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explains personality focusing on early childhood, and unconscious motives
aware of at a particular point and time
just beneath surface of awareness. easily retrieved
difficult to retrieve. well below surface.
decision making compononent.
seeks to delay gratifications of the ids urges until appropriate times
raw biological sources
driven by the pleasure principle
demands immediate gratification of its urges
moral component of personality
driven by moral imperatives
unconscious reactions that protect a person from guilt
creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behaviors
"everyone does it"
acting opposite of ones true feelings
-making fun of a gay person to hide that you're gay
attributing ones owns thoughts or feelings to another person.
-if you're sexually attracted to someone else, you might claim that the other person is sexually attracted to you
diverting feelings of anger from an original source to another target.
-if your boss makes you mad, you come home and kick the dog and yell at your wife
aversion to immature patterns of behavior.
-when anxious about self worth, some adults childishly brag and boast
keeping depressing thoughts imprisoned in the unconscious
-people tend to repress conflicts or memories
when people consciously refuse to face up to unpleasant realities
-refuse that your wife is cheating on you
basic foundations of an individuals personality is determined by age 5
feeding experiences crucial to subsequent development
toilet training crucial to subsequent development
childrens feeling of want for opposite sex parent and hostility towards same sex parent
no body part of focus
social skills developed
sexual energy channeled towards opposite sex rather than yourself
psychology should only study behavior that can be experimented
dumb to look at what goes on inside mind
should look at observable behavior, how outside worlds shapes personality
collection of response tendencies
form of learning in which voluntary responses learn to be controlled by their consequences
removal of unpleasant stimulus
response strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus
gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency
response weakens or suppresses the tendency to make that response
person centered theory
client centered theory
emphasizes unique qualities of humans. (freedom, rational nature, potential for growth)
subjective view is more important than reality
hierarchy of needs
"growth needs"-need for self actualization
physique to personality
persons body being fat round soft
sociable, relaxed, even tempered, affectionate
strong muscular hard body type
energetic, competitive, aggressive, bold
skinny frail body type
inhibited, apprehensive, intellectual, self conscious
personality trait characterized by interest in the external world of people and things
marked by apprehension and anxiety
generalized anxiety disorder
high anxiety not tied to a specific threat
persistent rational fear of something that presents no realistic fear
recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety.
leads to agoraphobia
fear of being in public places
obsessive compulsive disorder
uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted obsessions
to behave in a cheerful, hopeful, enthusiastic way.
looking at bright side of things
why everyone reacts differently to certain situations
worried, insecure, self pitying
sociable, fun loving, affectionate
openness to experience
preference for variety
softhearted, trusting, helpful
well organized, careful, self disciplined
five factor model
openness to experience
unipolar mood disorder
aka depressive disorders
experience emotional extremes at one end of the mood contiuum.
troubled by episodes of depression
bipolar mood disorders
experience emotional extremes at both ends of the mood contiuum.
depression and mania
opposite of depressive
inferences people draw about the causes of events and behavior
learned helplessness model
internal, stable, global attributions are prone to depression
delusions of persecution and grandeur
immobility, frenzied motor activity
deterioration of adaptive behavior, frequent incoherence, complete social withdrawal
diagnosis of schizophrenia but cannot be placed into the other three categories
avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive
histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial
schizo, schizotypal, paranoid
sudden loss of memory for important personal information that is to extensive to forget
lose memory of entire life along with personal identity
Marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin
Excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.
Characterized by a significant loss of physical function with no apparent organic basis
personal trains, feelings, abilities
consistency, distinctiveness, consensus
high consistency, low distinctiveness, low consensus
low consistency OR high consistency, high distinctiveness, high consensus