropoiesis is the production of _______ in the bone marrow
red blood cells
Dried bone consists of 70% ______ and 30% ______ material
inorganic, organic
The cranial drawer sign diagnosis indicates a torn ______ ligament
cruciate
The large vessel that returns blood to the heart is called the ______
vena cava
The blood entering the pulmonary veins has a high amount of ________
oxygen
Gas exchanges in the smallest openings of the respiratory system called the ______
alveoli
In immature animals, the growth plate consists of _______
cartilage
Nutrient/gas transfer in the circulatory system occurs in the ______
blood
The right ventricle pumps blood to the ______
lungs
Diabetes ______ results from lack of antidiuretic hormone
insipidus
The ______ is the portion of the brain devoted to voluntary and conscious processing
cerebrum
The release of follicle stimulating hormone is controlled by the ______
pituitary gland
Lymph begins as _____ fluid that forms between the cells
interstitial
The hypophysis is another name for the _______
pituitary gland
High blood sugar levels indicate _____ (disease)
diabetes
Twenty-two _____ are used to make proteins
amino acids
_____ is another name for the cell membrane
plasma membrane
All cellular reactions are colletively called ____
metabolism
Extracellular fluid (ECF) surrounds all living cells and is derived from the ______
blood
A(n) _____ is a special type of protein that fights infection
antibody
The nuclear membrane is often joined to other cell organelles like the ______
endoplasmic reticulum
_____ (organelles) contain enzymes that break down other molecules
lysosomes
When a cell is not dividing, it is said to be in _____
interphase
_____ tumors are localized and have not spread
benign
_____ brings the oxygen to cells and carries carbon dioxide away from the cells
blood
Only _____ undergo meiosis
sex cells
_____ allows for product to be released into the extracellular fluid (ECF)
exocytosis
Two cell divisions occur in ____ while only one cell division occurs in ____
meiosis, metosis
A cow's _____ becomes displaced when a twisted stomach occurs
abomasum
_____ epithelial tissue lines the urinary tract
transitional
Tendons attach bones to ____ while ligaments attach bones to other bones
muscles
The hair-like extension from the cell body that carries the nerve impulses is called the ____
axon
The common name for integument is ____
skin
_____ cells produce milk
mammary
Hot objects are detected by ____ neurons
sensory
The liquid portion of the blood is called ____
plasma
Chromatin is found within the cell's _____
nucleus
Cell membranes contain about one-half _____ and one-half ____
protein, lipid
Motor neurons extend to a ____ or a _____
muscle, gland
Rigor mortis occurs because, after death, there is no ability by the body to pump _____ back into the endoplasmic reticulum
calcium
Ligaments contain the two proteins, ____ and ____
collagen, elastin
Blood is pumped through the entire body in ____ circulation
systemic
The ____ is the common area shared by the nose and throat
pharynx
The appendicular skeleton contains the bones of the _____
limbs
Arteries carry blood ____ (direction) the heart
away
_____ vertebrae are found in the tail
coccygeal
Relaxation or increase in size of a blood vessel is called _____
vasodilation
The ___ is a thin connective tissue that covers bones
periosteum
The higher blood pressure number (systole) occurs as the heart _____
contracts
The ilium, ischium, and the pubis are found in the ___
pelvis
Diastole is the ____ phase of the cardiac cycle
relaxation
The picture resulting from X-rays being passed through the body is called a _____
radiograph
Cervical vertebrae are located in the ____
neck
The true moveable joints are called _____ joints
synovial
The three types of bone cells are ___, ___, and ___
osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes
Joint ill occurs when bacteria enter the ____ of newborns
umbilical cord
The mineral ____, stored in bone, also plays a role in muscle contraction
calcium
The condition of low red blood cell count is called ______
anemia
The hollow center of the long bone is called the ____ cavity
medullary
Tachycardia describes a(n) _____ heart rate
elevated
Leucocutes help to fight ____
infection
A bronchodilator _____ the airways
opens
The trachea branches into two ____
bronchi
