Upgrade to remove ads
North American Studies
APUSH CHAPTER 16 REVIEW
Terms in this set (16)
Explain why the Ghost Dance emerged in the late 19th century.
religious revitalization movement in which Indians believed sacred dances would:
-bring a return of the buffalo
-bring a great storm that would drive whites back across the Atlantic
-allow Indians to practice their ancestral customs
Identify who worked on the transcontinental railroad.
-Central Pacific: 80% Chinese workers
-Union Pacific: mostly former union soldiers, Irish immigrants, former slaves
Explain what promoted the settlement of the West in the 1860s and 1870s.
-The completion of the railroads to the West following the Civil War opened up vast areas of the region to settlement and economic development
-White settlers from the East poured across the Mississippi to mine, farm, and ranch
Explain the ramifications of the Dawes Act (1887).
-authorized the federal government to break up tribal lands by partitioning them into individual plots
-only those Native American Indians who accepted the individual allotments were allowed to become US citizens.
-objective was to assimilate Native American Indians into mainstream US society by annihilating their cultural and social traditions
-over ninety million acres of tribal land were stripped from Native American Indians and sold to non-natives
Identify and explain the arguments articulated in Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis.
-The frontier: the American character, including characteristics such as democracy and materialism, derived from the frontier experience
-The safety valve: the frontier, as a place of opportunity and escape, defused social discontent in America, as the working class does not go Marxist and protest, but moves West for a better life
-Successive frontiers: in the development of any frontier area, one phase of economic and social development followed another in distincr stages
-Jeffersonian Utopia is expanded
-America has a new national identity, different from Europe, with less and less dependency
Explain what led to the conservationist movement in the second half of the 19th century.
-destruction of the environment (lumber used for homes, railroads, and fences)
-white pine forests disappeared
-people wanted to preserve national parks
How did the federal government encourage construction of the transcontinental railroad?
Government provided loans, public land grants (10 sq miles of land for every mile of track and later doubled to 20 sq miles), and bonds
Explain how the drastic decline in the buffalo population impacted Native American Indians of the Great Plains.
-"Kill every buffalo you can. Every buffalo dead is an Indian gone." -Lt. Col. Richard Irving Dodge. U.S. Army
-Native Americans relied on buffalo for food, shelter, and more
Identify the ramifications of westward settlement for Native American Indians.
-left behind own culture
-lost land again when they were kicked off reservations
Explain the purpose of the Morrill Land Grant Act.
-An Act donating Public Lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Colleges for the Benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts
-changed college education in America
Explain how the transcontinental railroad was financed.
-Was a risk the federal gov't was not willing to make
-Private companies took the lead in building railroads
-Government provided loans, land grants, and bonds
-Large companies would compete with small companies
-Used pools, rebates, price fixing
Identify the goal of American foreign policy in Asia in the second half of the 19th century.
-need labor and buyers for land
-open up asia for trade (especially whiskey and guns)
Identify the difference in U.S. policy towards Native American Indians before and after 1884.
-Americans used killing buffalo to get at Native Americans
-More initiative to assimilate and remove Native American culture
-Elk v. Wilkins: supreme court ruled that Indians born on reservations are born on land not under U.S. jurisdiction, so 14th and 15th amendments do not apply to Indians
-Ghost Dance and Wouded knee killings
Summarize the goals of U.S. policy toward Native American Indians in the late 19th century.
-Assimilate Natives into American culture by encouraging them to attend boarding schools, dress in American style, and devalue their own culture all for the purpose of acquiring land
Compare the U.S. government's support of the construction of the transcontinental railroad to another period/era in U.S. history.
-the American system (Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun)
-this shows when the government financed infrastructure
-tarriffs, national bank, roads, canals
Identify, explain, and provide evidence to support criticisms and interpretations of Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis.
Benjamin F. Wright Jr. (1972)
-Laws reflected constitutional principles
-Not different from East Coast
-Retained value of property
-Blacks and women excluded
Louis M. Hacker (1933)
-The U.S. developed the way Europe did
-Industry over agriculture
-Deeper class divisions came with expansion
George Wilson Pierson (1942)
Carlton J. H. Hayes (1945)
-much of the American identity came from across the Atlantic (Europe)
-American must see the influence the world has on it
-Establish global identity
Support: women had more rights, even the right to vote 1st in the West as the railroads and westward expansion brought civilization
Sets found in the same folder
APUSH CHAPTER 22 AND 23 REVIEW
APUSH CHAPTER 22 AND 23 REVIEW
APUSH Chapter 1 Test
Sets with similar terms
APUSH Ch. 16 Terms
Unit 14 Lesson 10 - American Indians on a Closing…
American Studies 10
Other sets by this creator
APUSH FINAL REVIEW YAY
APUSH CH 20/21 TEST REVIEW
APUSH WW1 Test
Other Quizlet sets
CM9 - L'enseignement de la psychologie
Bio exam 4
Clin Med- Pulm 1 and 2 review