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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
World History UNIT 6/ Final Review
Terms in this set (46)
Name one of the Germanic Tribes that occupied the Roman Empire?
What step did King Clovis make that helped him gain the support of his conquered people as well as the pope?
He converted to christianity, the religion of people in Gaul
What was the role of Missi Dominici?
they administered the law
During what Treaty was Europe split into three regions?
Treaty of Verdun
What group broke the last threads of unity in Europe?
What system was used by medieval societies in order to help them protect themselves, their land, and their homes?
What was a vassal given in exchange for their loyalty and military service?
a piece of land
What term refers to the code of Conduct for Knights?
Christians believed that what would lead them to salvation
Papal Supremacy gave the pope
Authority over all kings and emperors
How were Friars different from other monks?
They traveled and preached the Gospels
What group of people were often blamed for illness and famine in Medieval Times?
What crop restored fertility to the soil in the crop rotation system?
What document would set rights and privileges of the town?
What practice was adopted from Muslim Merchants?
Use of credit
Merchants, traders, and artisans formed a new class in society. What was it called?
What association made rules regulating trade, hours, and wages?
Why did newcomers to Medieval society usually settle outside of the city walls?
the city was overcrowded within city walls
What change occured to buildings in this time period due to overcrowding?
taller houses and shops were made.
What did William the Conqueror do the strengthen his power after becoming king?
he required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him
How was common law unique for its time?
It applied to all of england
What caused the problem between Henry II and Thomas Beckett?
Henry claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts
Why did King John sign the Magna Carta?
To appease rebellious nobles angered over his abuse of power
What did the Magna Carta do/mean?
limit the power of king john
How did English King Edawrd change Parliament?
including representatives of the "common people"
What did the Concordat of Worms do to church power?
elect and invest bishops with spiritual authority
Monarchs gained more power by strengthening ties with in the Middle Ages with what group?
What were the effects of the campaigns of Frederick II into Italy?
it allowed german nobles to become independent
Which Pope called Christians to free the Holy Land?
Pope Urban II
What was the result of the First Crusade?
Christian knights captured Jerusalem
The Reconquista planned to drive Muslims out of what place?
What epidemic spread from Mongolia during the Middle Ages?
Who/what was seeking more educated people during the Middle Ages?
What famous poem takes the reader on a journey to heaven, hell, and purgatory?
The Divine Comedy
Why was such little progress made in science during the Middle Ages?
Conflict between faith and reason, all true knowledge must fit with church teachings
What was the result of the Hundred Years War on France? How was England effected?
France gained a sense of monarchy, England moved towards parliament
What was one of the economic effects of the plague?
What type of architecture is known for its graceful spires and tall windows
The Gothic style
What story follows a chivalric hero who sacrifices his life out of a sense of honor?
Song of Roland
Who wrote Summa Theologica?
St. Thomas Aquinas
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
Association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
The Magna Carta
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215.
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
The Bubonic Plague
disease brought to Europe from the Mongols during the Middle Ages. It killed 1/3 of the population and helps end Feudalism. Rats, fleas.
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
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