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Materials 2 Final
Terms in this set (48)
Name at least 3 key pieces of information that must be included in an IEP.
What accommodation/modifications are needed, how the accommodation/modifications help the student, and if the accommodation/modifications are helping the student.
1. Client will produce /f/ several times given the clinician's model. What is needed to make this goal better?
Client will comprehend 2-step directions 100% of the time. What is needed to make this goal better?
Talk about why therapist might assign homework. What is an example of homework that you could send home with an articulation student?
A therapist might assign homework for extra practice, a client would need to work on therapy techniques more than just at therapy. An example would be practicing the /s/ at home, making sure they pronounce it properly.
Please define and give specific examples for accommodations and modification.
Accommodation is help for a student/client, an example would be extended time on assignments or tests. Modification would be change to aid in a student's/client's learning, an example would be rewording questions in simpler language.
Define and give 3 examples on phonological processes.
Stopping, using stops in places of others. Fronting, using front sounds for all other phonemes. Backing, using backing sounds for other phonemes.
Why do we consider generalization to be most important lesson in programming?
Individual apply something learned in a specific situation to other similar situations which is marked by progress toward therapy goals.
Define and contract the Developmental/Normative strategy and the Client-specific strategy. Which one is similar to the form strategy and which one is similar to the function approach as outlines in the Sancibrian article?
Normative approach would be based on the clients age and development while client specific is not based on age it is based on the clients needs. For example, Sarai needing to say /s/ because that is in her name. Normative would be relate to form while client-specific would be function.
Students who do not beet the eligibility requirements for an IEO but need some assistance with accommodations might need.
1. What is a good verb for a 'do' statement in a goal?
During an observation, what are at least 5 things you should be looking for and thinking about?
Is the therapy appropriate, are the goals clear, is the clinician giving clear instructions, is the client following the clinician's instructions, and is the therapist meeting the goal.
Which is a common problem during an interview?
Difficulty establishing rapport, asking too many yes/no questions, and asking redundant questions.
If a parent or caregiver enters an interview and appears to be ill at ease, what could you say to them to make them feel more comfortable?
I would just comfort them, make the parent feel comfortable and involved is very important. Depending on the situation would be what I would say.
In looking at EBP's, the client and family's beliefs and preferences are just as important as using
current scientific evidence
In setting the level for the target behavior, if the client obtains a baseline between _______ and ______ training can begin at the level of difficulty.
50% and 70%
Speech Pathologist and Audiologists are considered to be covered entities and must adhere to the rules of HIPAA.
What are at least three possible function of challenging behavior?
Attention, get everyone's attention or just specific person (acts out for attention). Obtain, get what you want (toy, doll, or book). Escape, get out of doing something you do not like.
What are some responsibilities that the public school has in dealing with the students with challenging behaviors?
They have to modify and accommodate for student. An IEP team you Decide what be best for the student and putting those in the place. Like a student needs breaks to recuperate or a personal schedule.
Challenging behaviors could include?
Daily meltdowns and evolving screaming, shoving or pushing other students several times a day, and running out of the classroom or building.
What is important to consider when collecting data on behavior?
Deciding on the form and function of the behavior. Function is why they're having a behavior; attention, escape, or obtain.
The child exhibits challenging behaviors to obtain a toy. The teacher gives him the toy to make him stop. The next time he wants the toy, he will repeat this behavior. This is an example of
Give some examples of how you can work with a teacher or parent to incorporate some proactive strategies to reduce the likelihood of challenging behaviors occurring again.
You would model the reinforced behavior, you could use "first then" cards for a five-point scale to represent behavior/ appropriate responses. Bring another way would be if the student doesn't like an activity or is misbehaving at a certain time, consider switching up the schedule.
What is another word for what triggers a behavior?
What is important of individualizing reinforcers to students?
It is important because every student is different, not all children like stickers. Find something with the student likes, and make it personal to them.
The article for the Smithsonian discussed three major areas exciting to research.
Dopamine, gene mutation, and neural activity.
Core behaviors of stuttering do not include?
Core behaviors of stuttering included?
Prolongation, repetition, and blocks.
The onset of stuttering usually occurs between?
2 to 5 years
Defining give examples of secondary stuttering.
Escape and avoidance, some escapes to be blinking, tapping of foot/hand, Head nods, etc. Avoidance would be using lesser feared vocabulary or rewording what you would say were going to say. Escape is dang stutter in avoidance is anticipated.
Which is not a typical development dysfluency?
Which of these characteristics associated with recovery from stuttering?
Female, no family history stuttering, and no coexisting phonological or cognitive problems.
Please give some key clients for the speech and public schools follow-up nine years later.
Some key factors from the article are the large caseloads, experiences, and where the SLP went to school are affecting factors to therapy a client receives.
Please discuss at least four key parts of the evaluation report.
The lesson meaning to understand the Evaluation report is so we can interpret to the family caregivers the Client, we need to understand as an SLP for the client.
Please discuss at least four key characteristics counselor possesses
Sensitive, respectful, comfortable, in clear way of explanation. Make it clear to the client instead of using confusing terminology.
What does ASHA see as some of the important functions of counseling?
One being making the clients are comfortable and helping them understand why they are in therapy, another is being respectful of the client or family.
Please describe the differences between nonfluent and fluent aphasia. Also list examples of nonfluent and fluent aphasia.
fluent aphasia is fluent speech but no comprehension these include Wernicke's and anomia. Nonfluent is good comprehension but poor speech examples are Broca's, transcortical motor and Global.
errors in speech output; characterize the production of unattened sound, syllables, or words.
is invention of words I have not true meaning but adheres to the rules of language.
paralysis or weakness on one side of the body.
visual field deficit.
Share the types of cueing that you can use with an aphasia client.
semantics, graphemics, phonemic, thyme, sentence completion, sentence completion + phonemic cue, and model
describing the word
giving the sound
using a rhyming word
Sentence completion cue
giving a sentence to complete
sentence completion + phonemic cue
completing sentence and giving the sound
say the word
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