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Com Ethics Test 2
Ethics Test 2. You need to study or you're going to fail.
Terms in this set (18)
-Philosophy of Pessimism
-Ethics of Sympathy
Philosophy of Pessimism
-The experience of the human life is miserable
-Humans have a tendency to become bored
-So many struggles, so few joys
-Still ethics required when life is miserable
Ethics of Sympathy
-We're in the same situations, we all experience the miserable times
-We shouldn't put down or judge others, we should help each other and try to ease each others experience of life
-curb desire, help others with compassion
-Father of Existentialism
-We are responsible for our lives
-Crowd is always wrong
-Opinions of crowd are false response, and an attempt to avoid responsibility
-Freedom is desired, but it also produces angst/anxiety in the indiv
Kierkegaard-Three Modes of Existence
-No responsibility, ppl do not deal w/ questions of life, fill lives with entertainment & distractions
-Person chooses to stand for something, chooses to be something, to find strength w/in self, not to look to others to bring what you believe
-Ultimate feeling for permanence, Ult answer for him
-objectification of male as positive norm means female becomes "other"
-females experience alienation males do not
-wrote The Second Sex
-what we become is totally up to us
-individual responsibility (good vs. bad)
-humans feel anguish, abandonment, despair
-we're not sure if life means anything
-I-thou- respect as person
-I-it- relate to people as objects, self-centered
-Anglican Man-you can be guided, but certain situations sometimes prevent that. Guiding principle is love
-Resisted Nazis early on
-Became double agent w/ Nazis, attempted to kill Hitler (Valkyrie)
-Although christian, decided no Hitler was better for the world.
-We should explore the objects of our existence conformed to how we interpret it
Modern day Perception
-The process of selecting (3 aspects), organizing (your brain "sorts out"), and interpreting (experience of our lives, opinions of others) information we receive in order to give it personal meaning
--Three aspects of selecting.
---Selective Attention-Many things around us, but we focus on only certain things
---Selective Exposure-We expose ourselves to things that fit our opinion
---Selective Retention-We choose what we want to remember.
-respect others' opinions and their right to an opinion because we all have different perceptions
What determines right or wrong is not a set principle but depends on the situation
-Elite class vs. bewildered heard
Dialogical Ethical Perspective
-An exchange of info or ideas between two or more persons
-Each person's opinion valued, don't have to accept the opinion
What Kierkegaard and Socrates shared in common
1. Search for the truth
2. Devotion to the truth
Characteristics of Dialogue
-Spirits of mutual equality
-Support of climate
8 Part Case Analysis Formula
1. what is the problem?
2. who is affected?
3. what other facts do we know about case?
4. three ethical theories, how do they apply?
5. recommendation for solving of dilemma
6. predictable consequences of recommendation
7. best argument against your recommendation
8. would you keep your recommendation?
Sets with similar terms
Personality Puzzle - Chapter 13
Psy 255 Chapter 12