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20 terms

Western Civ Final 9

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Nonagression pact
agreement between germany and russia not to fight each other
Invasion of Poland
Blitzkrieg,September, 1939 - Germany used series of "lightning campaigns" to conquer Poland. The invasion caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany.
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers and Phillipino prisonerswere forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their japanese captors; Death March because so many captives died en route
Midway
World War II Pacific battle; decisive U.S. victory over powerful Japanese carrier force.
Island Hopping
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
MacArthur
(1880-1964) American general, he commanded U.S troops in the southwest Pacific during WWII and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War, until he was removed by President Truman.
Holocaust
Nazis' program during World War II to kill people they considered undesirable. Some 6 million Jews perished during the Holocaust, along with millions of Poles, Gypsies, Communists, Socialists, and others.
Final Solution
Nazi Germany's plan and execution of the systematic genocide of European Jews during World War II, resulting in the final and most deadly phase of the Holocaust.
Genocide
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Auschwitz
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there. (p. 800)
Eisenhower
Allied commander in WW2 in Europe; helped plan the D-Day invasion at Normandy; 34th President
D-Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Kamikazes
in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
Erwin Rommel
A field marshal in the German army's Afrika Korps who specialized in tank warfare. Rommel came to be known by both friends and enemies as the "Desert Fox" for his brilliant strategies and surprise attacks in Germany's North Africa campaign.
Atomic Bomb
a powerful weapon developed in the United States during World War II and used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II
Nagasaki
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).