23 terms

climate and weather

Weather and climate terms
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Troposphere
The layer of the atmosphere closest to earths surface
front
A boundary where two different air masses meet
hail
Precipitation in the form of ice pellets
wind
Air that moves horizontally
Air mass
A large region of The atmosphere where the air has similar properties throughout
Weather
What the lower atmosphere is like at any given places or time
Air Pressure
The force put on a given area by the weight of the air above it
Snow
Precipitation in the form of ice crystals
Sleet
Precipitation as a mixture of snow and rain
Anemometer
An instrument used to measure wind speed
Atmosphere
The blanket of gases surrounding earth, which is made up of five layers
Wind Vane
An instrument used to measure wind direction
Thermometer
An instrument used to measure the temperature
Water Cycle
The never ending process that recycles earths fresh water supply by using energy from the sun
Evaporation
The process by which liquid changes into gas
Temperature
The measure of the heat in the air in a given place
Water Vapor
Water in the form of a gas
Condensation
The process by which a gas or a vapor changes to a liquid
Jet Stream
A high speed meandering wind current found in the upper levels of the atmosphere
Climate
The average weather pattern of a region over time
Barometer
An instrument used to measure air pressure
Rain
Precipitation in the form of fresh water
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls to the earth from the sky and hits the ground