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Politics of the United States
Units 4 & 5 Study Guide - Executive branch
Terms in this set (32)
Which branch enforces the laws?
Which article of the Constitution outlines this branch's powers?
List the 3 qualifications for becoming President.
Natural born citizen in the US, at least 35 years old, and had to be US resident for 14 years
How long is the President's term?
4 years per term
What is the limit on Presidential terms?
The president can only be in office for 2 terms (One initial term and one re-election).
Roles of the President: Head of State
A figure for a country, makes good impressions with other countries.
Roles of the President: Chief Executive
Carries out laws passed by Congress
Roles of the President: Commander-in-Chief
Direct and commands the military
Roles of the President: Chief Diplomat
Directs Foreign policy, Makes treaties and appoints foreign ambassadors, and issues trade.
Roles of the President: Chief Legislator
Makes legislative decisions
Roles of the President: Party Leader
Help support party (raise money, Campaign for party members)
Roles of the President: Chief Economist
Help solve economic problems and propose economic solutions
Roles of the President: Judicial Leader
Appoints federal judges, and makes decisions that decide a person or group's direction.
The President can grant ________ (the power to forgive someone from punishment).
When the President appoints federal officials (cabinet, judges, ambassadors, etc.), who must confirm their nominations?
The Constitution says that the Senate shall have the power to accept or reject presidential appointees to the executive and judicial branches.
What are executive orders?
An executive order may be used to expand or contract a system in government, to determine the extent of legislation should be enforced, and to clarify on a policy that can be easily defined.
What are the limitations of executive orders? What are the benefits of executive orders?
Executive orders are only given instructions to people who work for the president. Executive orders can solve problems that are occurring in the US.
How can executive orders be overturned?
Issuing another Executive Order- usually by another President, Congress passing a law that makes the Order illegal, A court of law via judicial review declares it unconstitutional.
In what ways are executive orders an example of abuse of power by the executive branch? How do they help the executive branch/government?
An example of a negative executive order was F.D.R's 1942 order. The military was ordered to target Japanese, German, and Italian Americans and keep them in military camps.
What are examples of good executive orders? Bad executive orders? Why?
An example of a positive executive order was the Works Progress Administration. This helped build thousands of roads, parks, and bridges across the country.
What is the line of succession after the Vice President?
Speaker of the House, President pro tempore of the Senate, and Secretary of State.
Define impeachment? What makes it different from conviction?
Impeachment is when the House charges the president or any government official of wrongdoing. Impeachment is being charged for a crime, Convicted is being fully guilty of the crime and is kicked out of office.
Which house initiates (starts) impeachment charges on federal officials?
The House of Representatives.
Which house holds the trial and serves as jury when a federal official has been impeached?
Which presidents have been impeached? What were they charged with?
Richard Nixon: Obstruction of Justice and Abuse of Power; Bill Clinton: Perjury, Obstruction of Justice, and Abuse of Power; Donald Trump: Abuse of Power and Obstruction of Congress.
Which branch has the power to officially declare war?
The Legislative Branch: The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war.
While the President can sign treaties with other countries, which house must approve?
The Constitution gives to the Senate the sole power to approve, by a two-thirds vote, treaties negotiated by the executive branch.
responsible for the nation's foreign policy and international relations.
to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law; to ensure public safety against threats foreign and domestic
responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics
responsible for providing the military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of our country.
operates and maintains systems that are critical to the nation's financial infrastructure, such as the production of coin and currency, the disbursement of payments to the American public, revenue collection, and the borrowing of funds necessary to run the federal government.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
Daniel M. Shea
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
Magruder's American Government
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