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Gen Psych Final Exam Review
Westmont College - Professor Schmidt
Terms in this set (47)
The Stanford Prison study illustrates that
people behave in accord with their roles in a situation
the presence of others may lead to increased arousal and enhanced performance
Annabel just started working on a very difficult paper for her psychology class. Given what you know about social facilitation and the presence of others on performance, where should Annabel work on the paper to make the best progress?
alone in her room or in a private library carrel
Sometimes after a big football game fans will riot, getting into fights and destroying property. People in such a crowd will often do things that they would never do on their own. this effect is due to a process of...
expected standards of conduct that influence behaviors are referred to as
In Milgram's obedience studies about ______ percent of the participants administered the maximum shock and ________ of them tried to quit the study
66; almost all
In light of Asch's work on conformity you could predict that obedience in the Milgram study would have DECREASED greatly under which of the following conditions?
If a confederate refuses to administer the shock
Jerry is someone who doesn't think very highly of postal workers. Which of the following statements would be most consistent with the concept of outgroup homogeneity?
"If you've seen one postal worker, you've seen them all."
Decreased activity in the medial prefrontal cortex can help to explain inhumane acts like genocide and the holocaust. Which of the following reasons would explain why decreased activity in this brain region leads to such terrible occurrences?
Associated with the dehumanizing outgroup members
Cultural fads like Americans wearing leg warmers in the 80s or flannels in the 90s are often followed because people want to fit in and fo along with the crowd. This type of conformity is known as ______ influence.
Darius works 2 hours a week as a tutor. He tells his boss that he cannot do more. Gradually, he agrees to add on an extra hour here and there, until finally he is tutoring 12 hours a week. Darius has gotten into this situation through the compliance technique known as the
Cat wants a new laptop. Her husband thinks that this is an unnecessary expense. She initially proposes buying a $2,500 laptop. When her husband gets upset, she suggests that she could get a used laptop for $700. Cat is using the _________ approach
A view that personality is a coherent whole that is based on psychophysical systems yet is adaptive to the environment is most consistent with that of
Genetics accounts for about ________ of the difference in individuals' personality traits.
One of the earliest pieces of evidence that personality has a genetic component was the fact that
identical twins are more similar in personality than fraternal twins
What is the difference between temperaments and personality traits?
Temperaments are broader than traits
Your roommate is an extremely shy person. Research suggests that she
displayed signs of inhibition and social distress even as a very young child
Which of the following is true about Freud's ideas about personality?
They emphasize the influence of early childhood experiences on personality
Freud viewed the libido as __________. In contrast, today, we think of the libido as________.
an energy that promotes pleasure-seeking; sexual drive
Freud's idea that fixation at the anal stage leads to a stubborn and regulating personality is
unstopped by current research in personality theory
Oren is a very rigid person and must have things his own way. Other people find his attitude annoying, but Oren refuses to change. In Freud's view, Oren is fixated at which stage of development?
Rotter's theory of personality emphasizes
the role of expectancies in guiding our behavior
According to Bandura's reciprocal determinism theory, our personality is influenced by
environment, person factors, behavior
According to______a person's personality is influenced by their environment, person factors, and behavior
Arianna has stopped washing her hair, going to the grocery store, going to work and talking to people. Several of her friends and family members are concerned about these changes. Based on this information alone, which criterion for a psychological disorder does Arianna NOT meet?
In determining whether a behavior indicates psychopathology which of the following questions is an important criterion?
Does the behavior deviate from social norms
To help create accurate diagnoses the DSM
describes the disorders of observable symptoms
According to the textbook, which of the following is the clearest evidence that classifying mental disorders into categories is problematic?
Patient symptoms and behaviors rarely fit into precise diagnostic categories
The diathesis-stress model of mental disorder argues that factors that
impair our ability to cope with stress are the primary cause of mental disorders
Dr. Jahangir's depressed patient is depressed following a recent divorce. Dr. Jahangir believes that the patients childhood abuse predisposed her to overreact to negative life events like her divorce which then led to her severe depression. Dr. Jahangir most likely agrees with the_______of psychological disorders.
The central characteristic of anxiety disorder is
the feeling of excessive fear or anxiety in the absence of any real threat
Which of the following is an example of an internalizing disorder?
Major depressive disorder
Which of the following statements is accurate regarding potential causes of OCD?
Environmental facts like certain bacterial infections can trigger OCD in children
People suffering from OCD are
typically aware that their obsessions and compulsions are irrational
Sam has PTSD from a traumatic childhood event. Sam takes part in a study in which he is shown pictures associated with the traumatic event while a brain scan is being done. Sam's brain will likely show heightened activation in the
Which of the following is accurate regarding individuals with PTSD
they report memory and attention problems in their daily lives
In the past week, Samara has been extremely excited. She has rarely slept, she invested all her savings in a risky startup company and she thinks she is going to be a millionaire by next year. Samara does not have a history of depressive episodes. Samara is most likely to be diagnosed with
Biopolar 1 disorder
Sarah is a practicing clinical psychologist. She should expect to see more
depressed clients than bipolar clients
Tara's parents divorced, her brother became a drug user, and her husband left her for another woman. Tara has given up because she believes she has no control over improving her circumstances. According to the_____model, Tara is likely to develop a________.
learned helplessness; depressive disorder
Bipolar 1 and 2 disorders require which of the following for diagnosis?
Episodes of elevated mood
The biopsychosocial model focuses on
the interplay of biological psychological, and social factors in health outcomes
Henry is American citizen. Given what you know about infectious diseases and health psychology which of the following is he LEAST likely to die from?
John comes from a family in which everyone is overweight, even though people in the family appear to eat only moderate amounts of food. These circumstances are consistent with research showing that
genes play an important role in who becomes overweight
Your sister has been quite thin ever since 8th grade but she expresses a great fear of becoming fat and is always looking for a way to lose more weight. She is likely suffering from
Research suggests that compared to the average adult nonsmoker, the average adult smoker
shortens his or her life by 12 years
People become addicted to smoking cigarettes because
nicotine leads to increased activation of dopamine neurons
Exercise is______associated with well-being, because it leads to benefits such as____________
positively; decreased risk of diabetes and heart disease
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