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45 terms

U.S. History to 1865 - SOL Flashcards Set 1

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continent
large land mass surrounded by water
Eurasia
land mass of Europe and Asia, not entirely surrounded by water
ocean
large body of salt water that surrounds a continent
an early exploration destination
Pacific Ocean
a highway for early explorers, settlers and later immigrants
Atlantic Ocean
a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean
river
explored by Lewis and Clark
Columbia River
body of water explored by the Spanish
Colorado River
forms the border with Mexico
Rio Grande River
used to transport farm and industrial products to ports and other parts of the world
Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
gateway to the West
Ohio River
forms the Northeast border with Canada and connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
St.Lawrence River
large body of water surrounded by land on all sides
lake
inland port cities grew in the midwest along the __________ _____________
Great Lakes
a part of the ocean that is partially surrounded by land
gulf
provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America
Gulf of Mexico
-along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico
-broad lowlands providing many excellent harbors
Coastal Plain
-West of Coastal Plain
- extends from Eastern Canada to Western Alabama
- old eroded Mountains, oldest range in North America
Appalachian Highlands
-wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
-hills worn by erosion
-hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers
Canadian Shield
-west of the Appalachian Mountains and East of the Great Plains
-rolling flatlands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills
Interior Lowlands
West of the interior lowlands and East of the Rocky Mountains
-rugged mountains stretching from Alaska to almost Mexico, high elevations, contains the continental divide which determines the directional flow of rivers
Rocky Mountains
West of the Rocky Mountains, East of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades
-area of varying elevations, Death Valley
-lowest point in North America
Basin and Range
The recovery of material evidence from the past.
Archaeology
-Oldest archaeological site in North America
- Located on the Nottoway in Southeastern Va.
Cactus Hill
-lived in present day Alaska and Canada
-located in the arctic where the temperature is below freezing much of the year
Inuit
-located in Pacific Northwest Coast
-had a rainy, mild climate
-lived in plank houses, made totem poles
Kwakiutl
-located in the Great Plains
-lived in tepees, used buffalo for food, clothing, shelter
Lakota
-located in Southwest present day New Mexico and Arizona
- lived in adobe and cliff dwellings
Pueblo
-located in Eastern Woodlands
-heavily forested, longhouses
Iroquois
-Europeans brought weapons and meral farm tools
- trade
-crops
Areas of Cooperation between Europeans and Native Americans
-land
-competition for ttrade
-differences in culture
- disease
-language
Areas of conflict between Europeans and Native Americans
-conquered and enslaved American Indians
-brought Christianity
-brought diseases
Spanish
-established trading posts
-spread Christianity
French
-established settlements
-claimed land
-learned farming techniques
-trades with American Indians
English
-taught farming techniques to European settlers
-believed that land was to be shared or used but not owned
American Indians
-God, Gold, Glory
- to spread religion
-look for gold and natural resources
competition for empire, belief in superiority of own culture
Motivations for Exploration
-poor maps and navigational tools
-disease/starvation
-fear of the unknown
-lack of adequate supplies
Obstacles to exploration
-exchanged goods and ideas
-improved navigational tools and ships
-claimed territories
Accomplishments of Exploration
-controlled trade in West Africa
-increased European interest in world resources
-located in Western Africa
Ghana, Mali and Songhai
traded metal, cloth and other manufactured goods for gold in West Africa
Portuguese
claimed the Southwest of the United States for Spain
Francisco Coronado
established the French settlement of Quebec
Samuel De Champlain
claimed the Mississippi River for France
Robert LaSalle
explored Eastern Canada for England
John Cabot
Made voyages of discovery along West Africa.
Portugal