Upgrade to remove ads
Cultural Foundations II Final Exam
Teacher: Afrodesia McCannon
Terms in this set (128)
How many cantos in Dante's inferno? What was his last name and when was he born?
33 cantos. Aligheri. b. 1265
What/where was the social/political climate in which Dante wrote? What was his stance?
He wrote in Florence; there was tension between Ghibelline (aristocratic/nobles) and the Gueles (merchants/guilips) he supported the Roman Empire (wore white) which had tension with the pope supporters (wore black)
How Dante's first canto an allegory?
Dante not knowing how he got to the forest and feeling sleepy indicates allegory. Also, the symbol of the path and his "stubborn" qualities in the woods reflect the ignorance of the human life.
What does the leopard and the lion and the she-wolf that dante encounters represent?
The leopard represents either pride or fraud, the lion represents violence or wrath, and the she-wolf represents incontinence (unable to control animal urges)
What are the seven deadly sins?
Lust, Wrath, Pride, Greed, Sloth, Gluttony, Envy
punishment fits sin
What is Dolce Stil Nouve
the poetry that Dante wrote for Beatrice, the woman he fell in love with yet never talked to much. She died at 23. He was able to control urges since both married and never did anything.
like cranes saying their lays
Franchesca and Paulo are like doves (Pure parallel lovers)
Franchesca is above her murder
What is an influence on Dante's Divine Comedy?
1. The Book of Mohammad's Ladder (Alphonso X Castilian)
from what languages was the book of mohammad's ladder translated to?
Arabic to Spanish to Latin (spread to all of europe) to French
Great literary figures (virgil, homer, horace, ovid) muslims (Saladin, Avicen, Averrhoei)
Where/when did renaissance art start?
Italy 14th-15th century
When/how did renaissance art spread to Greece and England?
italy 14th-15th century, 200 yrs later, goes into Greece, 1550 king marries and she brings culture; England 17th century
why didn't spain have renaissance
spain does not have renaissance because it always had the info that others had lost
I. Brunelleschi lived when?
1377 - 1446
Baptista Alberti (1446-72)
all lines point to vanishing point - focuses on one thing
What was the artist's role before/during the renaissance?
Before in Medieval times- Artisans (laborers) ... During renaissance - Genius and learned, socialized with patrons, art put himself in door (self-centered artist began in this time period)
Name 4 renaissance artists
Michelangelo, Raphael Leonardo, Donatello
What two kinds of paints were used in Rennaissance? Describe how each were made and how each function.
Tempera paints vs Oil Paints. Tempera: - crack an egg, get yolk and water and pigment = paint; dries very quickly, cannot go back and change ... Oil: Linseed oil, pigment = paint; able to change
What are two characteristics of Michelangelo's painting?
1. painted everyone with manly body 2. atmospheric perspective
Baroque Art "came from big pearl" .. What does this mean?
it was too much
Describe 7 characteristics of Baroque Art
Busy, Ornate, Movement, Chaotic - overly chaotic, organic, upward, dramatic
How is Baroque art similar to Baroque music? (3 ways)
emotional + grasping, full, saturated
Baroque music is structured, how is the art similarly structured and why?
Art also has an order; although it may seem to be chaotic at first -- just like learning about the heavens, it was the age of science. they were starting to make sense of everything
What characterizes the era of Baroque art?
Surface chaos/ornamental + order
When did Bach die and when was the first opera
First opera : 1600. Bach died 1750
What is the fugue?
It is a systematic exploitation (directing a little bit of music) of a single theme in an imitative (all say same thing) polyphonic (many voices) environment
what was the fugue subject?
three parts of a baroque composition?
1. Exposition 2. Episodes 3. Restatements
a. fugue subject (tune) is stated successively by each voice b. once all in piece, equal balance between them c. once all in, then counter subject: melody that is generated from the subject
modulations that use fragments of the fugue subject to link together
hear fugue subject again
Order of appearance during exposition?
1. Alto 2. Soprano 3. Duet of 2 4. Base ... ASTB exposition
fast, slow, but ritornello form
theme that comes back again and again to punctuate the music
hanging out with vowels, can't really be done in German
Germans use this because of short and concise
When was Amaru written
100 stanzas of Amaru
Genre of Amarusataka?
Ravya - performed in courts, not popular because written in Sanskrit and no longer a spoken language ( no one's native tongue) but learned it
drama manual, very detailed
Moods. 9 of them: 1. laughter/comedy 2. disguist/revulsion 3. rage/destructrion 4. peace/emotionless 5. error/love 6. courage/heroic virtue 7. horror 8. sadness/compassion 9. surprise/wonder
you fight then realize how ridiculous it is
she realizes he doesn't love her anymore
timid inexperienced heroine
angry heroine because her husband chated
unfaithful woman, can't have dringore rose
cheater, he gets cheated
girl's friend / confident
embarassing wedding moment , mogdhoel heroine
strong woman who did nothing to punish her husband who has cheated
progalbhe heroine, bold lover talk to her sakhi
"deceitful mesenger" - means sister slept with sister's husband
Describe lovers in natya sashtra
never ambiguity with what relationships entails, it is always sexual
3 themes/instructions in Ramasutrta
1. how to keep wives 2. keep house orderly 3. how to treat other's wives and can use her to save his own life. Must measure by degree of ten in #. and can sleep with her if he's going to die
super-paranoid woman, marking with fingernails, part of ramasutra
passionate lovers will bite each other
Act 12.2 of sakuntala
when was sakuntala written and what is an influence on it
4th century, influence = mahabharata
how was it presented and in what language
spoken sanskrit and prakrit on stage
King - Nayaka Sakuntala - Nayika
hindu spiritual retreat (where sakuntala is staying)
Sringarer Rosu in story
contradictory to the setting
describe caste system Sakuntala
5 main categories ranking top to bottom of a body : mouth/head: brahmins - Priestly . Arms/body: Kshatriyas - warriors and king. at legs: vaishyou - merchants. At feet - servants. Below that : untouchables
Why could Sakuntala actually marry the king?
