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40 terms

English Study Guide

Flashcards for english exam
STUDY
PLAY
Simple Tenses
(there arre only three: past, present, and future) they only use the base word with a suffix or a future helper.
Walk
Simple present for walk
Walked
Simple past for walk
Will Walk
Simple future for walk
Perfect Tenses
the action has been completed. They always use the helper HAVE, HAS, or HAD. (depending on the tense) and the ending is ED always.
Have walked
Present Perfect for walk
HE has walked
present perfect for walk (remember, you have to conjugate here in a diffrent way)
Had walked
Past perfect for walk
will have walked
future perfect for walk
Subject
the subject or topic of a conversation or discussion
Predicate
tells what the subject is or does
Prepositional phrase
a phrase consisting of a preposition, a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition, and any modifiers
Direct Object
the object that receives the direct action of the verb
Indirect object
comes after the verb, but before the direct object. Names the person or thing that recieves something, or for which something is done.
Predicate Noun
is a noun that follows a linking verb. It tells what the subject is
Predicate Adjective
an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject
Adjective
describes a noun, and in diagramming is on a tilted line below the word it modifies
Adverb
A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or adverb. It usually ends in "ly" ex: slowly
Compound Subject
two or more subjects joined together usually by "and" or "or" that share a common verb, is placed on the rocket ship/pencil while diagramming
compound verb
two or more verbs joined together by "and" or "or". it is placed on the rocket ship/pencil while diagramming.
Compound Sentence
two sentences joined together by a FANBOYS
Introduction
Needs to be exciting, hook the readers attention, States the main topic and previews the structure of the paper,
Transitions
Need to be thoughtful, connect two paraghraphs together and clearly show how they connect.
singular
(one)
plural
(more than one)
First person pronouns
I,(singular) we(plural)
Second Person Pronouns
You(singular), You(plural)
Third Person Pronouns
He, she, it, who (singular) they (plural)
Object Pronouns
cannot be conjugated they RECIEVE the action, not create (do) the action.
They cannot be put with a verb (it is incorrect to say "me went to the store")
They do have person and number, though.
You and It
both can be object or subject
Her
can be an object or it can be possessive
Possive Pronouns
her, his, its(NO APOSTROPHE), mine, my, your, yours, our, ours, their, theirs.
Principle Parts
base, past, past participle, and present participle.
Base (principle part)
uses only the simple verb form and makes the PRESENT TENSE and the FUTURE TENSE (with a helper: will or shall) (it is a principle part)
Past (principle part)
uses the simple verb with -ed (for regular verbs) OR -t, -n, -d (for irregular verbs) (it is a principle part)
Past Participle (priniple part)
uses a helper HAVE, HAS, OR HAD (depending on person and tense) and the endings -ed or -en (it is a participle)
Present Participle (principle part)
uses the helpers AM, IS, ARE, WAS, WERE, BE (Depending on person and tense) (it is a participle)
subject pronouns
usually the subject, can be used with verbs.
(, I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)
Object pronoun
is used as a direct/indirect object in a sentence; example: Rebecca gave ME a gift.
progressive tenses
tense where the actttion is being done. ALWAYS uses am, is, are, was or were.