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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Period 4 - Part 2 Review Questions
Terms in this set (27)
1. What was the main priority of the attendees of the Seneca Falls Convention
The main priority of the attendees of the Seneca Falls Convention was to fight for the rights of women. This was a convention that had the goals of bringing attention to the idea that women do not have the same rights that men have that they also deserve to have. All in all, the main priority for these women and men who attended the convention was to persuade the United States government that they should have equal rights because "all men and women are created equal".
2. What was the goal of the American Colonization Society
The main goal and purpose of the American Colonization Society was to send free African Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States.
3. Briefly describe the Tariff of Abominations and how it led to the Nullification Crisis
Also known as the Tariff of 1828, was designed to protect industry in the Northern United States. Therefore, the Congress passed these tariffs that included a 38% tax on some imported goods and a 45% tax on certain imported raw materials. This eventually led to the Nullification Crisis because the southern states saw this as an attack to the way that they run their economy and saw that it only hurt them and benefited to the northerners. Therefore, the Southern states believed that they had the right to nullify or ignore these laws and this began the nullification crisis.
4. What was Jacksons viewpoint on nullification
Secession from the Union? Even though Jackson was usually in favor with states rights, he saw nullification as a threat to the union. In this case, he believed that federal laws had greater authority than the laws in the individual states. Similarly to his views on nullification, Jackson did not support the ideas of succession and he thought that anything that risks the unity of the union is not a good thing and he disapproves of it.
5. Why was the "burned-over district" of New York known by this name
The "Burned Over District" of New York was given this name because this is where there were many hellfire revivals that turned violent.
6. What document was published at the Seneca Falls Convention
What document was it modeled after? The Declaration of Sentiments was published at the Seneca Falls. This document was documented after the Declaration of Independence, but this document declares that men and women are created equal and this declaration declares that women should have the same rights that men have.
7. William Lloyd Garrison was in favor of gradual or immediate emancipation of slaves
William Garrison was in favor of immediate emancipation of all slaves and he was also known as the most radical white abolitionists.
8. What was the purpose of William Lloyd Garrison's newspaper, The Liberator
The main purpose of The Liberator was to be an anti-slavery newspaper that was used as propaganda that abolitionists used to prove that slavery was an injustice and should be abolished.
9. Despite the outlawing of the slave trade in 1807, the American slave population continued to increase during the mid-19th century. How was this possible
Although the slave trade was outlawed in 1807, there was still a large increase in slaves during the mid-19th century because these slaves were now having children, who ended up becoming slaves as well. So, although there were not as many slaves entering the country from the slave trade, there was still an increase in the population of slaves because slaves' children were becoming slaves.
10. Why did Andrew Jackson veto the re-charter of the Bank of the United States
Jackson most likely vetoed the re-charter of the Bank of the United States because he was a Democratic Republican who wanted a weaker central government, and with the bank in place, he believed that the bank was giving too much power to the federal government. Therefore, because he thought that the Bank of the United States gave the federal government too much power, he vetoed the re-charter of the Bank of the United States.
11. Andrew Jackson's dismantling of the Second Bank of the United States most likely lead to what event
The dismantling of the Second Bank of the United States most likely led to the creation of the "pet banks" which are banks selected by the U.S. Department of Treasury to receive surplus Treasury funds in 1833.
12. What were the occupations of Chinese immigrants on the Pacific coast
Some of the occupations that the Chinese immigrants took on the Pacific Costs included working on railroads, mining, agriculture, "Women's work" (normal women jobs during this time such as house work and taking care of the children), and prostitution.
13. How were Chinese and Irish immigrants similar in the 19th century
The Chinese and Irish immigrants during the 19th century were similar because both groups of people received intense criticism from American citizens and often times they were considered a completely different race than the rest of the Americans.
14. What was the result of increased immigration Chinese immigration to California in the 19th century
In 1790, a law was passed where the government made it harder for non-white immigrants from gaining citizenship. There was also a creation of a foreign miner's tax.
15. How did German immigrants differ from the Irish
The German immigrants differed from the Irish immigrants because the German immigrants did receive as much criticism because they didn't come in such of large numbers as the Irish did. The Irish had a difficult time integrating than the Germans.
16. What was the result of Nat Turners revolt in 1831
His revolt hardened proslavery attitudes among Southern whites and led to new oppressive legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and assembly of slaves.
17. What was the name given to Jackson's unofficial group of advisors
The Kitchen Cabinet
18. What is the "spoils system"
The Spoil System is the system that Jackson and some other presidents used to fill the spots of the cabinet with all the members of all the same political party.
19. What were the key domestic issues undertaken by Jackson during his administration
Some of the major domestic issues that Andrew Jackson undertook in his presidency were The National Bank, the Tariff of 1828, and the Nullification Crisis.
20. What was the goal of Indian Removal in the United States
The goal of the Indian Removal act in the United States was to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for white settlement of their ancestral lands.
21. Charles Finney is associated with what movement
Charles Finney was associated with the Second Great Awakening.
22. How were the mentally ill treated prior to the reform movements of the 1830's and 1840s
The Asylum or Hospital reform was a reform that began because of the terrible conditions that the mentally ill were living in while in their asylums. These mentally ill patients were often noted to be neglected by their "care-takers" and this also led to the starvation of many of the patients in return for punishment.
23. What utopian experiment proved to be the most successful during the Second Great Awakening
Mormons were the utopian experiment that was the most successful during the Second Great Awakening.
24. Horace Mann advocated for well trained members of what vocation
Horace Mann advocated for the teachers and students to create public schools in the education movement.
25. How did the "Know-Nothing" Party plan to limit Catholic political power
They were limiting their chances of the Catholic Politicians to be elected into power.
26. Which US cities had a large Irish population as a result of mid-1800s immigration
New York and Boston had large Irish population because many of them just settled into the harbors from where they entered the country.
27. Why did the Whigs believe they were in a strong position to win the Election of 1840
The Whigs believed that they were in a strong position to win the election of 1840 because voters were unhappy with the economy and with the panic of 1837 and they were also better organized than the Democrats and had a war hero as their candidate.
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