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force applied per unit


=760 mmHg

Boyle's law

PV=PV; constant is temperature

Avagadro's contribution to the gas laws

states that at constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present

ideal gas law


gas constant R

.0821 liter atmospheres/mole degree K

gas density


Dalton's law of partial pressure

the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the individual gas pressures

Maxwell's kinetic molecular theory of gases

treats molecules as hard spheres with no internal structure; gas molecules are in constant motion in random directions; they don't react with one another; any two gases at the same temperature will have the same average kinetic energy

gas diffusion

the gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties

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