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Contraception & Infertility

Terms in this set (83)

Infertility can be due to either the male or female. This (conceive) after one year or longer of unprotected sex. Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant section covers drugs used in females. Clomiphene is the first-line treatment in women with irregular or absent menstrual cycles. Clomiphene is a lrire estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). Drugs that are SERMS act as estrogen agonists in some tissues and estrogen antagonists in other tissues. Clomiphene, like estrogen, causes LH and FSH to surge, which triggers ovulation. The surge in LH commonly causes hot flashes. SERMS, including clomiphene, have clotting risks. Gonadotropins trigger ovulation by acting similar to the endogenous (naturally produced) gonadotropins FSH or LH. Gonadotropins are used after a poor response to clominhene or to spur egg release for procedures such as intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization. and linc in ovulation, where Alternatively, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists (GNRHA), such as Association leuprolide (Lupron) can be used to trigger ovulation. The hCG hormone is important in pregnancy it binds to the LH receptor and other GnRHAS are more hormone levels in breast or prostate cancer treatment. Fertility medications, including clomiphene, can cause multiple which causes a risk of multiple births Gonadotropins, similar to the hormones, cannot be taken SC or IM injection. This is one of the rare could be injecting IM, which orally. They are (see Study Tip Gal). majority of drugs that are administered by times a patient (or eggs to be released, gonadotropins and with a similar effect. Leuprolide commonly used to decrease their partner) than SC administration. is more painful