she was born of a nymph who was a royal sage so both actually of same caste
Natya sartra. describe. when written?
drama manual (200 BC - 200 AD), Bharata
How did Natya Sarta incorporate Aristotle's poetics?
Feel all the fear + pity at the end feel catharsis (lets you indulge in those feelings, but then cleanses you) purging of reg/destructive urges
mood creation (a mood - rasa)
three aspects of natya sostra
1. acting 2. movement ( a lot like dancing, head work - 36 eye, 9 pupil movements) 3. passing moods/rasas
how do natya sostras always end
happily, to be in a state of peaceful delight, like SPIRITUAL JOY
you've gone through all the emotion and now at peace (purging)
3 pursuits, Dharmas
Spiritual obligation/duty, material success, pleasure, spiritual enlightenment/renunciation (no kama)
what is the the Dharma of brahmin?
Dharma of king?
protect and lead
people that came very close to nirvana, but stay behind to help others reach enlightenment - dressed more royally
major religious south eastern tradition
religious leader for jainism - pathfinders- would go around preaching naked and barefoot
5 main aspects of Jainism
1. non-violence 2. truthfulness 3. no stealing 4. chastity 5. worldly renunciation
3 characteristics of Taj Mahal
round dome, pointed arches, calligraphy
One of the most influential very persion-like art, muslims that came from Turkish and persian traditions
text affects image
Hinduism art characteristic
lots of couples pinching of the nipple
instead of enjoying the painting, its an allegory unlike if it were part of islam it would just be part of the culture
djinn - unseeable being - puppets .. they live with us and do the same as Tiv people, but are invisible - rule the night, found in forest and near sources of water
describe african theatre
1. costumes + props 2. music accompanies action 3. performer/audience divivde 4. theatre made to be focal (lights, etc) 5. dramatic/aggrandized (actions, make-up, appearance) 6. story or narrative with beginning, middle, end 7. visual 8. exciting 9. traditional hold overs 10. director
Yoruba language spoken where?
nigeria; but the people odn't identify as that except to outsiders
4 basic elements to nigerian theatre performance
etutu - ritual, odun - festival, ere - play/improv iran- spectacle=other wordly life permanent and resides in another world and can't be reached until actors show it
celebration of matriarchy
origin of egungun
hunchback had 3 sons, and died. sons didn't have enough money to bury him. the first fled, the second wrapped body and fled, the third tried selling but just threw it in wilderness. 1st son can't have son because of father. wife is attacked by gorrila and gives birth to half-beast. father told to go into wilderness w/ child as hunch on back to resemble his father and bury correctly
power to bring things into existence
19th century nigeria
egungun with sticks, warrior middle class, civil war, they represent the fear and evil of war
How big is nigeria in terms of population
how many ethnic groups in nigeria
name 3 ethnic groups in nigeria
haousa + fulani, yoruba, Igbo, Tiv
How much of the population of nigeria is muslim, christian, or indig religions
50 percent muslim 40 percent christian 10 percent indig religions
Cosmology of Tiv
3 worlds: spiritual, animal, human; in spiritual world there are adzov (spirits) - they live with us and do the same as Tiv people, but are invisible - rule the night, found in forest and near sources of water... puppets embody these spirits during festival
Kwagh-hir theatre - 6 parts
1. story-telling 2. poetry 3. music 4. dance 5. drama 6. puppetry
Tiv theatre - 4 oarts
4 realms of existence - 1. glee - human jubilation 2. dancer - purifies space w/ fire 3. enter animal puppet 4. enter adzov
Oldest art ever
Cave paintings found when?
When was 1st subsaharan nok african sculpture?
Mosque in Mali
made of mud that is reapplied, has ostrich egg, represents fertility
pg 424 and 422
a style that seeks to imitate the visible world
style of art that does not seek to represent nature, but to transform visible forms into stylized images
http://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu:22849/View/269755 Concerto Grosso op. 6 no. 7
Concerto Grosso op. 6 no. 7 By: Handel, george frideric Movement 2, Allegro) Fugue
The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II. Johann Sebastien Bach, Movement 3, Fugue in C minor BWV 847
The Four Seasons: Spring. Antonio Vivaldi. Movement: 1, Allegro. (Ritornello form not a fugue)
egungun ritual - video
egungun ritual - stills
Shango video part 1
shango video part 2
Kwagh Hir - Central Nigeria
Kwagh Hir - part II
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Art of Africa, Chapter 15 and 32
visual arts final
Prebles' Artforms (Ch 14-16, 20-25)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Business Statistics Ch 2 Vocab
Chapter 3 The Constitution
El futuro irregulars
El subjuntivo: Verbos irregulares