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Social Studies Exam
Terms in this set (90)
where in the Americas did civilizations arise?
in central mexico, in mesoamerica, and in the Andes mountain area
Which of the following is NOT a theme of world history?
Arts and Architecture
Some pastoral nomads formed armies and often interrupted exchanges along the Silk Road. What did these disruptions lead to?
the decline of some empires
What can help you better understand history?
analyzing historical artifacts, reading a primary, and studying a site of encounter
The Silk Road and the Silk Road on the sea connected cultures in what region?
History is divided into three time periods or ages. What are they?
ancient, medieval, and modern
What are the three parts of the Middle Ages?
early 476CE-1000CE, high 1000CE-1300CE, and late 1300CE-1450CE.
What is a site of encounter?
A site of encounter is a specific place from different cultures meet and exchange product, ideas, and technologies.
What was the silk road and the silk road on the sea
The silk road and the silk road on the sea were large networks of trade routes. silk road routes were on land and the silk road on the sea used water ways for trading
The fall of rome marks the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the middle ages
A written legal agreement signed 1215 that limited the English monarch's power is
The legal concept that an accused person cannot be jailed indefinitely
A governing body created by king Edward I of England that included some commoners, church officials, and nobles is call
The Hundred Years' War was a series of battles fought between France and England from 1337 to 1453
what is a deadly contagious disease caused by bactiera and spread by fleas?
What was the purpose of Magna Carta?
To protect the rights of the nobles
How did political changes in England weaken feudalism?
Nobles lost power to the king or common people
What was one human activity that contributed to the spread of the bubonic plague?
trading with Asia
Which development in the Hundred Years' War was partly a response to Joan of Arc?
stronger national identity
How did the Hundred Years' War contribute to the decline of feudalism?
Hiring soldiers made monarchs less dependent on vassals
How did the plague make life harder for Jews in Europe?
They were often blamed for the disease
What technological advantage helped the English win many early battles of the Hundred Years' War
Who was Joan of Arc?
she led a French Army to victory in the battle of Orleans
What action by an English king gave ordinary people a voice in government?
establishing the Model Parliament
How did the plague increase the power of the common people?
It created a shortage of workers
Which of these was a result of the fall of Rome
lack of central government
what belongs in the blanks to complete the following cause-and-effect pattern?
Increase in attacks
Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne in return for
The franks grew powerful because of their new style of war that used ......
knights on horseback
For which achievement is Charlemagne most remembered?
He united much of Europe
Which of the following best describes the Vikings
Northern people who made quick, fierce raids on European villages
A king gave his most important lords fiefs, which were
grants of land
which of these did William the Conqueror introduce to England?
a line of Norman Kings
Social class in the Middle Ages was determined mainly by
Head money, tallage, and fee when a woman marries are all example of
taxes paid by peasants to lords
What do these medieval terms have in common? Stone wall, castle moat, and knight's armor
They describe forms, or uses, of military 'technology'
Pages and squires were boys in training to became
Suppose a knight is known for his chivalry. What does that suggest about him?
He followed a code of behavior
Serfs were required to
stay on the land that they worked
William became the powerful Duke of Normandy
The leader of the franks from 768 to 814 CE, who unified most of the christian land of Europe into a single empire was
Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus
The hierarchy of the feudalistic society (beginning from the top) is
Monarch, nobility, knights, peasants
What was an impact of William's conquering of England?
He established a feudal system similar to others in Europe
a professional clown employed to entertain a king or nobleman in the middle ages
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
a strong code of conduct, like a knight or gentleman
a boy servant or attendant, the first step in becoming a knight
Strongest section of a castle
a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack
Hunting with hawks
A person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
pieces of land given to vassals by their lord
spear; spike; javelin
A person who appears to rule even though real power rests with someone else
a toll or fee paid by a feudal tenant to his lord.
to engage in combat or competition; any combat suggestive of a joust
The courtyard of a medieval castle
Historians sometimes call the Middle Ages in western Europe the
Age of Faith
Community life in western Europe during the middle Ages centered on
Who decreed that Rome would stop persecuting Christians?
The actions the below are examples of what process?
1. prohibiting kings from appointing priests
2. outlawing the selling of church positions
3. excommunicating Holy Roman emperor Henry IV
Strengthening the power of the church
What is Canterbury Tales
A narrative poem about pilgrims
Which is a sacrament is a sacrament of marriage
Who would have most likely said the following statement
"I am traveling to Jerusalem to show God how sorry I am for having sinned. I pray we have a safe journey"
what was one of the main goals of the crusades
to take Jerusalem from the Muslims
Most Gothic cathedrals had all these features except
broad ditches called moats
In the middle ages, many universities grew out of....
saint Benedict is best known for starting.....
the monastic way of life
Saint Francis of Assisi founded an order of mendicant friars. How did they differ from monks?
They lived among ordinary people
Thomas Aquinas's concept that there is a universal order built into nature, guiding people's moral thinking is called the.....
In medieval Europe, the people most likely to be educated were
People went on crusades to....
seek wealth, adventure, and salvation
Gothic churches were lined with plain colored walls and clear glass windows
During the middle ages, most art was made for a religious purpose
Gothic churches were often dark and gloomy
Gargoyles were only decorative and served no other purpose
Roman Catholic Church
the Christian church headed by the pope in Rome
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
something considered to have sacred significance
a religious residence especially for nuns
a group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules
The practice of living the life of a monk
A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.
a set of spiritual beliefs, values, and practices
to cause a person to suffer because of his or her beliefs
a refusal to marry
a covered walk in a convent, monastery, college, or cathedral, typically with a wall on one side and a colonnade open to a quadrangle on the other.
the 7 sacrament include...
Eucharist, Holy orders, extreme unction, confirmation, baptism, penance, matrimony.
Pope, Cardinal, Archbishop, Bishop, Priest
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