Terms in this set (20)
How did President Washington's Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, propose to fix the economic problems facing the new nation?
Hamilton came up with his own economic plan. The bank would be funded by the federal gov. and wealthy private investors.
Pay off the war debt
Create a national bank
Use taxes to raise money.
What did the Whiskey Rebellion prove the Federal government was willing to do?
The federal government was willing to work together and "put their foot down" to the people that are rebelling.
During his farewell speech, what two warnings did George Washington give the American public?
George Washington warned the nation to stay away from foreign affairs and to not become sectionalized (political parties)
What law did John Adams pass to limit the power of the Democratic-Republicans, and to silence his critics? What was this law a violation of?
Adams passed the Alien and Sedition act. This law kept people from speaking bad about the president.
· This act violated the constitution
What did the Democratic-Republicans propose to do about the "abusive" laws passed by John Adams?
Kentucky and virginia (specifically) Nullified the act which is declaring/ announcing that they were going to ignore the law.
What was special about the Election of 1800?
The election of 1800 was the first peaceful transfer of power, it was the first two- party campaign and the first smear campaign.
What Supreme Court case established the doctrine of judicial review? What is judicial review?
Madison vs. Marbury
Judicial Review is the ability of the supreme court to declare that an act of congress is unconstitutional.
Which Supreme Court justice always voted to increase the power of the federal government in his case decisions?
What event led to the creation of the U.S. Navy?
The xyz Affair
As President, Jefferson increased the size of the United States through the
Why might Jefferson say this was un-constitutional?
Jefferson has a strict interpretation of the constitution, and he used the elastic clause to get it (which is a loose interpretation).
How did Pickney's Treaty prevent war with Spain?
Pinckney's treaty ensure spain that the US would not take sides in the French revolution.(so spain would not have to fight the US)
How did Jay's Treaty prevent war with England?
Jay's treaty moved all british soldiers from their posts on the opposite side of appalachians, to avoid conflict and eventually war with Britain.
Why did Thomas Jefferson pass the Embargo Act of 1807?
The Embargo act cuts off all foreign trade between the USA and other countries. He did this to stop impressment and he thought it would "cripple" France and England's economy.
What affect did the embargo have on the U.S. economy?
The act backfires and hurts our own economy instead. We rely on manufacturing everything that we need instead of importing it, unemployment, and our agricultural prices/ earnings drop.
Who were they "War Hawks" and why did they want to go to war with England?
War Hawks were people that wanted the US to go to war with Britain. Impressment and they wanted Britain to stop crippling their economy
What battle was fought after the War of 1812 ended? Who was the hero of that battle?
The Battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson.
What treaty ended the War of 1812?
Treaty of Ghent
What political party "died" as a result of the Hartford Convention?
The federalist, because they secretly wanted to secede from the US.
How did the United States acquire Florida?
Florida Purchase treaty with spain