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ss study guide unit 3
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Terms in this set (24)
What led to the growth of industry in America?
Industrialization=the growth of factories.
What were some effects of the growth of industry?
1. Industrialization leads to Urbanization-more people move to urban areas because they can work in the factories
2. Industrialization leads to Immigration-more people are coming the US because they can find work in the factories and make money
3. Industrialization leads to the middle class because more people have jobs and are making money
Why did Americans leave farms for big cities?
There were more job opportunities in the cities (factories)
What are the differences between living in a rural area versus an urban area?
How did the growth of industry impact how many people lived in cities?
Many people moved to the cities because they could find jobs easily. Major PULL factor for immigrants
How were the old and new waves of immigrants different?
They came from different areas, their language, customs, and religions were often different
How were the old and new waves of immigrants similar?
They left their countries because of the negative push factors and chose to come to the US because of the pull factors.
What was Ellis Island? Where was it? What was its purpose?
A processing center for immigrants in NY. Immigrants came here to register and enter the US
What could the average immigrant experience on their journey to America and processing at Ellis Island?
Immigrants had to go to several steps on Ellis Island, including the medical exam. If they were seriously ill they could be sent home.
What is a push factor? Define it and give examples.
Negatives making people leave their country
Famine, war, drafts, political unrest, disease
What is a pull factor? Define it and give examples.
Positives that make people come to the US
Job opportunities, freedoms
C -- cultural preservation- The act of sustaining or maintaining one's way of life. This refers to a group of people who did not want to change their language, religion, fashion, or foods they ate, when they moved to America. Ex- immigrants did NOT want to learn english, or practice the United States' culture.
A -- Assimilation- The process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas. In Social Studies this refers to the process that immigrants go through when they arrive in America. How much of their culture were they willing to give up in order to live here?
Ex- immigrants wanted to learn the english language and practice the United States' culture
N -- Nativism- The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants. In other words, Americans who believe they are better than, or more important, than people migrating to the United States. They also believe immigrants from particular countries are inferior to them.
Ex- wanted nothing to do with immigrants, didn't want anyone coming to America.
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act? How was it an example of Nativism?
Law that stopped immigration from China for a period of time
Why was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire important?
This showed the dangerous working conditions in many factories
What was a muckraker? What was their goal?
They exposed the bad things that were happening to try to make change
exposed- tenement living conditions
by- Book: How the Other Half Lives
exposed- Meat packing Industry
by- Book: The Jungle
exposed- Child Labor
Ida B. Tarbell
exposed- Trusts & Monopolies
by- Book: Standard Oil
exposed- Racial Inequality
by- Started the NAACP
What were some successes of the muckrakers? (How were the problems solved once exposed?)
Many laws were passed because of their expose's
The Sherman Antitrust act is one example that made Trusts and Monopolies illegal
Roosevelt read about the meatpacking industry and change laws to clean up the factories and created agencies to watch over food and drug production (FDA)
What was women's suffrage? How did they accomplish their goal?
Women fought and gained the right to vote by passing the 19th amendment
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