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Chemistry chapter 6 review
Terms in this set (24)
Most atoms form bonds using what?
What is the most important factor in determining how an atom will bond?
the number of electrons in the outermost energy level
What is the same within each group on the periodic table?
number of valence electrons
What principle states that atoms tend to form compounds so that each atom can have eight electrons in its outermost energy level?
The elements of the ____ group satisfy the octet rule without forming compounds.
What group gains electrons?
What group loses electrons
ionic compound components
It is a salt, It is composed of anions and cations, held together by ionic bonds
what is most likely to form an ionic compound?
Nonmetal and metal
In metallic bonds, the mobile electrons surrounding the positive ions are called a(n)?
What describes a metallic bond
the attraction between a metal cation and a shared pool of electrons
Why can metals bend without breaking?
Metals contain constantly moving or delocalized electrons.
An electron in the outermost level of an atom is a(n)
On the periodic table, atoms in the same ____________________ have the same number of valence electrons.
In an electron dot diagram, each dot represents a(an)
An atom will not normally form a chemical bond if it has ____________________ valence electrons.
When atoms lose electrons in an ionic bond, they become ____________________ charged.
The bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metal ions and the electrons around them is a(n) ____________________.
In an ionic compound, the attractions between cations and ____________________ hold the compound together.
In ionic compounds, the sum of the charges of all the cations and anions must be ____________________.
the ability of metal to be drawn into wires
the ability of metal to be hammered into sheets
In its simplest form, the alloy brass consists of zinc and ____________________.
You are given the melting points of three unknown substances and asked to predict which is an ionic compound. You would select the compound with the ____________________ melting point.
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