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Terms in this set (60)
Which party won the 2020 general election in New Zealand?
Why was the October 18 2020 election in New Zealand so notable?
It is unusual for one party to take a majority of seats in a mixed member proportional electoral system
Which of the following is NOT true of the October 18 2020 Bolivian general election?
The election was won by a right-wing political movement, focusing on conservative economic policies
What is the primary role of a party "whip"?
To ensure discipline among party members so that they vote along party lines on important votes
What were the two dominant colonial powers that influenced the development of South Africa?
British and Dutch
What does the term "apartheid" mean in the context of South Africa?
Separation between races
What is the name of the dominant political party in South Africa since 1994?
African National Congress
Which of the following is NOT true about the South African system of government?
The capital Pretoria houses all branches of government
Which of the following is true of Mandela's perspective on the struggle for freedom and democracy in South Africa?
Violence is unfortunate but necessary because of government repression and should focus on hard military targets
With whom does Nelson Mandela negotiate a democratic transition for South Africa?
F.W. de Klerk
In Political Order in Changing Societies, what does Huntington argue is the "most important political distinction among countries"?
The degree of their government (strength of governing institutions)
Which of the following is NOT a central argument of modernization theory?
Modernization leads to peace and stability
In Political Order in Changing Societies (Huntington), to what does the "political gap" refer?
Social and political mobilization increase faster than the level of political institutionalization
Which of the following is NOT one of the "uniformities" that Crane Brinton (Anatomy of Revolution) finds in his studies of revolutions?
Revolutions start off with dramatic acts that clearly separate them from other types of rebellion
Which three revolutions does Theda Skocpol study in her structural analysis of revolutions?
France, Russia, China
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a social revolution?
The revolution leads to more democratic and equitable outcomes
Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that Skocpol argues causes social revolutions?
Active foreign funding of the revolutionaries
What is the religion of state in Iran?
Which of the following best represent's Ayatollah Khomeini's vision of rule known as velayat-e faqih?
The people with the most power in government should be those who understand God's will best (the clerics and Islamic legal scholars)
Which of the following is one possible way of thinking about the main political factions in Iran?
Reformists vs. Conservatives (Principalists)
According to the reading on the third wave of democracy, which country's transition to democracy started the third wave?
What distinguishes a process of political liberalization from democratization?
Liberalization leads to more civil liberties and a political opening but may fall short of transition to a full democracy
In which wave of democratization did the overthrow of communist rule in Eastern Europe occur?
What was the name of the Polish political movement that won the government election in 1989 that led to a transition from communist rule?
Which of the following is a key argument of "Now Out of Never" by Timur Kuran?
People sometimes publicly falsify their preferences, making their behavior difficult to predict during revolutions
Which of the following is NOT one of the things that Robert Putnam thinks follow from active participation in civil society (or the civic community) in Making Democracy Work?
Pursuit of local self-interest
Which part of Italy has the best civil society engagement and also the best governance outcomes?
How did the Portuguese colonizers of Brazil find the labor that they needed to build a thriving sugar economy?
They imported millions of slaves from Africa
Which of the following best characterizes the development of Brazilian politics in the hundred years between 1888-1988?
Repeated military coups alternating with periods of democratic rule
Which of the following best describes Brazil's contemporary political institutions?
A presidential system with a bicameral legislature
Which of the following best represents the "primordial" view of identity as described by Geertz?
Many identities like race, language, and religion, are natural and a "given," leading people to form strong group attachments
Which of the following best represents the "constructivist" view of identity as described by Eller and Cochlan?
Core identities like ethnicity are the product of social influences and institutional incentives, and can even be invented under the right circumstances
What best describes the identities of the main groups fighting in the Lebanese civil war?
Which of the following are the names of the Palestinian territories?
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons for tension between the Israelis and Palestinians as described in the Friedman reading?
Israeli worries of being abandoned by the United States
What is a main finding about the reasons for civil war (as described in Fearon/Laitin)?
Civil wars are more common when conditions in the country favor insurgency, like a weak central government
Which of the following is NOT one of the "master narratives" of Indian politics as described by Varshney?
India as a place for religious "fundamentalism"
Which of the following best describes the Indian regime?
Which political party currently governs India?
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
What is the largest minority religious group in India?
Which of the following is closest to the definition of terrorism as outlined in the reading for this week?
The use of violence by non-state actors against civilians to achieve a political goal
Which of the following do the textbook authors NOT believe is one of the reasons that religion and political violence are sometimes connected?
Religion is inherently violent in the sense that it is designed to exclude others who do not share the same belief system
Which of the following best approximates the definition of genocide?
State-sponsored mass killing of a group with the intent to exterminate them
What best describes the meaning of the word "intifada," as discussed in the Friedman reading?
What became the main symbolic act of the Palestinian intifada?
Which of the following is NOT one of the key elements of contemporary state failure outlined in this week's readings (Robert Rotberg)?
Increasing authoritarianism and political repression
Which of the following best represents the core argument in this week's readings (Jeffrey Herbst) about why African states are usually very weak?
African states did not develop strong institutions because they did not emerge from the competition of interstate war
From which colonial power did Nigeria become independent in 1960?
Which of the following represents the largest source of revenue for the Nigerian government, and which has influenced Nigerian political development by entrenching corruption?
What best describes the group Boko Haram?
An radical Islamist group leading an insurgency in Northern Nigeria
Which of the following is one of the principles theorized in Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations?
Countries have some areas where they have a comparative advantage, and this is where they should focus to achieve economic growth
Which of the following best describes "mercantilsm," as discussed in the text?
A political economic system that prioritizes national economic power and uses the domestic economy for state purposes
Which of the following is a characteristic of export-oriented industrialization?
Focuses on specific industries to integrate into the global economy and ultimately generate wealth through free trade
What are two factors that reduce economic capital per person over time, which must be compensated for in order for countries to emerge from a poverty trap (as discussed by Sachs)?
Depreciation and Population Growth
Which of the following does Sachs propose is often necessary for countries to emerge from a poverty trap?
What does a Gini coefficient measure?
The level of economic inequality in society
Which of the following are characteristics of "good" or "inclusive" political institutions that lead to economic development (according to Acemoglu)?
All of the above
What are the two dimensions of potential explanations for why Africa has grown slowly? (as discussed in the Collier and Gunning piece)
Domestic/External and Policy/Destiny
What is the name of the longstanding governing political party in Mexico that lost presidential power in 2000?
Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI)
Which of the following has NOT been a major issue in Mexican politics?
Legacies of state socialism
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