14 terms

Helping and Agression

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Helping
Any behaviors intended to benefit another person. Also called pro-social behavior.
Altruism
Voluntarily,self sacrificing behaviors intended to benefit another person with no expectation of external reward
Egoism
An ethical doctrine that individual self interest is the active motive of all conscious action. Cynical- helping people b/c wanting something in return.
Empathy
An emotional response to others as if we ourselves were in the other person's situation, feeling pleasure at their pleasure and pain at their pain
Empathy-altruism hypothesis
A hypothesis that states that empathetic concerns for a person in need evokes altruistic helping.
Social responsibility norm
A societal rule that tells people they should help others who need help even if doing so is costly.
Aggression
Behavior intended to harm another person and which that person wants to avoid (2 rules: death instinct and frustration-aggression hypothesis)
Death instinct
the innate urge that we carry in us to destroy. Ex: CAT and MOUSE (first argument for aggression)
Frustration
the blocking of goal-directed activity
Frustration-aggression hypothesis
Every frustration leads to some form of aggression and every aggression act due to some prior frustration. How close you are to your goal determine how frustrated you are (second argument for aggression)
Aversive affect
An emotion that a person feels (negative effects) that individual seeks to reduce or eliminate (e.g. anger or pain)
Interpersonal attraction
A positive attitude held by one person toward another person
Mere exposure effect
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus which produce a positive attitude toward it
Norm of homogamy
A social norm requiring that friends, lovers, spouses be characterized by similarity in age, race religion and socioeconomic status.