Lung inflammation is called ____
pneumonia
The linings of the lungs and chest are called _____
pleura
____ is the reflex reaction that occurs when the nose is irritated
sneezing
____ blood cells move into the lungs to fight a pneumonia infection
white
In the embryo, the testes develop in the ____
abdomen
Suture means to ____
stitch
_____ epithelium lines the ureter, allowing for changes in diameter of the opening
smooth
Tooth ____ is the hardest substance in the body
enamel
The ____ work to regulate the amounts of sodium, chloride, and potassium
kidneys
The portioin of the tooth that lies above the gum line is called the _____
crown
The ____ is the only accessory sex gland present in the dog
prostate
The hormone ____ stimulates milk production
prolactin
Inexperienced cat owners often misdiagnose urinary obstruction as _____
constipation
The following symptoms are characteristic of the equine condition ____ : kicking at abdomen, rolling, lying down and standing up repeatedly, sweating
colic
The ____ is the portion of the ruminant stomach with a honeycomb-type lining
reticulum
A(n) _____ occurs when an animal continues to strain after parturition and the uterus turns inside out
uterine prolapse
In horses, fermentation occurs in the _____
cecum
Ther foremost teeth used to bite into food are called _____
incisors
The ____ is the tube that transports urine to the outside of the body
ureter
The ____ becomes infected in pyometra
uterus
When an animal's kidneys no longer function, it is said to be in ____ failure
renal
The ____ covers the opening of the larynx
epiglottis
Feline diets aimed at controlling urinary crystals attempt to control _____ and maintain a(n) ____ pH
minerals, acidic
When sodium levels increase, an animal is stimulated to _____
drink
The ____ is the portion of a ruminant stomach known as the true stomach
abomasum
The ____ is the tube-like structure that connects the kidney to the bladder
ureter
Small finger-like projections that line the intestine are called ____
villi
Cattle have 80 to 100 sites of attachments between embryo/fetus and dam. These points are called ____
placentomes
The wall of the bladder contains ____ muscle
smooth
The ____ produces bile
liver
Female cats enter _____ when nursing
anestrus
The ____ gland produces throxine
thyroid
Dr. Edward ____ is credited with the first vaccination
Jenner
____ and ____ have the primary responsibility of phagocizing antigens when first detected by the body
neutrophils, macrophages
The _____ gland controls body temperature
hypothalamus
Animals that exhibit uncoordinated muscle movement are said to be ____
ataxic
Calcitonin is produced by the ____
thyroid
The first vaccine was developed to protect humans from _____
small pox
The ____ removes aged red blood cells from circulation
spleen
The site of recognition on an antigen is called the ___
antigenic determinant
A(n) ____ is the junction where nerve impulses are transmitted
synapse
A(n) ____ discharge indicates the presence of pus
purulent
The ____ is the simplest unit of function within the nervous system
reflex arc
The common name for listeriosis is _____ disease
circling
An accumulation of pus is called a(n) ____
abscess
The _____ gland is often called the master gland
pituitary
____ is the human disease closely associated with cowpox
smallpox
Humans can contract listeriosis by consuming ____ dairy products
unpasterized
A long thin extension of a neuron is called a(n) ____
axon
Antibody-rich first milk is called ______
colostrum
A(n) _____ is a test involving injection of dye that is used to diagnose intervertebral disk disease
myelogram
Gray matter is housed in the ____ region of the spinal cord
inside
The fluid carried throughout the lymphatic system is called _____
lymph
Intranasal vaccines are given through the _____
nose
In nystagmus, the ____ jerk in a rhythmic fashion
eyes
The rod cells in the retina are receptive to _____
light
The vestibular apparatus helps an animal maintain _
balance
Vitamin ___ is produced by the skin when exposed to light
D
The dorsal root, which exits the spinal cord, carries _____ nerves
sensory
A(n) _____ immune response results when an animal has previously contracted a disease
secondary
A(n) ____ pathogen must attach itself to a cell before it invades the cell
viral
The pituitary divides into ____ and ____ lobes
anterior, posterior