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Social Studies Midterm
Terms in this set (135)
everything on this is pulled directly from test one
500-1500, (can be called medieval period) It is the in-between of Ancient & Modern History.
1000-1500, Loss of almost all true christianity (it became very distorted) and there was a large loss of knowledge.
The Battle of Tours
732 A.D., Muslims vs Frankish. (Frankish were led by Charles Martel) Frankish won and kept the muslims from spreading to Western Europe. Significance of Frankish winning is: if not, we would prob. B muslims and there would be very little christianity.
The Petrine Theory.
Jesus gave authority to Peter. Peter became Bishop of Rome. He passed it down to next Pope and on. Popes then had authority over all Christiandom.
Rollo the Viking
Norseman Viking Chief. Makes deal w/ Frankish king. The Franks allow them to settle in Normandy & the vikings bcome part of the Frankish Empire.
What country of the M.A. is this over?
What 2 people groups of the M.A. is this over?
Roman and Germanic
Germanic people who settled in todays France and Germany
Who's reign began the Frankish line of kings
basically had power of kings
(M.O.P) Mayor of The Palace
Donation of Pepin
Land given to the Roman Church/Pope by the King of the Franks.
Who enlarged the Frankish Empire to its largest extent
Arabian religion that started c.600 yrs after christ' birth.
Peoples whose religion is Islam
Islam rejected the deity of _____ ______
The Vikings were:
Explorers, Raiders, & Settlers
Town where Mohammed founded Islam
ritual prayer preformed 5 times a day by Muslims
Muslims beliefs recited under oath
Pilgrimage to Mecca for Muslims
Daylight fasting during the month of Ramadan
The Hall of Slain/"Viking Heaven"
Norse spirit of evil
Norse god of thunder
Norse god of battle
Woden / Odin
King of the Norse gods
Female warriors who carried slain warriors
Queen of the Norse gods
The white god (Norse)
place where repentant sinners had to stay after death until properly punished
Banishment from the church
A journey made for religious reasons.
Objects that are said to be part of the body or material effects of a saint.
Certificates sold by Popes to reduce time in purgatory.
Only popes could read these
Bible (they were in latin)
Complex worship service within the Catholic Church (all in latin)
Head of the Roman Catholic Church
deceased Christians officially recognized by the church as holy because of martyrdom, or other good deeds
Repentant sinners had to undergo these punishments to show that they were truly sorry for their sins.
They personally knew and were taught by Jesus.
The Pope's pronouncements or written words
This is pulled from Test 1,
In the Dark Ages, people often shared their houses with their livestock
During the M.A. the catholic church was the foundation of civilization in Europe.
King Arthur was prob. a celtic king who fought against the invading Saxon tribes
The Vikings were the first people settled in England
Mohammed believed that his will was Allah's will
In the Dark Ages ppl did not understand how germs and diseases were spread
Clovis I was the first king of the Franks
Rollo and his vikings settled in Normandy
Muslims do not believe Jesus is the Son of God
Charlemagne enlarged the Frankish Empire to its largest extent.
Be able to write a responce for the following question
Relationship between the Church and King
Test 1, know The Mediterranean & The Middle East
BONUS' FOR TEST I
what was the favorite raiding target of the vikings
What was the Holy grail
Cup used during the last supper and is said to have collected some of Jesus' blood while he was on the cross
Charlemagne wrote many books about angels and demons.
know the distortions of the catholic church
Everything on this has been pulled directly from Test 2
The Battle of Hastings
1066 A.D. Battle between William The Conqueror & Harold Godwin to see who would become king of The Saxons (significance: he established the feudal system. He established network of castles to control England.)
Slash and Burn
A farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops in the south american rain forest. (significance: people could have food to survive)
The Black Death
believed to be the bubonic plague. It killed 1/2 - 1/3 the people of Western Europe. It starts from fleas passing it to rats, then rats passing the disease to humans. (it caused Feudalism to end.)
Stained Glass Windows
used to illustrate stories from the Bible. very helpful to ppl who couldn't own Bibles/read them nor understand Mass'. Most all M.A stained glass was Biblical. Each symbol and color has meaning. Nowadays it is used for modern art as well.
A Knights Fateful Flaw
If a knight fell off his horse, he could not get himself back up.
The largest (by volume) river in the world
Name of Mountain Range in South America.
Color meanings of stained glass
Red- Christ' blood
Gold- of Heaven/Heavenly
Symbols in Stained Glass
Dove- Holy Spirit
Flower- Gods Love
Alpha & Omega- Eternality of Christ
Flames- The appearance of God to men.
Chess Pieces Moves
-Kings move one square in any direction
-Queens move diagonally, horizontally, or vertically any number of squares.
-Rooks move horizontally or vertically any number of squares.
-Bishops move diagonally any number of squares.
-Knights move in an 'L' shape': two squares in a horizontal or vertical direction, then move one square horizontally or vertically. They are the only piece able to jump over other pieces.
-Pawns move vertically forward one square, with the option to move two squares if they have not yet moved. Pawns capture one square diagonally in a forward direction. Upon reaching the other side of the board a pawn promotes into any other piece, except for a king.
When the king cant move to any square w/out being able get out.
