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Social Studies Exam
Terms in this set (128)
a person who owes loyalty to a nation and is entitled to all its rights and protections
a person who completes the legal process for becoming a citizen if born outside the U.S.
a person who enters another country in order to settle there
a noncitizen living in the U.S.
the willingness to work for the good of the nation or community even at great sacrifice
the feeling of love and devotion toward one's country
a responsibility of every citizen to participate when called upon
the result if a person lies on a citizenship application
a person who gives allegiance to another country
by making an informed decision based on candidates and issues
How does a citizen responsibly exercise his or her right to vote?
citizens have to know their rights and stay informed in order to be free
What did Thomas Jefferson mean when he said, "If a nation expects to be ignorant and free....... it expects what never was and never will be"?
the right to serve as President or Vice President
Naturalized citizens enjoy the same rights as natural-born citizens except:
The Bill of Rights guarantees trial by jury, so serving on one keeps the system going
What is a reason to serve on a jury when called to do so?
volunteering for a community program
Give an example of civic virtue
obey the law
While taking the Oath of Allegiance to the U.S., a person is basically saying that he or she will:
What is best for our society?
What should be a responsible citizen's first thought when deciding whom to vote for?
Voting, obeying the laws, defending the nation, and serving on juries are examples of:
Japan to Japanese parents
Americans can not be born in:
must be 18 years old; have lived in the U.S, for at least 5 years; good moral character; understand the nation's laws
What are 4 of the 5 requirements in completing the naturalization process
the Federal Government
Who has the power to grant or revoke citizenship?
vote; obey the law; serve on a jury
What are 3 characteristics of a responsible citizen?
Name one of the founding fathers who put the common good of the nation ahead of their own wishes.
Opening statement to our Constitution
The people have the final say in their government
Supreme Court power to declare a law unconstitutional
Proposed law that is introduced in either the House or Senate
Every state has 2 members
Government has only the power the Constitution gives it
There are 7 which establish the framework for our government
complex system for electing the President
not allowed under the Constitution
Checks and Balances
each branch of government has the ability to prevent abuse and control by either of the other two branches
to bring formal charges of wrongdoing against the President
highest court of the land and their decision is final
House of Representatives
larger of the tow houses in Congress with 435 members
division of power between the federal government and the states
to ask a higher court to review a lower court's decision
"to secure the blessings of liberty"
Which statement in the Preamble best reflects the principle of the Bill of Rights?
people elect representatives to make laws
What is an idea that defines a republic?
the House or Senate introduces a bill, and if both houses approve it and the President signs it, the bill becomes a law
What is the path a bill must take to become a law?
by its number of senators and representatives
How do states determine their number of electors in the electoral college?
by presidential appointment and Senate approval
How does someone become a member of the Supreme Court?
charged by the House of wrongdoing
When a President is impeached, he is:
they tend to be longer and more detailed
What is a way in which most state constitutions differ from the national consitution?
they are not mentioned in the U.S. constitution
What is unusual about local governments as opposed to state and federal government
Separation of Powers
The three branches of government as descried in Articles 1-3 of the Constitution illustrates the principle of:
by dividing power between federal and state government
How does the Constitution reflect the principle of federalism?
a law passed by congress is unconstitutional
The term "Judicial review" means that the Supreme court has the ability to determine if:
it provides for a system of checks and balances between branches
What does the principle of separation of powers make possible in American government?
Who is the president of the U.S.?
John Kennedy and Bill Cassidy
Who are the senators for Louisiana?
Who is the representative from District 6 in Louisiana?
How old do you have to be to serve in the House of Represenatives?
How old do you have to be to become president?
How old do you have to be to serve in the Senate?
How many years must you have been a citizen of the U.S. to become a senator?
How many years must you have been a citizen of the U.S. to become a representative?
What is the president's salary?
You have to be a ------------- -------- U.S. citizen to become president of the United States.
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
How long is a term in the Senate?
How long do Supreme Court Justices serve for?
2 four year terms
How many terms can the president serve?
How long is a representative's term?
Supreme Court Justices
Who are appointed by the President?
someone comes up with an idea
What is the first step to how a bill becomes a law?
the bill is introduced in either the House of Senate
What is the second step to how a bill becomes a law?
the bill is assigned to a committee in either the House or Senate
What is the third step to how a bill becomes a law?
the committee votes on the bill
What is the fourth step to how a bill becomes a law?
the bill goes to the entire House or Senate. It is debated and voted on
What is the fifth step to how a bill becomes a law?
the bill goes to the other house. It is debated and voted on
What is the sixth step to how a bill becomes a law?
the bill goes to the president
What is the seventh step to how a bill becomes a law?
the president can sign the bill into law or veto the bill
What is the eighth step to how a bill becomes a law?
Bill of rights
protects basic liberties as freedom of speech and religion
to change the constitution
Alexander Hamilton is a:
nine states need to approve the Constitution
Patrick Henry is a:
explain and defend the constitution
The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to:
Patrick Henry was specifically concerned about too much power resting with ----------------------.
the feared that a strong central government would ignore basic rights
Why did the Antifederalists feel that it was important for the Constitution to include a bill of rights?
they believed a bill of rights would be added to the Constitution
What persuaded the delegates to the Virginia convention to finally ratify the Constitution?
the appropriate amount of power was needed
Federalists believed that the central government under the Constitution had:
Who was elected the first President?
What was the first state to ratify the Constitution?
What was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution?
What was the last state to ratify the Constitution?
Who used a pen name when writing the Federalist Papers?
New York City
The first congress met in ------------------------, the nation's first capital.
Federalist and Antifederalists
Which group liked George Washington?
Which group favored the Constitution?
Which group thought that the Federal Government should have power over the states?
Which group opposed the Constitution?
Federalist and Antifederalists
Which group wanted some form of government?
James Madison was a:
Which group believed that states should have more power
George Mason is an:
Federalists and Antifederalists
Which group believed that citizens had the right to vote?
Which group believed that the federal government might grow too strong?
delegates met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to revise the Articles of Confederation
Number of votes each state receives is based on population
Carry out laws
System of courts
New Jersey Plan
provided for a legislature that had only one house
Articles of Confederation
was the first American constitution in 1777
a solution where each sided gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement.
Roger Sherman's compromise that satisfied both large and small states
settled the dispute over slaves being included in a state's population
elected president of the Constitutional Convention
delegate from New York who called to replace the Articles of Confederation
oldest delegate attending the Constitutional Convention
Group of individuals untied together for a purpose
he was well prepared and greatly influenced other delegates
Why is James Madison called the "Father of the Constitution"?
to revise the Articles of Confederation
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention of 1787?
it determined a legislative system everyone could accept
Why was the Great Compromise so important?
Who was in charge of enforcing the laws the Congress passed under the Articles of Confederation?
the states could not agree how much each other's money was worth
What were the consequences of states printing their own money after the war?
how legislative would be structured
What was the main subject of debate among delegates to the Convention?
In the context of the Constitutional Convention, what constituted a "large" state?
determined how slaves would be counted in the population
The three-fifths compromise:
gave too much power to the national government
Some delegates refused to sign the Constitution because they thought that it:
What plan is this: plan is the basis for our current House of Representatives
New Jersey Plan
What plan is this: one house with one seat and one vote regardless of population
Which plan is this: proposed by Edmund Randolph and James Madison
Which plan is this: two houses with seats based on population
New Jersey Plan
Which plan is this: plan is the basis for our current Senate
Who was the delegate who refused to sign the Constitution until a Bill of Rights was added?
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