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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 8 "Jefferson Era"
Study this for test on Friday
Terms in this set (19)
What political party did Thomas Jefferson belonged to?
How many terms did he serve?
2 terms (1801-1809)
He opposed what policy for doing what? But still allowed it to continue when he took office in 1801.
Strongly opposed the Federalist Policy for creating a National Bank.
What was Jefferson's greatest achievement as a President?
Why did Napoleon Bonaparte decide to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States?
Because he needed the money to reinforce the French military in their war against the British.
Why was the Louisiana Purchase significant to the United States?
Because it nearly doubled the size of the country.
Which two people were sent on a secret mission to explore the Louisiana Territory with Sacagewa, a Native Woman?
Lewis and Clark
Why did Thomas Jefferson's Embargo Act of 1807 fail?
Because it caused American merchants to lose money and it also had little effect on Britain and France.
The "last straw" in Britain's breach of U.S. neutrality during the British-French conflict was
when the British stopped American ships to forcefully take deserted sailors back.
The practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy is called
James Madison declared war with Britain due to:
- Aiding Native Americans
- Restricting US trade
Why did Britain decide to support Native Americans against the United States?
Mainly to halt westward expansion in the United States
Young members of Congress that called for a trade war against the British were called
With the defeat of Napoleon's armies in April 1814
Britain was now able to turn its full attention to their war effort in North America.
British forces raided the Chesapeake Bay and moved in on the U.S. capital, capturing Washington, D.C., on August 24, 1814.
Here they burned government buildings, including the Capitol Building and the White House.
The victory in the Battle of New Orleans was important for the United States because
it prevented the British from taking control of the Mississippi River.
What treaty ended the War of 1812?
Treaty of Ghent
Many in the United States celebrated the War of 1812 as a
"Second War of Independence".
On September 13, 1814, Baltimore's Fort McHenry withstood 25 hours of bombardment by the British Navy. The following morning, the fort's soldiers hoisted an enormous -------, a sight that inspired Francis Scott Key to write a poem that would later be set to music. What was the sight that inspired Francis Scott Key to write a poem that would later be set to music was known as?
An American flag that inspired Francis Scott Key to write a poem that would later be set to music known as The Star Spangled Banner.
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