Code of Chivalry
a set of rules that knights followed
1. Loyally serve lord and king
2. Help poor and weak
3. Behave bravely in battle
4. Protect the church.
The Court of Love
Glorification of romantic love between a knight and a woman. they were courteous composed poems and music, we owe much of our manner traditions to then.
5. battle axe
What ended the usefulness of the knight?
Pike men - hooked knights off horses and rendered them useless.
What ended the usefulness of castles?
Why is it unlikely for the bubonic plague to spread again like it did in the M.A.?
1. We have better hygiene and waste control practices
2. We have antibiotics
3. We understand and know how to contol the animals and isects that spread the disease.
1. Countries of Central America
2. Islands of the Greater Antilles
3. Countries of South America
4. What European country colonized south america, central america and the carribean
5. Know where Aztec, Incan and Mayan are on a map.
What came to England as the result of the Battle of Hastings
The capital city of the Aztecs
they brought about the end of the Aztec and Incan Empires
Modern day country that once was the site of the Aztec Civ.
Name given to the land of Palestine/Isreal
Another name for Eastern Roman Empire.
Muslim leader of the 3rd Crusade?
Census of England was contained in this book "The ________ Book"
Capital city of the Incas
Castles built of wood
Motte and Bailey
A province in France
These ppls were less affected by the plague
The French and English language combined to form "______ English"
This group massacred Christian Pimgrims
why did the nobility want to be knighted?
they wanted the status and power that came with it
What was the Bayeux Tapestry?
a tapestry that depicted the battle of hastings
How did the Black Death come to Europe
Trading ships on the black sea
Where was the Mayan civilization?
What religion were the majority of ppl in south amer. and central amer.
Were south and central dictatorships known for corruption?
Concept of Fuedalism
Concept of Feudalism
The way of life based off ownership of land. Lords were ppl who owned fiefs (parts of land) they lent it to vassals (ppl who borrow land) in return for promised services. Kings had crown land(their personal land) and the rest of the land were fiefs for High Nobles who split their land in parts for lesser and lesser nobles. serfs had the smallest amount of land. they typically had small house garden and maybe animals. they couldn't be sold or killed but worked very hard for their lords. the black plague brought an end to feudalism when there was less ppl to work, and work became valuable. eventually they demanded more for their work and the vassals were willing to give it.
The Mongol Empire
1204-1502 Nomadic ppl group from Mongolia. Led by Genghis Khan. Conquered a lot including China & ect. had the worlds finest calvary. ppl were promoted by merit. they practiced fake retreats and were well disciplined and had a rep. of being ruthless and scary. (the empire came to an end when it was to large to manage)
The Magna Carta
June 15, 1215. Nobles and Barrons made King John sign this b/c of his bad behaviors. It got rid of some of the kings power. gave ppl more power, ppl guilty of treason were allowed to have trial. kings couldn't become dictators now. also helped from bill of rights. if the king broke laws, 25 nobles were allowed to fight him.
Gutenberg, Moveable Type, and the Printing Press
1440-1450. Johannas Gutenberg invented the printing press and moveable type (or he took it from China) Moveable type was a tool that raised letters on metal stamps and organized them in a frame to create a pg. of a book. The Printing Press was the machine that pressed paper onto the frame of the M.T. this could make 200-300 pgs of a book a day. more books knowledge and the bible became available. this a=is also said to have eded the M.A.
the Golden Age of China
960-1279 during Song Dynasty. a very high point in history for china. there were many new inventions, scholars, and ppl were generally wealthy.
Western China is sparely populated and mountainess. Eastern China is highly populated. Eastern china is higher populated bc of the water supply and farming ability.
China's Practice of Isolation
1644-1900, they missed the renaissance and many new inventions
common characteristics of Chinas 3 major religions
Way of life.
Chinas 3 Major Religions
Confucius- children respect parents, parents obey/respect government and emperor
Taoism- Harmony with nature (YinYang Sign)
Buddhism- (from India) inner peace, enlightenment, reincarnation.
Capitol city of China
Capitol of Japan
Where is Tokyo located?
Conquering general, lord and knights of medieval japan
in the same way knights served kings under feudal system...
samaruis served the lords and shogun of japan
The 100 Years War
England vs. France; France won; Joan of Arc unified France and won it for them
Story about 47 Ronin who go to kill the person who practically killed their master. After being caught after killing their target, they are allowed to commit seppuku honorably, instead of being killed disgracefully.
How did the story of the 47 Ronin illustrate shame and dishonor
ppl figured out they killed Kira, which was shameful so they committed seppuku
How was China mostly ruled
paper $, moveable type, gunpowder, compass, porcelain, silk cloth, fireworks
What do you call the Islands of Japan
Whats The Ring of Fire?
a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur
Japan's religion nowadays
Joan of Arc
peasant girl who led french army to victory over the english in the 100 year's war
Japan's highest mountain peak/most well known mountain of Japan
Ruthless Leader of the Mongol Empire
Samurai code of honor
The Ring of Fire
A string of active volcanos
A lady who doesn't want her father to die in war. She pretends to be his son and not daughter and takes his place.
Japanese Dynasty that lasted c.600 yrs
Suicide as an expression of honor
BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY
BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY
The Islands of Japan
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