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creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behaviors
"everyone does it"
acting opposite of ones true feelings
-making fun of a gay person to hide that you're gay
attributing ones owns thoughts or feelings to another person.
-if you're sexually attracted to someone else, you might claim that the other person is sexually attracted to you
diverting feelings of anger from an original source to another target.
-if your boss makes you mad, you come home and kick the dog and yell at your wife
aversion to immature patterns of behavior.
-when anxious about self worth, some adults childishly brag and boast
keeping depressing thoughts imprisoned in the unconscious
-people tend to repress conflicts or memories
when people consciously refuse to face up to unpleasant realities
-refuse that your wife is cheating on you
childrens feeling of want for opposite sex parent and hostility towards same sex parent
sexual energy channeled towards opposite sex rather than yourself
dumb to look at what goes on inside mind
should look at observable behavior, how outside worlds shapes personality
form of learning in which voluntary responses learn to be controlled by their consequences
response strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus
personality trait characterized by interest in the external world of people and things
unipolar mood disorder
aka depressive disorders
experience emotional extremes at one end of the mood contiuum.
troubled by episodes of depression
bipolar mood disorders
experience emotional extremes at both ends of the mood contiuum.
depression and mania
deterioration of adaptive behavior, frequent incoherence, complete social withdrawal
diagnosis of schizophrenia but cannot be placed into the other three categories
sudden loss of memory for important personal information that is to extensive to forget
Marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin
Excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.
Characterized by a significant loss of physical function with no apparent organic basis
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