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Terms in this set (50)
What is a Foramen?
hole for blood vessels, nerves, or ligament
What is a Meatus?
canal or passageway through the bone
What is a Sinus?
cavity or space in a bone, lightens the bone
What is a Fossa?
fairly deep pit or depression in the bone
What is a Process?
any projection from the surface of a bone
What is a Condyle?
a large rounded prominence on a bone ("knuckle")
What is a Trochanter?
a large blunt process found only on the femur
What is a Tubercle?
a small round process
What is a Tuberosity?
an elevated, rounded, usually roughened area of a bone
What is a Facet?
a smooth articular surface
What is a Head?
proximal end of a bone, rounded projection
What is a Medial Malleolus?
inside ankle, bottom of tibia
What is a Lateral Malleolus?
outside ankle, bottom of fibula
If someone has C shaped scoliosis, what might occur later?
S shape scoliosis
What cells are responsible for early bone generation?
What is the lateral curvature of the spine?
What is an example of an irregular bone?
vertebrae and hip bones
Describe a short bone
equal in length and width (cube shaped)
Which type of joint is freely moveable?
Which type of joint is immovable?
Which type of joint is semi-moveable?
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?
What is an example of a degenerative bone disease?
Where does hematopoiesis occur?
in spongy bone
Where is articular cartilage located?
ends of bones
What is the function of a flat bone?
protection and muscle attachment
What cells maintain the daily activities of the bone?
What bones make up the appendicular skeleton?
bones of the arms, legs, shoulders, and pelvis
What is the degeneration of bones in a joint?
Elbow is what type of joint?
Where does endochondral bone growth occur?
at the epiphysis (the ends of bones)
What cells eliminate dead bone cells?
What is an example of a short bone?
carpal bones, calcaneous
What is an example of a sesamoid bone?
What bones make up the axial skeleton?
skull, vertebral column, rib cage
What is an example of a long bone?
What is a sesamoid bone?
What is the function of a sinus?
to make the bone feel lighter
Describe a flat bone
very thin, sometimes curved
Which vertebrae holds most of the body weight?
What is the hook on the proximal end of the ulna called?
What is the shaft of the bone called?
Which vertebrae connects to the ribs?
Describe a long bone
longer than they are wide
What is an example of a flat bone?
What connects muscle to bone?
What is spinabifida?
vertebrae do not develop around spinal chord
What connects bone to bone?
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