22 terms

ZHLS Poetry Terms 4

Poetic forms and conventions.
STUDY
PLAY
Villanelle
A fixed verse form of nineteen lines--five tercets and a concluding quatrain. The form requires that whole lines be repeated in a specific order, and that only two rhyming sounds occur in the course of the poem. Probably the most famous English example is Dylan Thomas's "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night."
Sonnet
A fixed verse form of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns. It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines. There are three common forms: (1) Italian or Petrarchan (2) English or Shakespearean (3) Miltonic
Ballad
a narrative poem consisting of quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter. The beginning is often abrupt, the story is told through dialogue and action, the language is simple or "folksy," the theme is often tragic--though comic ones do exist, and it contains a refrain repeated several times.
Vignette
A short composition with little or no plot. Descriptive or evocative in nature. Could also be a descriptive passage within a larger work.
Elegy, Classical
A poem that begins begins with an invocation of the muse, and then continues with allusions to classical mythology. It contains a poetic speaker who uses the first person and raises questions about justice, fate, or providence. The poet digresses about the conditions of his own time or his own situation, which allows the speaker to move beyond his original emotion or thinking to a higher level of understanding. The conclusion of the poem provides consolation or insight into the speaker's situation.
Elegy, Pastoral
The speaker mourns the death of a close friend, representing the friend as if he were a shepherd.
Epic, Classical
A long narrative poem about a serious subject, told in an elevated style of language, that begins with the invocation of a muse, in medias res. It is focused on the exploits of a hero or demi-god who represents the cultural values of a race, nation, or religious group, in which the hero's success or failure will determine the fate of that people or nation. The term applies most accurately to classical Greek texts like the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Epic, Broad
A long narrative poem in which the story follows a hero who represents the cultural values of any race, nation, or religious group, not just Greece or Rome. Examples of this are Beowulf, Milton's Paradise Lost, and the story of Gilgamesh.
Confessional Poem
Poetry "of the personal." A poetic style that is autobiographical and marked by its exploration of subject matter that was considered taboo at the time: mental illness, sexuality, and suicide.
Lyric Poem
A short poem with no plot, written in a repeating stanzaic form, often designed to be set to music. Itr expresses the feelings, perceptions, and thoughts of a single poetic speaker (not in an intensely personal, emotional, or subjective manner. Often, there is no chronology of events in the lyrics, but rather objects, situations, or the subject is written about in a "lyric moment."
Rhapsody
A highly emotional literary work or effusively rapturous or extravagant discourse.
Riddle
A puzzling question or a conundrum the reader is often challenged to solve.
Monologue
A poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener at length.
Epigram
An inscription in verse or prose on a building, tomb, or coin, or a short verse or motto appearing at the beginning of a longer poem or the title page of a novel, to establish mood or raise thematic concerns.
Canto
A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.
Prelude
An introductory poem to a longer work of verse.
Eulogy
A commendatory oration or writing especially in honor of one deceased
Epitaph
An inscription carved on a gravestone, or the final statement spoken by a character before his death.
Dirge
a song or hymn of grief or lamentation, especially one intended to accompany funeral or memorial rites, or a slow, solemn, and mournful piece of music
Requiem
a musical setting of the mass for the dead.
Lament
A formulaic expression of grief or sorrow for the loss of a person, position, or culture. It is typically non-narrative.
Doggerel
a low, or trivial, form of verse, loosely constructed and often irregular, but effective because of its simple mnemonic rhyme and loping metre.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...