Kumalo arrived in Johannesburg after a long train ride, only to show up extremely confused at a bus station. He was tricked by a stranger, who promised him that he would buy his bus ticket, but instead ran off with Kumalo's money. The only reason Kumalo made it to his destination was because a kind man aided him at the bus station.Jarvis was flown on a plane to Johannesburg, courtesy of the chief of police. Upon arriving, he and his wife are greeted by John Harrison, the brother of their son's wife, Mary. They travel to the house of John and Mary's parents by car, where they meet Mary, her mother, and her father, Mr. Harrison. The "Beloved Country" signifies Africa. "Cry, the Beloved Country", is actually a phrase repeated several times in the novel (The first time we see it is chapter 11, paragraph 19, for reference). The "beloved country" could also be referencing how Arthur Jarvis loves his country, and it is precisely because he loves it that he wants to improve it-"it is only [...when] one learns of the hates and fears of our country. It is only then that one's love grows deep and passionate". "Cry" is command (commanding the beloved country?? I dont really know about this). Paton proves that wanting to reform his home country is a sign of his great love for South Africa, for its landscape, its cultures, and its history. Indeed, Paton writes, in his note on the 1987 edition of the book, that the phrase Cry, the Beloved Country, "was written by one who indeed had loved the earth deeply, by one who had been moved when the birds of his land were singing" (source, Note on the 1987 Edition)— Maybe we're crying because of the destruction and discrimination that exists in the country??? idk civilization.A theme of the novel. The main differences we see are the contrast between Johannesburg and the countryside. The countryside/nature is a generally healthier, more peaceful place, whereas Johannesburg has been corrupted by human nature and desire/indulgences. In addition, Ndotsheni is more "natural" because it is a tiny countryside village instead of a huge city. DIFFERENCES: Johannesburg is the biggest city in South Africa, while Ndotsheni is a tiny village. Johannesburg has a diverse population (even though they are kept segregated), while Ndotsheni is primarily Zulu. Johannesburg has lots of job opportunities, especially if you are willing to work on the wrong side of the law. Ndotsheni is primarily a farming village, with one opening for a dedicated priest. It's clear that Paton favors the moral qualities of the countryside over the excitement of the city. Kumalo's retreat to the mountain to meditate at the end of Cry, the Beloved Country symbolizes a journey to an individual, personal place outside of the novel's grand divisions between black and white, and between the city and the countryside. This mountain represents the possibility of a place that is not marked by racial or economic divides. The big difference between Cry, the Beloved Country's portrayal of Ndotsheni and Johannesburg is that Ndotsheni's difficulties with soil erosion and poverty can be fixed, while Johannesburg's greed and immorality seem built into the fabric of city life and thus cannot be changed.