35 terms

U.S. History to 1865 - SOL Flash Cards Set 2

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New England
This regions natural resources include timber, fish, and deep harbors
New England
This regions human resources include skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers and shipbuilders.
New England
-This region has moderate summers and cold winters.
-Contains the Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil and a jagged coastline
New England
-Village and church the center of social life
-Town Meetings
-Religious reformers and separatists
New England
-Depended on the Southern region for cotton and raw materials.
-Depended on the Mid-Atlantic region for livestock and grains.
Mid-Atlantic
This regions natural resources include rich farmland and rivers.
Mid-Atlantic
This regions human resources include unskilled and skilled workers and fisherman.
Mid-Atlantic
-This region has mild winters and moderate climate, wide and deep rivers.
-Contains the Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays.
Mid-Atlantic
This region has livestock, grain and fish.
New England
This region has fishing, shipbuilding industry and naval supplies.
Mid-Atlantic
-villages and cities
-diverse lifestyles
-diverse religions
-market towns
Mid-Atlantic
Traded with both the Southern and New England colonies to get products they didn't produce.
Southern Region
This regions natural resources included fertile land, rivers and harbors.
Southern Region
This regions human resources included farmers, and enslaved African Americans.
Southern Region
-Humid climate with mild winters and hot summers.
-Contained the Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors and rivers.
Southern Region
This region had tobacco, cotton, indigo, and wood products.
Southern Region
-Social life centered around plantations, slavery, mansions, indentured servants, few cities, few schools, Church of England
- Counties
Southern Region
Depended on the New England region for manufactured goods including tools and equipment.
Roanoke Island
-The "Lost Colony"
-Economic Venture
Jamestown
-1st permanent English settlement in North America.
-Economic venture by the Virginia Company.
Plymouth
-settled by separatists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution.
Massachusetts Bay
-settled by Puritans who wanted to avoid religious persecution.
Pennsylvania Colony
-settled by Quakers who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference.
Georgia Colony
-settled by people who had been in debtors' prisons in England. They hoped to economic freedom in the New World.
Large Landowners
-lived in the South
-relied on indentured servants and slaves for labor
-educated in some cases
-had a rich social culture
farmers
-worked the land according to the region and relied on family members for labor
Artisans
-worked in towns and on plantations
-lived in small villages and cities
Women
-worked as caretakers, houseworkers, and homemakers
-were not allowed to vote
-had few opportunities for an education
Free African Americans
-were able to own land
-had economic freedom and could work for pay and decide how to spend their money
-were not allowed to vote
Indentured Servants
-made a contract to work for in return for their passage to the colonies
-were free at the end of their contract
Enslaved African Americans
-captured in Africa and sold to slave traders....then shipped to the colonies
-owned as property for life with no rights
-children of enslaved African Americans were born into slavery
Economic and Religious
The two reasons colonies were established.
debtors' prisons
- prison for people who are unable to pay a debt (bills)
enslaved
a person with no rights that is a servant to another person
resource
having a supply to use