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20 terms

Chapter 8: China

Homework for Mr. Ramirez's 7th grade social studies class. Contains vocabulary words from the Ancient Chinese Empires.
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Confucianism
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
Buddhism
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Daoism
It is a philosophy which is founded by Laozi. Daoism emphasizes living in harmony with nature
Reunification
bring together to parts of a country under one government
Favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
Great Wall
Aristocrat
A member of a wealthy or influential family
Meritocracy
A system in which people are chosen and promoted on the basis of their performance of merit
Mandate
The order to govern
Enlightenment
In Buddhism, the highest spiritual state that can be achieved
Mandate of Heaven
The European belief that the right of a monarch to rule came directly from God.
Printing
reproduction by applying ink to paper as for publication
Aristocracy
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Currency
Money being used as a medium of exchange
Beijing
Capital of China since 1267 A.D
Despot
A ruler who holds absolute power and and uses it only for their own benefit
Despotic Rulers
Rulers who holds absolute power and and uses it only for their own benefit
Imperial City
The central area of the (Ming) Chinese Government
Money Economy
an economic system based on money rather than barter
Canal
long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation

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