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Arts and Humanities
The Roman Republic and Empire
Terms in this set (47)
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class.
(adj.) common, vulgar; belonging to the lower class; (n.) a common person, member of the lower class
Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.
A group of 300 men elected to govern Rome in the Roman Republic.
A roman assembly arranged by classes based on wealth to give the rich the most power
a group of citizens, in an ancient Greek democracy, with the power to pass laws
An elected official who led the Roman Republic
an official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests.
trial by jury
The right of a person to be tried by a jury, or a group of citizens, to decide if the person is guilty or innocent of committing a crime.
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
Wars between the Romans and Carthaginians that marked Rome as the preeminent power in the eastern as well as the western Mediterranean.
Roman name for the Mediterranean Sea
World's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The name comes form the many statues of gods placed around the building.
Roman arena for gladiator fights, mock battles, and entertainment
bread and circuses
A Roman bribery method of coping with class difference. Entertainment and food was offered to keep plebeians quiet without actually solving unemployment problems.
canals or ditches used to carry water from one location to another
a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
A model dictator for the Romans. He organized an army, led the Romans to victory, attended victory celebrations, and returned to his farmland all within 16 days.
the state of being unemployed or not having a job
Gais & Tiberious Gracchus were two Roman brothers who tried to reform Rome's social and political structure for the lower class
100-44 B.C. Roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45 B.C.
The first empreror of Rome, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, help Rome come into Pax Romana, or the Age of Roman Peace
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
A prophesy that told the Jews a Messiah would come to save them
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be Son of God.
the 12 chosen disciples of Jesus who spread his teachings
Sacrament by which God cleanses all sin, and one becomes a member of the church.
the execution of a person by nailing or binding them to a cross.
The act of rising from the dead
(245-313) Emperor of Rome who was responsible for dividing Rome into different provinces and districts. Eventually, the eastern portions of the Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire.
the eastern portion of the Roman empire; lasted 1000 years after the fall of Western Rome
Constantine's Edict of Milan
ended the "Great Persecution"
This was a contributing factor to the fall of Rome. The Huns also lead to its downfall.
using illegal actions to gain power or influence government policies
"fall" of Rome
▪ To what extent did Greece influence Rome?
The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks as well as the Etruscans. The Greeks made important contributions to mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, medicine, etc etc...
▪ In what ways did class conflict shape Roman politics?
▪ How was Rome able to conquer such a vast empire?
Rome conquered a vast empire by battling for control and gaining land by building a vast number of architecture
▪ How did the Romans deal with the people and lands it conquered?
▪ What impact did slavery have on Rome as it expanded?
▪ What was the status of women in Rome?
Women were citizens, but could not vote or hold political office. Because of their limited public role, women are named less often compared to men by Roman historians
▪ What were Julius and Octavian Caesar known for in Rome?
Julius (Augustus) was Octavian's nephew. Augustus was the first Roman emperor, and he undertook precedents which he believed would be in the long-term interest of Rome as a whole
▪ How did Christianity develop within the Roman empire?
Jesus taught his beliefs and was the founder of Christianity, and he spread his beliefs to his chosen disciples. Paul also helped spread teachings from Jesus when he was firsthandedly confronted by Jesus. He wrote many letters throughout the Middle East and insisted everyone have faith in Jesus
▪ Explain Rome's achievements during the Pax Romana?
During Pax Romana, Christianity started to spread along the roads and trade routes throughout the Roman Empire, and the Roman Republic was gone, replaced by a dictatorship
▪ How was the "fall" of Rome a series of events that occurred over many years?
The Roman Empire's decline and weakening happened gradually. After the death of Emperor Aurelius in 180 AD, Rome was poorly governed, followed by frequent civil wars. In the next fifty years, all 26 of Rome's emperors were killed, except one
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