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Anatomy Midterm Part 2
Terms in this set (88)
One function of the mucus produced by the respiratory system is to [ warm - pressurize ] the incoming air.
The interior of the digestive lining produces mucus that aids in preventing acids from dissolving through the interior. true or false
The airways are persistently inflamed, and may occasionally spasm, causing shortness of breath.
Lung damage allows air to be trapped in the lungs due to a lack of flexibility. Difficulty exhaling air is its hallmark
An infection of the airways, usually by a virus.
A genetic condition causing poor clearance of mucus from the bronchi. The accumulated mucus results in repeated lung infections.
An infection of the alveoli, usually by bacteria.
required for growth and maintenance
body does not produce but are necessary for metabolism
supply energy for cellular processes
Which substance can the digestive system not break down?
Diarrhea is the result of . . . ?
feces passing to quickly through the small intestine.
The intestines are also known as the [ bowels - dystentia ].
Women have thicker vocal cords than men? true or false
average urinary experiences per day
proposed urine was yellow because it contained small amounts of Gold
Shy Bladder Syndrome
percent of people who urinate in the shower
used by jet fighter pilots
urine contains a key ingredient; amonia
percentage of adults who urinate in a swimming pool
how many bags of urine, feces, and vomit are left on the surface of the moon
while in the bladder, urine is
micturation is another word for
What percentage of people urinate in the shower
hollow space behind the nose
middle section of the right lung
bottom lobe of the lung
top lob of right lung
A firm prominence of cartilage that forms the upper part of the larynx; the Adam's apple.
the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus.
a concave space on the left lung in which the heart lies
Which material is not a digestive enzyme?
Material in a digestive enzyme
A duct leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
what anatomical structure closes the larynx
The tongue [ is - is not ] a muscle.
While in the pancreas, enzymes are coated to prevent auto-digestion. true or false
Yes or No, is the following statement true; during urination the external urethral sphincter relaxes and the internal urethral sphincter of the bladder contracts.
What structure is necessary for every vertebrate animal?
Yes or No, does the stomach reabsorb the enzymes it releases?
Pepsin is released by the [ stomach - pancreas ]?
When we inhale (breathe in), what happens to the pressure in the lungs? [ increases, decreases, remains the same]
first portion of the small intestine
This salivary enzyme helps to break down starch
Essential organ that enables the digestion of fats?
Controls passage of food from stomach to small intestine
What percent of death in the United States is linked to smoking cigarettes?
A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste material is compressed into a solid form before being eliminated
portion of the colon that extends downward from the transverse colon
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption of food takes place
Order the following terms as air passes through the respiratory system.
septum, glottis, Adam's Apple, alveoli, bronchi, bronchioles
Pneumatic lungs fill with ________ which prevents gas exchange.
A high pitched sound is because vocal cords vibrate rapidly? true or false
What other organ secretes gastric juices through the pancreas [ stomach - gallbladder ]?
Besides the bronchial system, what other structure in the lung is affected by smoking?
Yes or no, do hormones play a role in the rate at which food is digested?
What hormone does smoking increase which causes a rise in your blood pressure?
What causes the diaphragm to move higher than normal? [ abdomen - stomach ]
When lighting a cigarette, how many cancerous chemicals are being released.
Because the tongue is covered with projections which are called ___________, friction is created which helps to manipulate food.
The rumbling of the stomach, also known as ________, are the result of peristalsis; when the stomach is full, food muffles the sound.
If food is found to taste unpleasant [ more - less ] saliva is produced. SPELL CORRECTLY!
What causes normal fecal material to be brown?
Known as a deep breath that helps remove particles from the trachea. [ cough - expiratus ]
Yes or No, does filtration of urine increase when arteries constrict?
Which salivary gland produces the most saliva?
The passageway common to both the respiratory system and the digestive system is the [ larynx - pharynx - tonsils ].
The weight of air causes a force known as [ ventilation - atmospheric ] pressure.
Regulates the level of sugar in the blood
What organ is shown in the picture [ gallbladder - pancreas ]?
What digestive juice aids amylase in breaking down fat [ bile - pepsin ]?
The pancreas secretes enzymes into the stomach? true or false
blood in the urine
Maple Syrup Disease
patient cannot process certain amino acids
inflammation of Bowman's capsule
What does the tongue create with the mixture of food and saliva [ ball - bolus ]?
Yes or No, the blood/urine travels to the glomerulus through afferent arterioles?
Which salivary glands swell when exposed to the virus that causes the mumps
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